Risultati della ricerca per: 2008

Vangelis – Spiral [Full Album] 1977


[youtube https://youtu.be/7vPKdHN03CI]

Evangelos Odysseas Papathanassiou (gr. Ευάγγελος Οδυσσέας Παπαθανασίου; Volos, 29 marzo 1943) è un polistrumentista e compositore greco di musica elettronica e new age, noto con il nome d’arte di Vangelis.

Fra le sue opere più acclamate compaiono alcune colonne sonore (come quelle per i film Momenti di gloria, Blade Runner, Antarctica, Missing – Scomparso, 1492 – La conquista del paradiso, Alexander, Luna di fiele). Inoltre ha composto l’inno per i Mondiali di calcio Giappone-Corea del Sud 2002.

Vangelis inizia a comporre a 4 anni ed è autodidatta per gran parte delle sue conoscenze musicali. Si rifiuta di prendere lezioni e tuttora non ha una conoscenza base sulla lettura e scrittura di note musicali.

Nei primi anni sessanta fonda il gruppo pop Forminx, che diviene popolare in Grecia. Durante la rivolta studentesca del 1968 si trasferisce a Parigi e fonda il gruppo dirock progressivo Aphrodite’s Child con Demis Roussos e Loukas Sideras.

Vangelis inizia la sua carriera da solista nell’anno 1973 con la composizione delle colonne sonore di due film del produttore francese Frederic Rossif. Il suo primo album da solista è Earth (1973).

Dopo essersi trasferito a Londra, firma un contratto con la RCA e inizia a lavorare nel suo studio di registrazione privato (Nemo Studios). In questi anni produce alcuni dei suoi album più famosi, come Heaven and Hell (1975), Spiral (1977) e China (1979).

Assieme a Jon Anderson (cantante degli Yes) pubblica diversi dischi negli anni ottanta e novanta con il nome di Jon & Vangelis. Ha inoltre collaborato con alcuni artisti italiani, in qualità di arrangiatore: Riccardo Cocciante, Claudio Baglioni, Milva, Patty Pravo, Krisma. Gli album italiani dove è preponderante il suo influsso sono E tu… di Claudio Baglioni, dove le melodie delle tastiere richiamano quelle già utilizzate dagliAphrodite’s Child, e Concerto per Margherita di Riccardo Cocciante.

Nel 1982 vince l’Oscar per la colonna sonora del film Momenti di gloria di Hugh Hudson. Nello stesso anno inizia la collaborazione con il regista Ridley Scott per il quale scrive la colonna sonora per Blade Runner, divenuta presto un cult, come d’altronde il film stesso. Per lo stesso regista firmerà, qualche anno più tardi la riuscita colonna sonora di 1492 – La conquista del paradiso. La più grande popolarità gli giunge appunto per la composizione di queste famose colonne sonore, nelle quali unisce melodie eleganti a sonorità d’atmosfera, piegando voce umana, strumenti classici e suoni elettronici al servizio di una musica sempre molto suggestiva ed evocatrice.

Curiosamente Vangelis non sembra essere molto interessato al suo sito ufficiale, Vangelis Information World, dal momento che lo stesso, online dal 1996, risulta tuttora (2014)…”in costruzione”.

Nel 1997 è uno dei protagonisti della cerimonia d’apertura dei Campionati del mondo di atletica leggera 1997 di Atene: in più riprese, durante la serata, Vangelis suona alcuni dei suoi pezzi più famosi accompagnato dall’orchestra e dal coro. Alcuni commentatori attribuiscono a questa performance un peso importante nella successiva assegnazione dei giochi olimpici alla capitale greca per l’edizione del 2004. Nel 2001, Vangelis registra Mythodea, una composizione scritta originariamente nel 1993 e utilizzata dalla NASA come il tema per la missione 2001 Mars Odyssey. In uno dei pochissimi concerti della sua carriera, Vangelis si esibisce al tempio di Zeus Olimpio di Atene ed esegue l’intero disco accompagnato da un’orchestra sinfonica e da un coro. Da questo concerto verrà realizzato un DVD che a tutt’oggi rimane l’unica documentazione ufficiale di un’esibizione dal vivo di Vangelis, se si escludono alcune sporadiche apparizioni televisive o un’esibizione trasmessa dalla tv olandese nel 1991, che però era completamente in playback . Nel bis del concerto, Vangelis ha eseguito Momenti di Gloria suonando il celeberrimo tema accompagnato dall’orchestra, mentre il pubblico, agitando delle torce, rendeva ancora più suggestivo e affascinante lo scenario in cui si svolgeva l’esibizione.

Nel 2002 compone l’inno del campionato mondiale di calcio 2002, in cui Vangelis unisce le musiche trionfali alle sonorità orientali. Di questo brano vengono realizzati molti remix, uno di questi in Italia è stato utilizzato nelle trasmissioni sportive RAI dedicate all’evento.

Nel 2004 viene pubblicata la colonna sonora del film Alexander, diretto da Oliver Stone e basato sulla vita di Alessandro Magno.

Nel 2007 Vangelis pubblica due album. Il primo è un set di 3 cd per il venticinquesimo anniversario dell’uscita di Blade Runner, intitolato Blade Runner Trilogy. Il secondo è la colonna sonora per il film El Greco, basato sulla vita del pittore ellenico-spagnolo.

Nell’autunno del 2008, realizza la traccia principale per Swiadectwo (intitolato Testimony al di fuori della Polonia), un documentario sulla vita del pontefice Giovanni Paolo II; il resto della colonna sonora è invece affidato al compositore polacco Robert Janson.

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vangelis

Siamo – We are


Siamo

Siamo tutti bimbi, relegati in un angolo.

Siamo tutti in attesa di una voce, di un richiamo o di qualcuno

che con un sorriso ci stringa la mano.

Siamo adulti che non ricordano più

il sapore di un dolce antico

il suono di una canzoncina

il cuore che era in attesa di una carezza.

Oggi fuggiamo, rincorriamo il futuro

e dimentichiamo la nostra antica storia

raccolta in un sacchetto di carta, abbandonato su di una panchina

dove non andiamo a giocare più.

Ci manca la presenza amica, le voci in cortile e gli attimi eterni

quando si giocava tutti insieme.

Senza vere sconfitte e con il coraggio

che usciva dalle tasche con la fionda

o con quegli occhi sognanti che sapevano sempre sperare.

Siamo bambini silenti

che non raccontano più

storie fantastiche e ricchi momenti

perché sembrerebbe ridicolo

in un mondo

che non ci lascia giocare.

20.04.2008 Poetyca

We are all

We are all children, relegated to a corner.

We are all waiting for a voice, a point or someone

with a smile that we shake hands.

We are adults who can not remember more

the flavor of a sweet old

the sound of a song

the heart that was waiting for a caress.

Today we escape, we chase the future

and forget our ancient history

collected in a paper bag, abandoned on a bench

where we’re not going to play anymore.

We miss the friendly presence, voices in the courtyard and the eternal moment

when we played together.

No real setbacks and with the courage

that came from the pockets with a slingshot

or with those dreamy eyes who could always hope.

We are silent children

that do not tell more

fantasy and rich moments

it seems ridiculous

in a world

we will not play.

20.04.2008 Poetyca

Purpuree danze – Purple dances


Purpuree danze

Canti che snodano
gocce di rugiada
passi nell’ombra
e attesa frescura

Raccolti attimi
che palpitano ancora
per essere fonte di vita
oltre ogni apparire

Purpuree danze
al vortice d’anima
che espande chiarore
sovrastando il silenzio

03.08.2004 Poetyca

Purple dances

Songs that meander
drops of dew
steps in the shadows
cool and waiting

collected moments
that beat yet
to be the source of life
look beyond

purple dances
the vortex core
light that expands
drowning out the silence

03.08.2004 Poetyca

Il nemico della religione – The enemy of religion


Riflettendo…

La Riflessione

Tale è la mente, tale è il Buddha.
Così com’è il Buddha, così sono anche gli esseri viventi.

E’ necessario comprendere che la natura essenziale
del Buddha e della mente, è illimitata.

Avatamsaka Sutra

————————

Non ha inizio o fine
la vera natura della mente:
oltre le apparenze
tutto è limpido
ed abbraccia nell’interessere
amorevolezza e compassione.

Poetyca

————————

L’insegnamento

Il nemico della religione

Non c’è nulla che si possa chiamare “dogma” nell’insegnamento buddhista.

Con un’ampiezza di vedute rara per quel tempo,
e non comune nemmeno ai tempi nostri,
il Buddha rifiutò di soffocare la critica e l’analisi.

L’intolleranza gli apparve come il più grande nemico della religione.

Dr. S Radhakrishnan

———————–

Nel rispetto di ogni essere
è il percorso che non separa,
che accoglie e non pone diversità:
senza dogma da erigere come muro,
la mente pura è accoglienza e comprensione.

Poetyca

———————–

06.09.2008 Poetyca

Reflecting …

The Reflection

Such is the mind, such is the Buddha.
As the Buddha is, so too are living beings.

It is necessary to understand that nature is essential
of the Buddha and mind, it is unlimited.

Avatamsaka Sutra

————————

It has no beginning or end
the true nature of the mind:
beyond appearances
everything is clear
and embraces in being
kindness and compassion.

Poetyca

————————

The teaching

The enemy of religion

There is nothing that can be called “dogma” in Buddhist teaching.

With a breadth of views rare for that time,
and not common even in our times,
the Buddha refused to stifle criticism and analysis.

Intolerance appeared to him as the greatest enemy of religion.

Dr. S Radhakrishnan

———————–

In respect of every being
is the path that does not separate,
that welcomes and does not place diversity:
without dogma to build as a wall,
the pure mind is welcoming and understanding.

Poetyca

———————–

06.09.2008 Poetyca

Ultravox


[youtube https://youtu.be/hIuOz8vycWc]

Gli Ultravox sono un gruppo di musica new wave formato a Londra nel 1973. All’inizio della loro carriera, il nome del gruppo era Ultravox! (col punto esclamativo finale), per richiamare quello dei tedeschi Neu!, e tale rimase per i primi due album.

La carriera del gruppo viene marcatamente divisa in due periodi, ossia quello dal 1974 al 1979, guidato dal leader John Foxx, e quello dal 1979 al 1988, segnato dal suo sostituto Midge Ure.

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultravox

Ultravox (formerly known as Ultravox!) are a British new wave band, formed in London in 1974 as Tiger Lily. Between 1980–86, they scored seven Top Ten albums and seventeen Top 40 singles in the UK, the most successful of which was their 1981 hit “Vienna”.

The band has been led by two different frontmen who never played together in the band at the same time. From 1974 until 1979, singer John Foxx was frontman and the main driving force behind Ultravox. Foxx left the band to embark on a solo career and, following his departure, with the three remaining members in hiatus, Midge Ure took over as lead singer, guitarist and frontman in 1980 after he and keyboardist Billy Currie worked in the studio project Visage. Ure revitalised the band and steered it to commercial success lasting until the mid-1980s. Ure left the band in 1987 after establishing his own solo career and the group disbanded for a while. A new line-up, led by Currie, was formed in 1992, but achieved little success.

The band’s best-known line-up of Currie, Ure, bassist Chris Cross and drummer Warren Cann reformed in 2008 and performed a series of reunion shows in 2009 and 2010 before releasing a new studio album, Brill!ant, in May 2012. In November 2013, Ultravox performed as special guests on a four date UK arena tour with Simple Minds.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultravox

L’inizio del sentiero – The beginning of the path


Il fiore di Bodhidharma

Riflettendo…

La Riflessione

Quando la mente è calma e lo spirito in pace,
la comprensione è realizzata.

Non v’è più nulla da comprendere.
Chi può affermare che il regno del Tao è lontano da noi?

Com’è sereno!
Come l’origine di Cielo e Terra.

Ni Tsan (1301-1374)

———————–

Non esiste dualismo,
non ha spazio la separazione
come una mente agitata ci proietta.

Tutto è racchiuso
in un respiro calmo,
nella pura attenzione
che lascia andare
attaccamento ed aspettativa.

Nel tao il senso profondo
di ogni cosa che ci pervade
e che si proietta nello spazio intorno.

Poetyca

———————–

L’insegnamento

L’inizio del Sentiero

Quando il Buddha insegnò le quattro nobili verità,
disse che prendere rifugio nell’esistenza umana è un’esperienza insoddisfacente.

Se ci si attacca a questa struttura mortale, si soffrirà.
Non ottenere quello che si vuole è sofferenza
– con questo possiamo trovarci facilmente d’accordo –
Ricevere quello che non si vuole può anche essere doloroso.

Ma se ci inoltriamo un po’ di più lungo il cammino del Buddha,
anche ottenere ciò che vogliamo è sofferenza!

Questo è l’inizio del sentiero del risveglio.

Ajahn Sundara

————————

La brama, il possesso e l’aspettativa
sono veleni che inquinano il nostro andare.

La vera ricerca si confronta con la capacità
di non attendersi nulla,
di accogliere ogni cosa come dono.

Senza aspettative si comprende
che quel che ci accade
è adatto al nostro percorso.

Non sempre quel che appare beneficio
accorda il nostro bisogno
e se non vigiliamo diviene
attaccamento e veleno.

Poetyca

————————

15.06.2008 Poetyca

testi tratti da: http://www.bodhidharma.it

Rifugi lungo la via – Shelters along the way


Riflettendo…

bodhidarma

La Riflessione

Ho vissuto per più di cinquant’anni,

fluttuando nel mare della vita e della morte.

Non v’è nulla a cui afferrarsi.

Shin’etsu (1639-1696)

————————

Il valore della gratitudine,

per la bellezza del percorso,

per le opportunità maturate

è nella comprensione di tutte le volte

che un respiro nuovo

ci ha permesso di essere qui ed ora,

ad attraversare lo spazio

che separa le acque tra la vita

che continua e la sfuggita morte.

In noi la capacità di accogliere

passo dopo passo questo momento

senza aggrapparsi ma facendosi scivolare

con dolcezza sulle onde

della compassione amorevole.

Poetyca

————————

L’insegnamento

Rifugi lungo la Via

Generalmente si pensa che prendere i Rifugi sia il primo gradino della pratica buddhista,una formula che si recita all’inizio della propria vita da buddhisti,

ma che poi si lascia cadere su uno sfondo dietro di sé.

Invece, l’atto di prendere i Rifugi può essere usato come un mezzo di pratica,

un metodo per elevare se stessi, poiché quando si prendono i Rifugi

in effetti si dà una particolare direzione alla propria mente.

Se lo si fa consapevolmente, lentamente e deliberatamente,

quest’atto mette in moto alcuni fattori mentali, le cinque facoltà spirituali (indriya).

Esse sono fede, energia, consapevolezza, concentrazione e saggezza.

Prendendo consapevolmente i Rifugi si fanno sorgere,

si potenziano e si rinforzano queste cinque qualità mentali,

fino al punto che esse diverranno le linee guida del nostro sviluppo spirituale.

Venerabile Bhikkhu Bodhi

————————-

Giungere ad un apparente traguardo è in realtà tracciare una linea di partenza,

in coerenza e retto sforzo per essere capaci di mantenere fede

ad una scelta formulata con la mente/cuore.

Mai si deve cancellare quello che è nella via da intraprendere

e passo dopo passo, tutto si riconferma dal calore che noi mettiamo

per far ardere la fiamma della presenza mentale, dove la pura mente

sa dare limpidezza al percorso scelto con consapevolezza ed amorevolezza.

Con gratitudine si porta attenzione a tutte le difficoltà

che ci aiutano a riconfermare il nostro modo di vivere le esperienze.

Poetyca

————————

28.12.2008 Poetyca

❤ ❤ ❤

Reflecting …

Reflection

I have lived for more than fifty years ,

waving in the sea of ​​life and death.

There is nothing to hold on .

Shin’etsu (1639-1696)

————————

The value of gratitude ,

for the beauty of the route ,

for the opportunities gained

is in the understanding of all times

that a new breath

has allowed us to be here and now,

to traverse space

which separates the waters between life

continues and escaped death.

In us the capacity to accommodate

step by step this time

but being without clinging slip

gently on the waves

of loving compassion .

Poetyca

————————

The teaching

Shelters along the Via

It is generally thought that taking refuge is the first step of Buddhist practice , a formula that is recited at the beginning of his life as a Buddhist ,

but then you drop on a background behind him.

Instead , the act of taking refuge can be used as a means of practice,

a method to elevate themselves, because when you take refuge

in fact it gives a particular direction to the mind .

If you do it consciously , slowly and deliberately ,

this act sets in motion some mental factors , the five spiritual faculties ( Indriyas ) .

They are faith , energy, mindfulness , concentration and wisdom .

Going for Refuge consciously they do arise ,

is strengthening, and reinforcing these five mental qualities ,

to the point where they become the guidelines of our spiritual development.

Venerable Bhikkhu Bodhi

————————-

Reaching an apparent goal is actually to draw a line starting

in consistency and rectum effort to be able to maintain faith

to a choice made ​​with the mind / heart.

Never will need to delete what is in the way to go

and step by step , everything is reconfirmed by the heat that we put

to burn the flame of mindfulness, where the pure mind

can give clarity to the path chosen with awareness and kindness .

With gratitude brings attention to the difficulties

that help us to reconfirm our way of life experiences .

Poetyca

————————

28.12.2008 Poetyca

Sulla via della pace – The Path to Peace


Sulla via della pace

Le battaglie nel mondo

Fate ogni cosa con una mente che sappia lasciare andare.
Non aspettatevi nessuna ricompensa o premio.
Se lasciate andare un poco, avrete un poco di pace.
Se lasciate andare completamente, conoscerete la pace e la libertà complete.
Le vostre battaglie con il mondo giungeranno al termine.
Achaan Chah

La pace è ogni passo

La pace è ogni passo.
Il fulgido sole rosso è il mio cuore.
Ogni fiore sorride con me.
Quanto verde rigloglio tutto intorno!
Com’è fresco il soffio del vento!
La pace è ogni passo.
E fa gioioso il sentiero senza fine.

La pace è ogni passo – Thich Nhat Hanh

Il sentiero della pace

del venerabile Ajahn Chah

© Ass. Santacittarama, 2002. Tutti i diritti sono riservati.

SOLTANTO PER DISTRIBUZIONE GRATUITA.

Traduzione di Silvana Ziviani.

Brani estratti da un discorso del Venerabile Ajahn Chah indirizzato ai monaci e ai novizi.

POSSIAMO DIRE CHE IL RETTO SENTIERO DELLA PACE, il sentiero che il Buddha ha scoperto e ci ha indicato, che conduce alla pace della mente, alla purezza e alla realizzazione delle qualità di un samana, è formato da sila (freno morale), samadhi(concentrazione) e pañña (saggezza). E’ una strada valida per tutti. Infatti i discepoli del Buddha che divennero illuminati, all’inizio erano delle persone ordinarie, come tutti noi. Anche il Buddha all’inizio era uno come noi. Praticarono e dall’opacità fecero emergere la luce, dalla rozzezza la bellezza e dalle cose vane e inutili grandi benefici per tutti.

Silasamadhi e pañña sono i nomi dati a tre diversi aspetti della pratica. Praticando sila, samadhi pañña, in effetti, praticate con voi stessi. La giusta sila esiste qui in questo momento, il giusto samadhiè qui. Perché? Perché il vostro corpo è qui! La pratica di silariguarda il corpo intero. Quindi, siccome il vostro corpo è qui, le mani, le gambe sono qui, è qui che praticate sila.

Un conto è tenere a mente tutta la lista dei comportamenti sbagliati da evitare, così come elencata nei libri, un altro conto è capire che le potenzialità che questi atteggiamenti hanno di crescere, risiede in voi. Praticare la disciplina morale vuol dire stare attenti ad evitare certe azioni, come uccidere, rubare ed avere una condotta sessuale scorretta. Il Buddha ci ha insegnato a prenderci cura di tutte le nostre azioni, anche delle più semplici.

Forse nel passato avete ucciso degli animali o degli insetti schiacciandoli o non siete stati troppo attenti nel parlare: il parlare sbagliato si ha quando si mente o si esagera la verità, mentre parlare in modo grossolano vuol dire essere aggressivi e offensivi verso gli altri, dicendo in continuazione ‘imbroglione’, ‘idiota’ e così via. Il parlare frivolo si ha quando i discorsi sono solo chiacchiere inutili, senza senso, sconclusionati, che vanno avanti senza voler dire niente. Ci siamo lasciati andare tutti qualche volta a questo genere di discorsi a ruota libera, quindi praticare silasignifica sorvegliare se stessi, sorvegliare le proprie azioni e le proprie parole.

Ma chi sorveglia? Chi si prende la responsabilità delle vostre azioni? Quando vi appropriate di qualcosa che non vi appartiene, chi è consapevole di quell’azione? E’ la mano? Questo è il punto su cui dovete sviluppare la consapevolezza. Chi sa che state per mentire, giurare o dire qualcosa di frivolo? Consapevole di ciò che dice è la bocca, o è colui che conosce il significato delle parole? Contemplate: ‘colui che conosce’, chiunque sia, deve prendersi la responsabilità della vostra sila. Portate questa consapevolezza a sorvegliare le vostre azioni e le parole. Per praticare sila, usate quella parte della mente che dirige le vostre azioni e che vi porta ad agire bene o male, a cacciare il furfante e a trasformarlo in uno sceriffo. Tenete ferma la mente capricciosa e portatela a servire e a prendersi la responsabilità di tutte le vostre azioni e parole. Osservate ciò e contemplatelo. Il Buddha ci ha esortato ad essere consapevoli delle nostre azioni. Chi è consapevole? Il corpo non ne sa niente; sa solo stare in piedi, camminare e cose del genere. Per poter fare qualsiasi cosa deve aspettare che qualcuno glielo ordini. La stessa cose vale per le mani, per la bocca.

La pratica comporta che si instauri sati – cioè la consapevolezza – in ‘colui che conosce’. ‘Colui che conosce’ è quell’intenzione della mente che prima ci portava ad uccidere esseri viventi, a rubare le cose altrui e a indulgere a una sessualità scorretta, a mentire, a calunniare, a parlare in modo sciocco e frivolo, a comportarci nei modi più sfrenati. E’ ‘colui che conosce’ che ci ha spinto a parlare; esso esiste nella mente. Focalizzate la consapevolezza (sati) – questa costante riflessione consapevole – su ‘colui che conosce’. Lasciate che la conoscenza si prenda cura della vostra pratica.

Usate sati, la consapevolezza, per mantenere la mente riflessiva, concentrata nel momento presente, ottenendo così la calma mentale. Fate che la mente badi a se stessa, e che lo faccia bene.

Mantenere sila – o in altre parole, prendersi cura delle azioni e delle parole – non è poi una cosa così difficile, se la mente sa badare a se stessa. Siate sempre consapevoli, ogni momento e in ogni postura: sdraiati, in piedi, camminando e seduti. Prima di compiere qualsiasi azione, prima di parlare o di impegnarvi in una conversazione, stabilite la consapevolezza, sati; dovete essere raccolti, prima di fare qualsiasi cosa. Non importa quello che direte, l’importante è raccogliersi nella mente. Esercitatevi fino a diventare molto abili. Praticate, in modo da essere sempre al corrente di ciò che capita nella mente; praticate fino a quando la consapevolezza diventi così naturale da essere presente ancora prima di agire o di parlare. E’ questo il modo per stabilire la consapevolezza nel cuore. E’ con ‘colui che conosce’ che sorvegliate voi stessi, perché tutte le azioni vengono da lui. E’ qui che hanno origine le intenzioni che produrranno l’azione ed è per questo che la pratica non avrà successo se fate svolgere questo compito a qualcun altro.

Le vostre parole e le vostre azioni, sempre tenute a bada, diventeranno aggraziate e piacevoli sia all’occhio che all’orecchio, mentre voi stessi, sarete perfettamente a vostro agio all’interno di questa disciplina. Se praticate la consapevolezza e il controllo fino a renderli atteggiamenti naturali, la mente diventerà ferma e risoluta nella pratica di sila. Farà costantemente attenzione alla pratica, riuscendo così a concentrarsi completamente. In altre parole, la pratica basata sul controllo e la disciplina, in cui vi prendete costantemente cura delle azioni e delle parole, in cui siete completamente responsabili del comportamento esteriore che avete, si chiama sila, mentre samadhi è caratterizzato dalla saldezza della consapevolezza, a sua volta derivato dalla ferma concentrazione nella pratica di sila. Queste sono le caratteristiche di samadhi, come fattore esterno della pratica. Ma vi è un lato più profondo e interiore.

Una volta che la mente sia concentrata nella pratica e che sila e samadhi si siano stabilizzati, sarete in grado di investigare e riflettere su ciò che è salutare e ciò che non lo è, chiedendo a voi stessi “questo è giusto? O non è giusto?”, man mano che sperimentate i vari contenuti mentali. Quando la mente entra in contatto con cose visive, con suoni, odori, gusti, con sensazioni tattili o con idee, ‘colui che conosce’ apparirà e stabilirà la consapevolezza del piacere e dispiacere, della felicità e della sofferenza, e di tutti gli oggetti mentali che si vanno sperimentando. Riuscirete finalmente a ‘vedere’ chiaramente e osserverete un’infinità di cose diverse.

Se siete consapevoli, vedrete i vari oggetti che passano nella mente e la reazione che accompagna l’esperienza di essi. ‘Colui che conosce’ li prenderà automaticamente come oggetti di contemplazione. Quando la mente è vigile e la consapevolezza ferma e stabile, noterete facilmente le reazioni che si manifestano per mezzo del corpo, della parola o della mente, man mano che si sperimentano questi oggetti mentali. Tale aspetto della mente che identifica e seleziona il buono dal cattivo, il giusto dallo sbagliato, in mezzo agli oggetti mentali che rientrano nel campo della consapevolezza, è pañña, una pañña allo stadio iniziale, che maturerà con l’avanzare della pratica. Tutti questi vari aspetti della pratica sorgono dall’interno della mente. Il Buddha si riferì a queste caratteristiche chiamandole sila, samadhi e pañña.

Continuando la pratica, vedrete sorgere nella mente altri attaccamenti e illusioni. Questo significa che ora state attaccandovi a ciò che è buono e sano. Diventate timorosi di ogni caduta o errore della mente, temendo che il samadhi ne risenta. Nello stesso tempo cominciate ad essere diligenti nella pratica, ad amarla e a coltivarla, lavorandovi con grande energia.

Continuate a praticare così il più a lungo possibile, fino a quando forse raggiungerete il punto in cui non farete altro che giudicare e trovare errori in chiunque incontrate, ovunque andiate. Reagite continuamente con attrazione o avversione al mondo che vi circonda, diventando sempre più incerti sulla correttezza di ciò che fate. E’ come se foste ossessionati dalla pratica. Ma non preoccupatevene; a questo punto è meglio praticare troppo che troppo poco. Praticate molto e dedicatevi a sorvegliare il corpo, la parola e la mente. Di questo esercizio non ne farete mai abbastanza. Tenetevi ancorati agli oggetti mentali rappresentati dalla consapevolezza e dal controllo sul corpo, sulla parola e sulla mente, e dalla discriminazione tra giusto e sbagliato. In questo modo svilupperete sempre più la concentrazione e rimanendo costantemente e fermamente ancorati a questo modo di praticare, la mente diventerà essa stessa sila, samadhi e pañña, le caratteristiche della pratica come descritte negli insegnamenti tradizionali.

Man mano che continuate a sviluppare la pratica, queste differenti caratteristiche e qualità, si perfezioneranno nella mente. Tuttavia la pratica di sila, samadhi pañña, a questo livello non è sufficiente per produrre i fattori di jhana (assorbimento meditativo) – la pratica è ancora troppo grossolana. Eppure la mente è abbastanza raffinata (sempre relativamente alla grossolanità di base!). E tale appare a una normale persona non illuminata, che non abbia curato troppo la propria mente e che non abbia praticato la meditazione e la consapevolezza.

A questo livello si può sentire un certo senso di soddisfazione per riuscire a praticare al massimo delle proprie possibilità e lo vedrete da soli. E’ qualcosa che solo il praticante può sperimentare all’interno della propria mente. E se questo avviene, potete ritenervi già sulla giusta via. State camminando solo all’inizio del sentiero – ai livelli più elementari – ma, per certi versi, questi sono gli stadi più difficili. State praticando sila, samadhi e pañña e dovete continuare a praticarli sempre tutti e tre, poiché se ne manca anche solo uno, la pratica non si svilupperà in modo corretto. Più cresce sila, più solida e concentrata diviene la mente. Più la mente è stabile più consistente diventa pañña, e così via; ogni parte della pratica sostiene e si collega all’altra.

Man mano che approfondite e raffinate la pratica, sila, samadhi paññamatureranno insieme sgorgando dalla stessa fonte, come infatti si sono raffinate sbozzandosi dallo stesso materiale grezzo. In altre parole, il Sentiero ha inizi grossolani, ma raffinando ed esercitando la mente con la meditazione e la riflessione, tutto diventa via via più raffinato.

Quando la mente è più raffinata, la pratica della consapevolezza si focalizza meglio, poiché è concentrata su un’area più ristretta. Anzi, la pratica diventa molto più facile, quando la mente si concentra sempre di più su se stessa. Ormai non fate più grossi sbagli, ormai, quando la mente è presa in qualche problema, quando sorgono dubbi se è giusto o no agire o dire certe cose, semplicemente fermate la proliferazione mentale e, intensificando gli sforzi nella pratica, continuate a volgere l’attenzione sempre più in profondità in voi stessi. Così la pratica del samadhi diverrà vieppiù ferma e concentrata, mentre la pratica di pañña si rafforza, permettendo di vedere le cose più chiaramente e più naturalmente.

Il risultato è che potrete vedere la mente e i suoi oggetti nitidamente, senza dover fare distinzione fra mente, corpo e parola. Continuando a volgere l’attenzione all’interno di sé e continuando a riflettere sul Dhamma, la facoltà della saggezza gradualmente maturerà fino al punto che potrete contemplare la mente e gli oggetti mentali soltanto, ciò significa che state cominciando a sperimentare il corpo come immateriale. Quando l’intuizione è così sviluppata, non andrete più a tentoni, incerti su come interpretare il corpo e il suo modo di essere. La mente sperimenterà le caratteristiche fisiche del corpo come oggetti senza forma con cui essa entra in contatto. Infine, contemplerete solo la mente e gli oggetti mentali, cioè quegli oggetti che arrivano a livello di coscienza.

Esaminando ora la vera natura della mente, osserverete che, nel suo stato naturale, non ha preoccupazioni o ambizioni che la sommergano. E’ come una bandiera che sia stata legata all’estremità di un’asta; se niente la muove rimarrà così, tranquilla. E se si muove significa che c’è del vento, una forza esterna che la fa agitare. Allo stato naturale, la mente fa lo stesso – in essa non vi è né amore né odio, né disapprovazione. Essa è indipendente, in uno stato di purezza che è completamente chiaro, raggiante, non offuscato. Nel suo stato puro la mente è pacifica, senza felicità o sofferenza, – in effetti non sperimenta nessun vedana(sensazione). E’ questo il vero stato della mente.

Lo scopo della pratica, quindi, è guardarsi internamente, cercando e investigando fino a quando troverete la mente originale. La mente originale è detta anche la mente pura. La mente pura è la mente senza attaccamenti. E’ in uno stato di perenne conoscenza e attenzione, completamente consapevole di ciò che sta sperimentando. Quando la mente è così non vi sono oggetti mentali piacevoli o spiacevoli che la possano turbare, non li insegue. La mente non ‘diventa’ nulla. In altre parole, nulla può scuoterla. La mente conosce se stessa come purezza. Si è evoluta verso una vera, completa indipendenza; ha raggiunto il suo stato originale.

E come ha potuto raggiungere questo stato originale? Attraverso la facoltà della consapevolezza, riflettendo con saggezza e vedendo che tutte le cose sono solo condizioni che sorgono dal mutuo interagire degli elementi, senza che vi sia nessuno che li controlli. E così capita anche quando sperimentiamo la gioia e la sofferenza. Questi stati mentali sono solo “felicità” e “sofferenza”. Non vi è qualcuno che ‘ha’ la felicità, la mente non ‘possiede’ la sofferenza; gli stati mentali non ‘appartengono’ alla mente. Osservatelo voi stessi. In effetti, queste sono cose che non riguardano la mente, sono separate, distinte da essa. La felicità è solo uno stato di felicità; la sofferenza è solo uno stato di sofferenza. Voi siete solo coloro che sanno questo.

In passato, a causa delle radici dell’avidità, dell’odio e dell’illusione presenti nella mente, essa avrebbe reagito immediatamente quando entravate in contatto con qualcosa di piacevole o spiacevole, e attraverso questa reazione vi sareste ‘impadroniti’ di quell’oggetto mentale, sperimentandolo come sofferenza o gioia. E così potrà avvenire ancora fino a quando la mente non conoscerà se stessa, fino a quando non sarà chiara e illuminata. Quando la mente non è libera, si lascia influenzare da qualsiasi oggetto mentale le capiti di sperimentare. In altre parole, non ha un rifugio, è incapace di dipendere veramente da se stessa. In questa situazione, quando ricevete una piacevole impressione mentale diventate allegri o diventate tristi quando l’oggetto mentale è spiacevole. Così la mente dimentica se stessa.

La mente originale, invece, è al di là del bene e del male, poiché questa è la natura originale della mente. E’ un’illusione essere felici per aver sperimentato un oggetto mentale piacevole. E’ un’illusione essere tristi per aver sperimentato un oggetto mentale spiacevole. Gli oggetti mentali sorgono con il mondo, sono il mondo. Danno l’avvio alla felicità e alla sofferenza, al bene e al male, e a tutto ciò che è soggetto all’impermanenza e all’incertezza. Quando vi separate dalla mente originale, tutto diventa incerto: solo una catena interminabile di nascita e morte, dubbi e apprensioni, sofferenza e fatica, senza la possibilità di fermare, di far cessare tutto ciò. E’ questa la ruota eterna delle rinascite.

Samadhi significa la mente fermamente concentrata, e più praticate più la mente diventa stabile. Più la mente è concentrata, più essa diventa risoluta nella pratica. Più contemplate, più diventate fiduciosi e la mente diventerà così stabile che non potrà più essere smossa da nulla. Sapete perfettamente che nessun oggetto mentale la può scuotere. Gli oggetti mentali sono oggetti mentali; la mente è la mente. La mente sperimenta stati mentali buoni o cattivi, felicità e sofferenza, perché viene illusa dagli oggetti mentali. La mente che non si fa ingannare non può essere turbata da nulla, poiché nello stato di consapevolezza, vede tutte le cose come elementi naturali che sorgono e scompaiono: solo questo! Si può avere questo tipo di esperienza anche quando non si è riusciti a lasciar andare completamente.

Semplificando, lo stato che è sorto, è la mente stessa. Se contemplate seguendo la verità delle cose così come sono, vi accorgerete che esiste un solo sentiero e che è vostro dovere seguirlo. Significa che sapete, fin dall’inizio, che gli stati mentali di felicità e dolore non sono il sentiero da seguire. E’ qualcosa che dovete capire da soli: è la verità delle cose così come sono! Siete in grado di capire tutto ciò – siete consapevoli con la giusta visione delle cose – ma allo stesso tempo non siete in grado di lasciar andare completamente i vostri attaccamenti.

Qual è allora il modo giusto di praticare? State nella via di mezzo, che vuol dire prendere nota dei vari stati di gioia e dolore, ma contemporaneamente teneteli a debita distanza sia da un’esagerazione che dall’altra. Questa è la via corretta di praticare: mantenere la consapevolezza anche se non siete in grado di lasciar andare. E’ la via più giusta, poiché, anche se la mente è aggrappata ai vari stati di gioia o sofferenza, vi è sempre la consapevolezza di questo attaccamento. Ciò significa che quando la mente si attacca a stati di felicità, voi non le date importanza e non ne gioite e altrettanto non criticate gli stati di sofferenza. In questo modo potete veramente osservare la mente così com’è. Quando praticate fino al punto di portare la mente oltre la gioia e l’infelicità, automaticamente sorgerà l’equanimità, e voi non dovrete fare altro che contemplarla come un oggetto mentale e seguirla, pian pianino. Il cuore sa dove andare per essere oltre le negatività, e anche se non è ancora pronto a trascenderle, le mette da parte e continua a praticare.

Quando sorge la felicità e la mente vi si attacca, prendete proprio questa felicità come oggetto di contemplazione; lo stesso, se la mente si attacca all’infelicità, prendete questa infelicità come oggetto di contemplazione. Finalmente la mente raggiungerà uno stadio in cui sarà pienamente consapevole sia della felicità che dell’infelicità. E questo accadrà quando sarà in grado di mettere da parte sia la felicità che la sofferenza, sia il piacere che la tristezza, quando sarà in grado di mettere da parte il mondo per diventare allora il ‘conoscitore dei mondi’. Una volta che la mente ‘colei che conosce’ – può lasciar andare, è qui che si stabilizzerà ed allora la pratica diventa veramente interessante.

Ogni volta che vi è attaccamento nella mente, continuate a battere su quel punto, senza lasciar andare. Se c’è attaccamento alla felicità, continuate a meditarvi sopra, senza permettere che la mente si allontani da quello stato d’animo. Se la mente si attacca alla sofferenza, afferratevi a ciò, tenendovi ben stretti e contemplando subito quella disposizione d’animo. Anche se la mente è intrappolata in uno stato mentale negativo, riconoscetelo come uno stato d’animo negativo e la mente non ne sarà più distratta. E’ come quando si capita in un cespuglio di rovi; ovviamente non lo fate appositamente, anzi cercate di evitarlo, ma può capitare che vi troviate a camminare tra le spine. E come vi sentite allora? Naturalmente provate avversione. Anche se lo sapete, non potete fare a meno di essere ‘in mezzo alle spine’. La mente continua ancora a inseguire i vari stati di felicità e sofferenza, ma non indulge in essi. Il vostro è un continuo sforzo per eliminare ogni attaccamento dalla mente, per eliminare e per ripulire la mente da tutto ciò che è esteriore, mondano.

Alcuni vogliono pacificare la mente, ma essi stessi non sanno che cos’è la pace. Non sanno che cos’è una mente tranquilla! Vi sono due tipi di tranquillità mentale: uno è la pace che viene per mezzo del samadhi,l’altro è la pace che viene da pañña. La mente che è calma per mezzo disamadhi è una mente ancora in preda all’illusione. La pace che si raggiunge per mezzo del solo samadhi, dipende dal fatto che la mente è separata dagli oggetti mentali. Quando non sperimenta alcun oggetto mentale, allora è calma, e perciò uno si attacca alla felicità collegata a questa pace. Tuttavia, quando c’è il contatto con i sensi, la mente vi si precipita dentro subito, poiché ha paura degli oggetti mentali. Ha paura della felicità e della sofferenza; ha paura della lode e della critica, ha paura delle forme, dei suoni, degli odori e dei gusti. Chi ha la pace per mezzo di samadhi ha paura di tutto e non vuole essere coinvolto in niente e con nessuno. La gente che pratica samadhi in questo modo, vorrebbe isolarsi in una grotta, dove può sperimentare in pieno la beatitudine delsamadhi, senza mai doverne uscire fuori. Appena trovano un posto isolato, vi si intrufolano e vi si nascondono.

Questo tipo di samadhi porta con sé molta sofferenza: per loro è difficile uscirne fuori e avvicinarsi agli altri. Non vogliono vedere forme o udire suoni. Non vogliono sperimentare completamente nulla! Devono vivere in appositi luoghi particolarmente tranquilli, dove nessuno possa disturbarli con la presenza o con le parole.

Questo tipo di pace non è utile allo scopo. Quando avete raggiunto un normale livello di calma, allontanatevene. Il Buddha non ci ha insegnato a praticare samadhi nell’illusione. Se vi accorgete di praticare in questa maniera, smettete subito. Se la mente ha raggiunto la calma, usate questa calma come base di contemplazione. Contemplate la pace della concentrazione e usatela per collegare la mente con i vari oggetti mentali che sperimenta, riflettendoci poi sopra. Contemplate le tre caratteristiche di aniccam (impermanenza), dukkham (sofferenza) e anatta (non-sé). Riflettete e quando avrete contemplato abbastanza, potete ristabilire senza pericolo la calma del samadhi, sedendo in meditazione e poi, una volta riottenuta la calma, riprendete la contemplazione. Man mano che acquistate conoscenza, usatela per combattere le negatività e allenare la mente.

La pace che viene per mezzo di pañña è un’altra cosa, perché quando la mente lascia lo stato di calma, la presenza di pañña la salva dal timore per le forme, i suoni, gli odori, i gusti, le sensazioni tattili e le idee. Vuol dire che ogni volta che c’è un contatto sensoriale, la mente è subito consapevole dell’oggetto mentale e lo lascia perdere – la consapevolezza è abbastanza acuta per poterlo fare immediatamente. Questa è la pace che arriva per mezzo di pañña.

Quando praticate in questo modo, la mente diventa molto più raffinata di quando sviluppavate solo samadhi. La mente diventa potentissima e non cerca più di scappare. E’ questa energia che allontana ogni timore. Prima avevate paura di ogni esperienza, ma ora conoscete gli oggetti mentali per quello che sono e non ne siete quindi più spaventati. Conoscete la vostra stessa forza mentale e non ne siete più intimoriti. Quando vedete una forma, la contemplate; quando udite un suono, lo contemplate. Diventate abili nella contemplazione degli oggetti mentali e comunque essi siano, li potete lasciar andare. Vedete chiaramente la felicità e la lasciate andare. Qualsiasi cosa vediate, la lasciate subito andare. In tal modo tutti gli oggetti mentali perdono la loro forza e non possono più trascinarvi con loro. Quando sorgono queste caratteristiche nella mente del praticante, si può cambiare il nome della pratica, chiamandola vipassana, che significa chiara conoscenza in accordo con la verità. E’ tutto qui: conoscenza in accordo con la verità sulle cose così come sono. Questa è pace al più alto livello, la pace di vipassana.

Il vero scopo della pratica, quindi, non è sviluppare samadhi, sedendosi in meditazione e aggrappandosi a quello stato di beatitudine che procura. Dovete anzi evitare questo stato. Il Buddha ha detto che dovete combattere apertamente la vostra battaglia, non nascondervi in una trincea cercando di evitare le pallottole del nemico. Quando è il momento di lottare, dovete saltar fuori con le armi in pugno, dovete per forza uscire dal nascondiglio. Non potete più stare lì a poltrire quando è tempo di battaglia. Questa è la pratica. Non dovete permettere che la mente si nasconda, acquattandosi nell’ombra.

Ho spiegato la pratica a grandi linee, affinché non abbiate ad impantanarvi nel dubbio, affinché non vi siano esitazioni sul modo di praticare. Quando c’è la felicità, osservate quella felicità; quando c’è la sofferenza, osservate quella sofferenza. E così stabilizzati nella consapevolezza, provate a lasciarle andare entrambe, a metterle da parte. Ora che le avete osservate e quindi le conoscete, continuate a lasciarle andare. Non è importante che meditiate seduti o camminando, se continuate a pensare non fa niente. La cosa importante è essere sempre e continuamente consapevoli della propria mente. Se vi trovate invischiati in troppe proliferazioni mentali, raccoglietele tutte insieme, e contemplatele come se fossero un tutt’uno. Ne taglierete l’energia alla radice dicendo: “Tutti questi pensieri, queste idee e immaginazioni sono semplicemente delle proliferazioni mentali e basta. Tutto ciò è aniccam, dukkham anatta. In nessuno di loro risiede la certezza”. E poi lasciatele subito perdere.

© Ass. Santacittarama (& Wat Nong Pah Pong), 2006. Tutti i diritti sono riservati. SOLTANTO PER DISTRIBUZIONE
GRATUITA. 
On the Road to PeaceThe battles in the worldDo everything with a mind that knows how to let go.
Do not expect any reward or prize.
If you let go a little, you’ll have a little peace.
If you let go completely, you will know complete freedom andpeace.
Your battles with the world come to an end.

Achaan Chah

Peace is every step

Peace is every step.
The shining red sun is my heart.
Each flower smiles with me.
Rigloglio how green all around!
How cool the wind blowing!
Peace is every step.
It is the joyful endless path.

Peace is every step – Thich Nhat Hanh

The Path to Peace

Today I will give a teaching particularly for you as monks and novices, so please determine your hearts and minds to listen. There is nothing else for us to talk about other than the practice of the DhammaVinaya (Truth and Discipline).

Every one of you should clearly understand that now you have been ordained as Buddhist monks and novices and should be conducting yourselves appropriately. We have all experienced the lay life, which is characterised by confusion and a lack of formal Dhamma practice; now, having taken up the form of a Buddhistsamana1, some fundamental changes have to take place in our minds so that we differ from lay people in the way we think. We must try to make all of our speech and actions – eating and drinking, moving around, coming and going – befitting for one who has been ordained as a spiritual seeker, who the Buddha referred to as a samana. What he meant was someone who is calm and restrained. Formerly, as lay people, we didn’t understand what it meant to be a samana, that sense of peacefulness and restraint. We gave full license to our bodies and minds to have fun and games under the influence of craving and defilement. When we experienced pleasant ārammana2, these would put us into a good mood, unpleasant mind-objects would put us into a bad one – this is the way it is when we are caught in the power of mind-objects. The Buddha said that those who are still under the sway of mind-objects aren’t looking after themselves. They are without a refuge, a true abiding place, and so they let their minds follow moods of sensual indulgence and pleasure-seeking and get caught into suffering, sorrow, lamentation, pain, grief and despair. They don’t know how or when to stop and reflect upon their experience.

In Buddhism, once we have received ordination and taken up the life of the samana, we have to adjust our physical appearance in accordance with the external form of the samana: we shave our heads, trim our nails and don the brown bhikkhus’3 robes – the banner of the Noble Ones, the Buddha and the Arahants4. We are indebted to the Buddha for the wholesome foundations he established and handed down to us, which allow us to live as monks and find adequate support. Our lodgings were built and offered as a result of the wholesome actions of those with faith in the Buddha and His teachings. We do not have to prepare our food because we are benefiting from the roots laid down by the Buddha. Similarly, we have inherited the medicines, robes and all the other requisites that we use from the Buddha. Once ordained as Buddhist monastics, on the conventional level we are called monks and given the title ‘Venerable’5; but simply having taken on the external appearance of monks does not make us truly venerable. Being monks on the conventional level means we are monks as far as our physical appearance goes. Simply by shaving our heads and putting on brown robes we are called ‘Venerable’, but that which is truly worthy of veneration has not yet arisen within us – we are still only ‘Venerable’ in name. It’s the same as when they mould cement or cast brass into a Buddha image: they call it a Buddha, but it isn’t really that. It’s just metal, wood, wax or stone. That’s the way conventional reality is.

It’s the same for us. Once we have been ordained, we are given the title Venerable Bhikkhu, but that alone doesn’t make us venerable. On the level of ultimate reality – in other words, in the mind – the term still doesn’t apply. Our minds and hearts have still not been fully perfected through the practice with such qualities as mettā (kindness), karunā (compassion), muditā (sympathetic joy) and upekkhā (equanimity). We haven’t reached full purity within. Greed, hatred and delusion are still barring the way, not allowing that which is worthy of veneration to arise.

Our practice is to begin destroying greed, hatred and delusion – defilements which for the most part can be found within each and every one of us. These are what hold us in the round of becoming and birth and prevent us from achieving peace of mind. Greed, hatred and delusion prevent the samana – peacefulness – from arising within us. As long as this peace does not arise, we are still not samana; in other words, our hearts have not experienced the peace that is free from the influence of greed, hatred and delusion. This is why we practise – with the intention of expunging greed, hatred and delusion from our hearts. It is only when these defilements have been removed that we can reach purity, that which is truly venerable.

Internalising that which is venerable within your heart doesn’t involve working only with the mind, but your body and speech as well. They have to work together. Before you can practise with your body and speech, you must be practising with your mind. However, if you simply practise with the mind, neglecting body and speech, that won’t work either. They are inseparable. Practising with the mind until it’s smooth, refined and beautiful is similar to producing a finished wooden pillar or plank: before you can obtain a pillar that is smooth, varnished and attractive, you must first go and cut a tree down. Then you must cut off the rough parts – the roots and branches – before you split it, saw it and work it. Practising with the mind is the same as working with the tree, you have to work with the coarse things first. You have to destroy the rough parts: destroy the roots, destroy the bark and everything which is unattractive, in order to obtain that which is attractive and pleasing to the eye. You have to work through the rough to reach the smooth. Dhamma practice is just the same. You aim to pacify and purify the mind, but it’s difficult to do. You have to begin practising with externals – body and speech – working your way inwards until you reach that which is smooth, shining and beautiful. You can compare it with a finished piece of furniture, such as these tables and chairs. They may be attractive now, but once they were just rough bits of wood with branches and leaves, which had to be planed and worked with. This is the way you obtain furniture that is beautiful or a mind that is perfect and pure.

Therefore the right path to peace, the path the Buddha laid down, which leads to peace of mind and the pacification of the defilements, is sīla (moral restraint), samādhi (concentration) andpaññā (wisdom). This is the path of practice. It is the path that leads you to purity and leads you to realise and embody the qualities of the samana. It is the way to the complete abandonment of greed, hatred and delusion. The practice does not differ from this whether you view it internally or externally.

This way of training and maturing the mind – which involves the chanting, the meditation, the Dhamma talks and all the other parts of the practice – forces you to go against the grain of the defilements. You have to go against the tendencies of the mind, because normally we like to take things easy, to be lazy and avoid anything which causes us friction or involves suffering and difficulty. The mind simply doesn’t want to make the effort or get involved. This is why you have to be ready to endure hardship and bring forth effort in the practice. You have to use the dhammaof endurance and really struggle. Previously your bodies were simply vehicles for having fun, and having built up all sorts of unskilful habits it’s difficult for you to start practising with them. Before, you didn’t restrain your speech, so now it’s hard to start restraining it. But as with that wood, it doesn’t matter how troublesome or hard it seems: before you can make it into tables and chairs, you have to encounter some difficulty. That’s not the important thing; it’s just something you have to experience along the way. You have to work through the rough wood to produce the finished pieces of furniture.

The Buddha taught that this is the way the practice is for all of us. All of his disciples who had finished their work and become fully enlightened, had, (when they first came to take ordination and practise with him) previously been puthujjana (ordinary worldlings). They had all been ordinary unenlightened beings like ourselves, with arms and legs, eyes and ears, greed and anger – just the same as us. They didn’t have any special characteristics that made them particularly different from us. This was how both the Buddha and his disciples had been in the beginning. They practised and brought forth enlightenment from the unenlightened, beauty from the ugliness and great benefit from that which was virtually useless. This work has continued through successive generations right up to the present day. It is the children of ordinary people – farmers, traders and businessmen – who, having previously been entangled in the sensual pleasures of the world, go forth to take ordination. Those monks at the time of the Buddha were able to practise and train themselves, and you must understand that you have the same potential. You are made up of the five khandhas6 (aggregates), just the same. You also have a body, pleasant and unpleasant feelings, memory and perception, thought formations and consciousness – as well as a wandering and proliferating mind. You can be aware of good and evil. Everything’s just the same. In the end, that combination of physical and mental phenomena present in each of you, as separate individuals, differs little from that found in those monastics who practised and became enlightened under the Buddha. They had all started out as ordinary, unenlightened beings. Some had even been gangsters and delinquents, while others were from good backgrounds. They were no different from us. The Buddha inspired them to go forth and practise for the attainment of magga (the Noble Path) and phala (Fruition)7, and these days, in similar fashion, people like yourselves are inspired to take up the practice of sīlasamādhi and paññā.

Sīlasamādhi and paññā are the names given to the different aspects of the practice. When you practise sīlasamādhi and paññā, it means you practise with yourselves. Right practice takes place here within you. Right sīla exists here, right samādhi exists here. Why? Because your body is right here. The practice of sīla involves every part of the body. The Buddha taught us to be careful of all our physical actions. Your body exists here! You have hands, you have legs right here. This is where you practise sīla. Whether your actions will be in accordance with sīla and Dhamma depends on how you train your body. Practising with your speech means being aware of the things you say. It includes avoiding wrong kinds of speech, namely divisive speech, coarse speech and unnecessary or frivolous speech. Wrong bodily actions include killing living beings, stealing and sexual misconduct.

It’s easy to reel off the list of wrong kinds of behaviour as found in the books, but the important thing to understand is that the potential for them all lies within us. Your body and speech are with you right here and now. You practise moral restraint, which means taking care to avoid the unskilful actions of killing, stealing and sexual misconduct. The Buddha taught us to take care with our actions from the very coarsest level. In the lay life you might not have had very refined moral conduct and frequently transgressed the precepts. For instance, in the past you may have killed animals or insects by smashing them with an axe or a fist, or perhaps you didn’t take much care with your speech: false speech means lying or exaggerating the truth; coarse speech means you are constantly being abusive or rude to others – ‘you scum,’ ‘you idiot,’ and so on; frivolous speech means aimless chatter, foolishly rambling on without purpose or substance. We’ve indulged in it all. No restraint! In short, keeping sīla means watching over yourself, watching over your actions and speech.

So who will do the watching over? Who will take responsibility for your actions? When you kill some animal, who is the one who knows? Is your hand the one who knows, or is it someone else? When you steal someone else’s property, who is aware of the act? Is your hand the one who knows? This is where you have to develop awareness. Before you commit some act of sexual misconduct, where is your awareness? Is your body the one who knows? Who is the one who knows before you lie, swear or say something frivolous? Is your mouth aware of what it says, or is the one who knows in the words themselves? Contemplate this: whoever it is who knows is the one who has to take responsibility for your sīla. Bring that awareness to watch over your actions and speech. That knowing, that awareness is what you use to watch over your practice. To keep sīla, you use that part of the mind which directs your actions and which leads you to do good and bad. You catch the villain and transform him into a sheriff or a mayor. Take hold of the wayward mind and bring it to serve and take responsibility for all your actions and speech. Look at this and contemplate it. The Buddha taught us to take care with our actions. Who is it who does the taking care? The body doesn’t know anything; it just stands, walks around and so on. The hands are the same; they don’t know anything. Before they touch or take hold of anything, there has to be someone who gives them orders. As they pick things up and put them down there has to be someone telling them what to do. The hands themselves aren’t aware of anything; there has to be someone giving them orders. The mouth is the same – whatever it says, whether it tells the truth or lies, is rude or divisive, there must be someone telling it what to say.

The practice involves establishing sati, mindfulness, within this ‘one who knows.’ The ‘one who knows’ is that intention of mind, which previously motivated us to kill living beings, steal other people’s property, indulge in illicit sex, lie, slander, say foolish and frivolous things and engage in all the kinds of unrestrained behaviour. The ‘one who knows’ led us to speak. It exists within the mind. Focus your mindfulness or sati – that constant recollectedness – on this ‘one who knows.’ Let the knowing look after your practice.

In practice, the most basic guidelines for moral conduct stipulated by the Buddha were: to kill is evil, a transgression of sīla; stealing is a transgression; sexual misconduct is a transgression; lying is a transgression; vulgar and frivolous speech are all transgressions of sīla. You commit all this to memory. It’s the code of moral discipline, as laid down by the Buddha, which encourages you to be careful of that one inside of you who was responsible for previous transgressions of the moral precepts. That one, who was responsible for giving the orders to kill or hurt others, to steal, to have illicit sex, to say untrue or unskilful things and to be unrestrained in all sorts of ways – singing and dancing, partying and fooling around. The one who was giving the orders to indulge in all these sorts of behaviour is the one you bring to look after the mind. Use sati or awareness to keep the mind recollecting in the present moment and maintain mental composure in this way. Make the mind look after itself. Do it well.

If the mind is really able to look after itself, it is not so difficult to guard speech and actions, since they are all supervised by the mind. Keeping sīla – in other words taking care of your actions and speech – is not such a difficult thing. You sustain awareness at every moment and in every posture, whether standing, walking, sitting or lying down. Before you perform any action, speak or engage in conversation, establish awareness first – don’t act or speak first, establish mindfulness first and then act or speak. You must have sati, be recollecting, before you do anything. It doesn’t matter what you are going to say, you must first be recollecting in the mind. Practise like this until you are fluent. Practise so that you can keep abreast of what’s going on in the mind; to the point where mindfulness becomes effortless and you are mindful before you act, mindful before you speak. This is the way you establish mindfulness in the heart. It is with the ‘one who knows’ that you look after yourself, because all your actions spring from here.

This is where the intentions for all your actions originate and this is why the practice won’t work if you try to bring in someone else to do the job. The mind has to look after itself; if it can’t take care of itself, nothing else can. This is why the Buddha taught that keeping sīla is not that difficult, because it simply means looking after your own mind. If mindfulness is fully established, whenever you say or do something harmful to yourself or others, you will know straight away. You know that which is right and that which is wrong. This is the way you keep sīla. You practise with your body and speech from the most basic level.

By guarding your speech and actions they become graceful and pleasing to the eye and ear, while you yourself remain comfortable and at ease within the restraint. All your behaviour, manners, movements and speech become beautiful, because you are taking care to reflect upon, adjust and correct your behaviour. You can compare this with your dwelling place or the meditation hall. If you are regularly cleaning and looking after your dwelling place, then both the interior and the area around it will be pleasant to look at, rather than a messy eyesore. This is because there is someone looking after it. Your actions and speech are similar. If you are taking care with them, they become beautiful, and that which is evil or dirty will be prevented from arising.

Ādikalyānamajjhekalyānapariyosānakalyāna: beautiful in the beginning, beautiful in the middle and beautiful in the end; or harmonious in the beginning, harmonious in the middle and harmonious in the end. What does that mean? Precisely that the practice of sīlasamādhi and paññā is beautiful. The practice is beautiful in the beginning. If the beginning is beautiful, it follows that the middle will be beautiful. If you practise mindfulness and restraint until it becomes comfortable and natural to you – so that there is a constant vigilance – the mind will become firm and resolute in the practise of sīla and restraint. It will be consistently paying attention to the practice and thus become concentrated. That characteristic of being firm and unshakeable in the monastic form and discipline and unwavering in the practice of mindfulness and restraint can be referred to as ‘samādhi.’

That aspect of the practice characterised by a continuous restraint, where you are consistently taking care with your actions and speech and taking responsibility for all your external behaviour, is referred to as sīla. The characteristic of being unwavering in the practice of mindfulness and restraint is calledsamādhi. The mind is firmly concentrated in this practice of sīlaand restraint. Being firmly concentrated in the practice of sīlameans that there is an evenness and consistency to the practice of mindfulness and restraint. These are the characteristics of samādhias an external factor in the practice, used in keeping sīla. However, it also has an inner, deeper side to it. It is essential that you develop and maintain sīla and samādhi from the beginning – you have to do this before anything else.

Once the mind has an intentness in the practice and sīla andsamādhi are firmly established, you will be able to investigate and reflect on that which is wholesome and unwholesome – asking yourself… ‘Is this right?’… ‘Is that wrong?’ – as you experience different mind-objects. When the mind makes contact with different sights, sounds, smells, tastes, tactile sensations or ideas, the ‘one who knows’ will arise and establish awareness of liking and disliking, happiness and suffering and the different kinds of mind-objects that you experience. You will come to see clearly, and see many different things.

If you are mindful, you will see the different objects which pass into the mind and the reaction which takes place upon experiencing them. The ‘one who will automatically take them up as objects for contemplation. Once the mind is vigilant and mindfulness is firmly established, you will note all the reactions displayed through either body, speech or mind, as mind-objects are experienced. That aspect of the mind which identifies and selects the good from the bad, the right from the wrong, from amongst all the mind-objects within your field of awareness, ispaññā. This is paññā in its initial stages and it matures as a result of the practice. All these different aspects of the practice arise from within the mind. The Buddha referred to these characteristics assīlasamādhi and paññā. This is the way they are, as practised in the beginning.

As you continue the practice, fresh attachments and new kinds of delusion begin to arise in the mind. This means you start clinging to that which is good or wholesome. You become fearful of any blemishes or faults in the mind – anxious that your samādhiwill be harmed by them. At the same time you begin to be diligent and hard working, and to love and nurture the practice. Whenever the mind makes contact with mind-objects, you become fearful and tense. You become aware of other people’s faults as well, even the slightest things they do wrong. It’s because you are concerned for your practice. This is practising sīlasamādhi and paññā on one level – on the outside – based on the fact that you have established your views in accordance with the form and foundations of practice laid down by the Buddha. Indeed, these are the roots of the practice and it is essential to have them established in the mind.

You continue to practise like this as much as possible, until you might even reach the point where you are constantly judging and picking fault with everyone you meet, wherever you go. You are constantly reacting with attraction and aversion to the world around you, becoming full of all kinds of uncertainty and continually attaching to views of the right and wrong way to practise. It’s as if you have become obsessed with the practice. But you don’t have to worry about this yet – at that point it’s better to practise too much than too little. Practise a lot and dedicate yourself to looking after body, speech and mind. You can never really do too much of this. This is said to be practising sīla on one level; in fact, sīlasamādhi and paññā are all in there together.

If you were to describe the practice of sīla at this stage, in terms of pāramī8 (spiritual perfections), it would be dāna pāramī (the spiritual perfection of giving), or sīla pāramī (the spiritual perfection of moral restraint). This is the practice on one level. Having developed this much, you can go deeper in the practice to the more profound level of dāna upapāramī9 and sīla upapāramī. These arise out of the same spiritual qualities, but the mind is practising on a more refined level. You simply concentrate and focus your efforts to obtain the refined from the coarse.

Once you have gained this foundation in your practice, there will be a strong sense of shame and fear of wrong-doing established in the heart. Whatever the time or place – in public or in private – this fear of wrong doing will always be in the mind. You become really afraid of any wrong doing. This is a quality of mind that you maintain throughout every aspect of the practice. The practice of mindfulness and restraint with body, speech and mind and the consistent distinguishing between right and wrong is what you hold as the object of mind. You become concentrated in this way and by firmly and unshakeably attaching to this way of practice, it means the mind actually becomes sīlasamādhi and paññā – the characteristics of the practice as described in the conventional teachings.

As you continue to develop and maintain the practice, these different characteristics and qualities are perfected together in the mind. However, practising sīlasamādhi and paññā at this level is still not enough to produce the factors of jhāna10 (meditative absorption) – the practice is still too coarse. Still, the mind is already quite refined – on the refined side of coarse! For an ordinary unenlightened person who has not been looking after the mind or practised much meditation and mindfulness, just this much is already something quite refined. It’s like a poor person – owning two or three pounds can mean a lot, though for a millionaire it’s almost nothing. This is the way it is. A few quid is a lot when you’re down and out and hard up for cash, and in the same way, even though in the early stages of the practice you might still only be able to let go of the coarser defilements, this can still seem quite profound to one who is unenlightened and has never practised or let go of defilements before. At this level, you can feel a sense of satisfaction with being able to practise to the full extent of your ability. This is something you will see for yourself; it’s something that has to be experienced within the mind of the practitioner.

If this is so, it means that you are already on the path, i.e. practising sīlasamādhi and paññā. These must be practised together, for if any are lacking, the practice will not develop correctly. The more your sīla improves, the firmer the mind becomes. The firmer the mind is, the bolder paññā becomes and so on… each part of the practice supporting and enhancing all the others. In the end, because the three aspects of the practice are so closely related to each other, these terms virtually become synonymous. This is characteristic of sammā patipadā (right practice), when you are practising continuously, without relaxing your effort.

If you are practising in this way, it means that you have entered upon the correct path of practice. You are travelling along the very first stages of the path – the coarsest level – which is something quite difficult to sustain. As you deepen and refine the practice,sīlasamādhi and paññā will mature together from the same place – they are refined down from the same raw material. It’s the same as our coconut palms. The coconut palm absorbs the water from the earth and pulls it up through the trunk. By the time the water reaches the coconut itself, it has become clean and sweet, even though it is derived from that plain water in the ground. The coconut palm is nourished by what are essentially the coarse earth and water elements, which it absorbs and purifies, and these are transformed into something far sweeter and purer than before. In the same way, the practice of sīlasamādhi and paññā – in other words Magga – has coarse beginnings, but, as a result of training and refining the mind through meditation and reflection, it becomes increasingly subtle.

As the mind becomes more refined, the practice of mindfulness becomes more focused, being concentrated on a more and more narrow area. The practice actually becomes easier as the mind turns more and more inwards to focus on itself. You no longer make big mistakes or go wildly wrong. Now, whenever the mind is affected by a particular matter, doubts will arise – such as whether acting or speaking in a certain way is right or wrong – you simply keep halting the mental proliferation and, through intensifying effort in the practice, continue turning your attention deeper and deeper inside. The practice of samādhi will become progressively firmer and more concentrated. The practice of paññā is enhanced so that you can see things more clearly and with increasing ease.

The end result is that you are clearly able to see the mind and its objects, without having to make any distinction between the mind, body or speech. You no longer have to separate anything at all – whether you are talking about the mind and the body or the mind and its objects. You see that it is the mind which gives orders to the body. The body has to depend on the mind before it can function. However, the mind itself is constantly subject to different objects contacting and conditioning it before it can have any effect on the body. As you continue to turn attention inwards and reflect on the Dhamma, the wisdom faculty gradually matures, and eventually you are left contemplating the mind and mind-objects – which means that you start to experience the body,rūpadhamma (material), as arūpadhamma (immaterial). Through your insight, you are no longer groping at or uncertain in your understanding of the body and the way it is. The mind experiences the body’s physical characteristics as arūpadhamma – formless objects – which come into contact with the mind. Ultimately, you are contemplating just the mind and mind-objects – those objects which come into your consciousness.

Now, examining the true nature of the mind, you can observe that in its natural state, it has no preoccupations or issues prevailing upon it. It’s like a piece of cloth or a flag that has been tied to the end of a pole. As long as it’s on its own and undisturbed, nothing will happen to it. A leaf on a tree is another example – ordinarily it remains quiet and unperturbed. If it moves or flutters this must be due to the wind, an external force. Normally, nothing much happens to leaves; they remain still. They don’t go looking to get involved with anything or anybody. When they start to move, it must be due to the influence of something external, such as the wind, which makes them swing back and forth. In its natural state, the mind is the same – in it, there exists no loving or hating, nor does it seek to blame other people. It is independent, existing in a state of purity that is truly clear, radiant and untarnished. In its pure state, the mind is peaceful, without happiness or suffering – indeed, not experiencing any vedanā (feeling) at all. This is the true state of the mind.

The purpose of the practice, then, is to seek inwardly, searching and investigating until you reach the original mind. The original mind is also known as the pure mind. The pure mind is the mind without attachment. It doesn’t get affected by mind-objects. In other words, it doesn’t chase after the different kinds of pleasant and unpleasant mind-objects. Rather, the mind is in a state of continuous knowing and wakefulness – thoroughly mindful of all it is experiencing. When the mind is like this, no pleasant or unpleasant mind-objects it experiences will be able to disturb it. The mind doesn’t ‘become’ anything. In other words, nothing can shake it. Why? Because there is awareness. The mind knows itself as pure. It has evolved its own, true independence; it has reached its original state. How is it able to bring this original state into existence? Through the faculty of mindfulness wisely reflecting and seeing that all things are merely conditions arising out of the influence of elements, without any individual being controlling them.

This is how it is with the happiness and suffering we experience. When these mental states arise, they are just ‘happiness’ and ‘suffering’. There is no owner of the happiness. The mind is not the owner of the suffering – mental states do not belong to the mind. Look at it for yourself. In reality these are not affairs of the mind, they are separate and distinct. Happiness is just the state of happiness; suffering is just the state of suffering. You are merely the knower of these. In the past, because the roots of greed, hatred and delusion already existed in the mind, whenever you caught sight of the slightest pleasant or unpleasant mind-object, the mind would react immediately – you would take hold of it and have to experience either happiness or suffering. You would be continuously indulging in states of happiness and suffering. That’s the way it is as long as the mind doesn’t know itself – as long as it’s not bright and illuminated. The mind is not free. It is influenced by whatever mind-objects it experiences. In other words, it is without a refuge, unable to truly depend on itself. You receive a pleasant mental impression and get into a good mood. The mind forgets itself.

In contrast, the original mind is beyond good and bad. This is the original nature of the mind. If you feel happy over experiencing a pleasant mind-object, that is delusion. If you feel unhappy over experiencing an unpleasant mind-object, that is delusion. Unpleasant mind-objects make you suffer and pleasant ones make you happy – this is the world. Mind-objects come with the world. They are the world. They give rise to happiness and suffering, good and evil, and everything that is subject to impermanence and uncertainty. When you separate from the original mind, everything becomes uncertain – there is just unending birth and death, uncertainty and apprehensiveness, suffering and hardship, without any way of halting it or bringing it to cessation. This is vatta (the endless round of rebirth).

Through wise reflection, you can see that you are subject to old habits and conditioning. The mind itself is actually free, but you have to suffer because of your attachments. Take, for example, praise and criticism. Suppose other people say you are stupid: why does that cause you to suffer? It’s because you feel that you are being criticised. You ‘pick up’ this bit of information and fill the mind with it. The act of ‘picking up,’ accumulating and receiving that knowledge without full mindfulness, gives rise to an experience that is like stabbing yourself. This is upādāna(attachment). Once you have been stabbed, there is bhava(becoming). Bhava is the cause for jāti (birth). If you train yourself not to take any notice of or attach importance to some of the things other people say, merely treating them as sounds contacting your ears, there won’t be any strong reaction and you won’t have to suffer, as nothing is created in the mind. It would be like listening to a Cambodian scolding you – you would hear the sound of his speech, but it would be just sound because you wouldn’t understand the meaning of the words. You wouldn’t be aware that you were being told off. The mind wouldn’t receive that information, it would merely hear the sound and remain at ease. If anybody criticised you in a language that you didn’t understand, you would just hear the sound of their voice and remain unperturbed. You wouldn’t absorb the meaning of the words and be hurt over them. Once you have practised with the mind to this point, it becomes easier to know the arising and passing away of consciousness from moment to moment. As you reflect like this, penetrating deeper and deeper inwards, the mind becomes progressively more refined, going beyond the coarser defilements.

Samādhi means the mind that is firmly concentrated, and the more you practise the firmer the mind becomes. The more firmly the mind is concentrated, the more resolute in the practice it becomes. The more you contemplate, the more confident you become. The mind becomes truly stable – to the point where it can’t be swayed by anything at all. You are absolutely confident that no single mind-object has the power to shake it. Mind-objects are mind-objects; the mind is the mind. The mind experiences good and bad mental states, happiness and suffering, because it is deluded by mind-objects. If it isn’t deluded by mind-objects, there’s no suffering. The undeluded mind can’t be shaken. This phenomenon is a state of awareness, where all things and phenomena are viewed entirely as dhātu11 (natural elements) arising and passing away – just that much. It might be possible to have this experience and yet still be unable to fully let go. Whether you can or can’t let go, don’t let this bother you. Before anything else, you must at least develop and sustain this level of awareness or fixed determination in the mind. You have to keep applying the pressure and destroying defilements through determined effort, penetrating deeper and deeper into the practice.

Having discerned the Dhamma in this way, the mind will withdraw to a less intense level of practice, which the Buddha and subsequent Buddhist scriptures describe as the Gotrabhū citta12. The Gotrabhū citta refers to the mind which has experienced going beyond the boundaries of the ordinary human mind. It is the mind of the puthujjana (ordinary unenlightened individual) breaking through into the realm of the ariyan (Noble One) – however, this phenomena still takes place within the mind of the ordinary unenlightened individual like ourselves. The Gotrabhūpuggala is someone, who, having progressed in their practice until they gain temporary experience of Nibbāna (enlightenment), withdraws from it and continues practising on another level, because they have not yet completely cut off all defilements. It’s like someone who is in the middle of stepping across a stream, with one foot on the near bank, and the other on the far side. They know for sure that there are two sides to the stream, but are unable to cross over it completely and so step back. The understanding that there exist two sides to the stream is similar to that of the Gotrabhū puggala or the Gotrabhū citta. It means that you know the way to go beyond the defilements, but are still unable to go there, and so step back. Once you know for yourself that this state truly exists, this knowledge remains with you constantly as you continue to practise meditation and develop your pāramī. You are both certain of the goal and the most direct way to reach it.

Simply speaking, this state that has arisen is the mind itself. If you contemplate according to the truth of the way things are, you can see that there exists just one path and it is your duty to follow it. It means that you know from the very beginning that mental states of happiness and suffering are not the path to follow. This is something that you have to know for yourself – it is the truth of the way things are. If you attach to happiness, you are off the path because attaching to happiness will cause suffering to arise. If you attach to sadness, it can be a cause for suffering to arise. You understand this – you are already mindful with right view, but at the same time, are not yet able to fully let go of your attachments.

So what is the correct way to practice? You must walk the middle path, which means keeping track of the various mental states of happiness and suffering, while at the same time keeping them at a distance, off to either side of you. This is the correct way to practise – you maintain mindfulness and awareness even though you are still unable to let go. It’s the correct way, because whenever the mind attaches to states of happiness and suffering, awareness of the attachment is always there. This means that whenever the mind attaches to states of happiness, you don’t praise it or give value to it, and whenever it attaches to states of suffering, you don’t criticise it. This way you can actually observe the mind as it is. Happiness is not right, suffering is not right. There is the understanding that neither of these is the right path. You are aware, awareness of them is sustained, but still you can’t fully abandon them. You are unable to drop them, but you can be mindful of them. With mindfulness established, you don’t give undue value to happiness or suffering. You don’t give importance to either of those two directions which the mind can take, and you hold no doubts about this; you know that following either of those ways is not the right path of practice, so at all times you take this middle way of equanimity as the object of mind. When you practise to the point where the mind goes beyond happiness and suffering, equanimity will necessarily arise as the path to follow, and you have to gradually move down it, little by little – the heart knowing the way to go to be beyond defilements, but, not yet being ready to finally transcend them, it withdraws and continues practising.

Whenever happiness arises and the mind attaches, you have to take that happiness up for contemplation, and whenever it attaches to suffering, you have to take that up for contemplation. Eventually, the mind reaches a stage when it is fully mindful of both happiness and suffering. That’s when it will be able to lay aside the happiness and the suffering, the pleasure and the sadness, and lay aside all that is the world and so become lokavidū(knower of the worlds). Once the mind – ‘one who knows’ – can let go it will settle down at that point. Why does it settle down? Because you have done the practice and followed the path right down to that very spot. You know what you have to do to reach the end of the path, but are still unable to accomplish it. When the mind attaches to either happiness or suffering, you are not deluded by them and strive to dislodge the attachment and dig it out.

This is practising on the level of the yogāvacara, one who is travelling along the path of practice – striving to cut through the defilements, yet not having reached the goal. You focus upon these conditions and the way it is from moment to moment in your own mind. It’s not necessary to be personally interviewed about the state of your mind or do anything special. When there is attachment to either happiness or suffering, there must be the clear and certain understanding that any attachment to either of these states is deluded. It is attachment to the world. It is being stuck in the world. Happiness means attachment to the world, suffering means attachment to the world. This is the way worldly attachment is. What is it that creates or gives rise to the world? The world is created and established through ignorance. It’s because we are not mindful that the mind attaches importance to things, fashioning and creating sankhāra (formations) the whole time.

It is here that the practice becomes really interesting. Wherever there is attachment in the mind, you keep hitting at that point, without letting up. If there is attachment to happiness, you keep pounding at it, not letting the mind get carried away with the mood. If the mind attaches to suffering, you grab hold of that, really getting to grips with it and contemplating it straight away. You are in the process of finishing the job off; the mind doesn’t let a single mind-object slip by without reflecting on it. Nothing can resist the power of your mindfulness and wisdom. Even if the mind is caught in an unwholesome mental state, you know it as unwholesome and the mind is not heedless. It’s like stepping on thorns: of course, you don’t seek to step on thorns, you try to avoid them, but nevertheless sometimes you step on one. When you do step on one, do you feel good about it? You feel aversion when you step on a thorn. Once you know the path of practice, it means you know that which is the world, that which is suffering and that which binds us to the endless cycle of birth and death. Even though you know this, you are unable to stop stepping on those ‘thorns’. The mind still follows various states of happiness and sadness, but doesn’t completely indulge in them. You sustain a continuous effort to destroy any attachment in the mind – to destroy and clear all that which is the world from the mind.

You must practise right in the present moment. Meditate right there; build your pāramī right there. This is the heart of practice, the heart of your effort. You carry on an internal dialogue, discussing and reflecting on the Dhamma within yourself. It’s something that takes place right inside the mind. As worldly attachment is uprooted, mindfulness and wisdom untiringly penetrate inwards, and the ‘one who knows’ sustains awareness with equanimity, mindfulness and clarity, without getting involved with or becoming enslaved to anybody or anything. Not getting involved with things means knowing without clinging – knowing while laying things aside and letting go. You still experience happiness; you still experience suffering; you still experience mind-objects and mental states, but you don’t cling to them.

Once you are seeing things as they are you know the mind as it is and you know mind-objects as they are. You know the mind as separate from mind-objects and mind-objects as separate from the mind. The mind is the mind, mind-objects are mind-objects. Once you know these two phenomena as they are, whenever they come together you will be mindful of them. When the mind experiences mind-objects, mindfulness will be there. Our teacher described the practice of the yogāvacara who is able to sustain such awareness, whether walking, standing, sitting or lying down, as being a continuous cycle. It is sammā patipadā (right practice). You don’t forget yourself or become heedless.

You don’t simply observe the coarser parts of your practice, but also watch the mind internally, on a more refined level. That which is on the outside, you set aside. From here onwards you are just watching the body and the mind, just observing this mind and its objects arising and passing away, and understanding that having arisen they pass away. With passing away there is further arising – birth and death, death and birth; cessation followed by arising, arising followed by cessation. Ultimately, you are simply watching the act of cessation. Khayavayam means degeneration and cessation. Degeneration and cessation are the natural way of the mind and its objects – this is khayavayam. Once the mind is practising and experiencing this, it doesn’t have to go following up on or searching for anything else – it will be keeping abreast of things with mindfulness. Seeing is just seeing. Knowing is just knowing. The mind and mind-objects are just as they are. This is the way things are. The mind isn’t proliferating about or creating anything in addition.

Don’t be confused or vague about the practice. Don’t get caught in doubting. This applies to the practice of sīla just the same. As I mentioned earlier, you have to look at it and contemplate whether it’s right or wrong. Having contemplated it, then leave it there. Don’t doubt about it. Practising samādhi is the same. Keep practising, calming the mind little by little. If you start thinking, it doesn’t matter; if you’re not thinking, it doesn’t matter. The important thing is to gain an understanding of the mind.

Some people want to make the mind peaceful, but don’t know what true peace really is. They don’t know the peaceful mind. There are two kinds of peacefulness – one is the peace that comes through samādhi, the other is the peace that comes through paññā. The mind that is peaceful through samādhi is still deluded. The peace that comes through the practice of samādhi alone is dependent on the mind being separated from mind-objects. When it’s not experiencing any mind-objects, then there is calm, and consequently one attaches to the happiness that comes with that calm. However, whenever there is impingement through the senses, the mind gives in straight away. It’s afraid of mind-objects. It’s afraid of happiness and suffering; afraid of praise and criticism; afraid of forms, sounds, smells and tastes. One who is peaceful through samādhi alone is afraid of everything and doesn’t want to get involved with anybody or anything on the outside. People practising samādhi in this way just want to stay isolated in a cave somewhere, where they can experience the bliss of samādhiwithout having to come out. Wherever there is a peaceful place, they sneak off and hide themselves away. This kind of samādhiinvolves a lot of suffering – they find it difficult to come out of it and be with other people. They don’t want to see forms or hear sounds. They don’t want to experience anything at all! They have to live in some specially preserved quiet place, where no-one will come and disturb them with conversation. They have to have really peaceful surroundings.

This kind of peacefulness can’t do the job. If you have reached the necessary level of calm, then withdraw. The Buddha didn’t teach to practise samādhi with delusion. If you are practising like that, then stop. If the mind has achieved calm, then use it as a basis for contemplation. Contemplate the peace of concentration itself and use it to connect the mind with and reflect upon the different mind-objects which it experiences. Use the calm ofsamādhi to contemplate sights, smells, tastes, tactile sensations and ideas. Use this calm to contemplate the different parts of the body, such as the hair of the head, hair of the body, nails, teeth, skin and so on. Contemplate the three characteristics of aniccam(impermanence), dukkham (suffering) and anattā (not-self). Reflect upon this entire world. When you have contemplated sufficiently, it is all right to reestablish the calm of samādhi. You can re-enter it through sitting meditation and afterwards, with calm re-established, continue with the contemplation. Use the state of calm to train and purify the mind. Use it to challenge the mind. As you gain knowledge, use it to fight the defilements, to train the mind. If you simply enter samādhi and stay there you don’t gain any insight – you are simply making the mind calm and that’s all. However, if you use the calm mind to reflect, beginning with your external experience, this calm will gradually penetrate deeper and deeper inwards, until the mind experiences the most profound peace of all.

The peace which arises through paññā is distinctive, because when the mind withdraws from the state of calm, the presence ofpaññā makes it unafraid of forms, sounds, smells, tastes, tactile sensations and ideas. It means that as soon as there is sense contact the mind is immediately aware of the mind-object. As soon as there is sense contact you lay it aside; as soon as there is sense contact mindfulness is sharp enough to let go right away. This is the peace that comes through paññā.

When you are practising with the mind in this way, the mind becomes considerably more refined than when you are developing samādhi alone. The mind becomes very powerful, and no longer tries to run away. With such energy you become fearless. In the past you were scared to experience anything, but now you know mind-objects as they are and are no longer afraid. You know your own strength of mind and are unafraid. When you see a form, you contemplate it. When you hear a sound, you contemplate it. You become proficient in the contemplation of mind-objects. You are established in the practice with a new boldness, which prevails whatever the conditions. Whether it be sights, sounds or smells, you see them and let go of them as they occur. Whatever it is, you can let go of it all. You clearly see happiness and let it go. You clearly see suffering and let it go. Wherever you see them, you let them go right there. That’s the way! Keep letting them go and casting them aside right there. No mind-objects will be able to maintain a hold over the mind. You leave them there and stay secure in your place of abiding within the mind. As you experience, you cast aside. As you experience, you observe. Having observed, you let go. All mind-objects lose their value and are no longer able to sway you. This is the power of vipassanā (insight meditation). When these characteristics arise within the mind of the practitioner, it is appropriate to change the name of the practice to vipassanā: clear knowing in accordance with the truth. That’s what it’s all about – knowledge in accordance with the truth of the way things are. This is peace at the highest level, the peace of vipassanā. Developing peace through samādhialone is very, very difficult; one is constantly petrified.

So when the mind is at its most calm, what should you do? Train it. Practise with it. Use it to contemplate. Don’t be scared of things. Don’t attach. Developing samādhi so that you can just sit there and attach to blissful mental states isn’t the true purpose of the practice. You must withdraw from it. The Buddha said that you must fight this war, not just hide out in a trench trying to avoid the enemy’s bullets. When it’s time to fight, you really have to come out with guns blazing. Eventually you have to come out of that trench. You can’t stay sleeping there when it’s time to fight. This is the way the practice is. You can’t allow your mind to just hide, cringing in the shadows.

Sīla and samādhi form the foundation of practice and it is essential to develop them before anything else. You must train yourself and investigate according to the monastic form and ways of practice which have been passed down.

Be it as it may, I have described a rough outline of the practice. You as the practitioners must avoid getting caught in doubts. Don’t doubt about the way of practice. When there is happiness, watch the happiness. When there is suffering, watch the suffering. Having established awareness, make the effort to destroy both of them. Let them go. Cast them aside. Know the object of mind and keep letting it go. Whether you want to do sitting or walking meditation it doesn’t matter. If you keep thinking, never mind. The important thing is to sustain moment to moment awareness of the mind. If you are really caught in mental proliferation, then gather it all together, and contemplate it in terms of being one whole, cutting it off right from the start, saying, ‘All these thoughts, ideas and imaginings of mine are simply thought proliferation and nothing more. It’s all aniccamdukkham and anattā. None of it is certain at all.’ Discard it right there.


Footnotes

…samana1
Recluse, monk or holy one – one who has left the home life to pursue the Higher Life.
…ārammana2
Ārammana: mind-objects; the object which is presented to the mind (citta) at any moment. This object is derived from the five senses or direct from the mind (memory, thought, feelings). It is not the external object (in the world), but that object after having been processed by one’s preconceptions and predispositions.
…bhikkhus’3
Bhikkhu: Buddhist monk, alms mendicant.
…Arahants4
Arahant: Worthy one, one who is full enlightened.
5
Venerable: in Thai, ‘Phra‘.
…khandhas6
Khandhas: Groups or aggregates: form (rūpa), feeling (vedanā), perception (saññā), thought formations (sankhārā) and consciousness (viññāna). These groups are the five groups that constitute what we call a person.
7
Magga-phala: Path and fruition: the four transcendent paths – or rather one path and four different levels of refinement – leading to ‘nobility’ (ariya) or the end of suffering, i.e., the insight knowledge which cuts through the fetters (samyojana); and the four corresponding fruitions arising from those paths – refers to the mental state, cutting through defilements, immediately following the attainment of any of these paths.
…pāramī8
Pāramī: refers to the ten spiritual perfections: generosity, moral restraint, renunciation, wisdom, effort, patience, truthfulness, determination, kindness and equanimity.
…upapāramī9
Upapāramī: refers to the same ten spiritual perfections, but practised on a deeper, more intense and profound level (practised to the highest degree, they are called paramattha pāramī)
…jhāna10
Jhāna: Various levels of meditative absorption. The five factors of jhāna are initial and sustained application of mind, rapture, pleasure and equanimity.
…dhātu11
Dhātu: Elements, natural essence. The elementary properties which make up the inner sense of the body and mind: earth (material), water (cohesion), fire (energy) and air (motion), space and consciousness.
…citta12
Gotrabhū citta: Change-of-lineage (state of consciousness preceding jhāna or Path).
Contents: © Wat Nong Pah Pong, 2007 | Last update: March 2008

Vivere il presente – Living the present



Vivere il presente
“Sono tante le ragioni per le quali ci stiamo rivolgendo verso la consapevolezza, non ultima forse l’intenzione di conservare la nostra salute mentale o di recuperare il senso delle proporzioni e o il significato delle cose, o anche solo di tenere testa al tremendo stress e alla grande insicurezza del nostro tempo …in effetti limitarsi a sedere e a stare tranquilli per un po’ di tempo per proprio conto è un atto radicale di amore.”

Jon Kabat Zinn
Tutto ciò che accade nella tua vita prende origine dalla tua coscienza. Elevando la tua coscienza, tu elevi tutto il tuo essere ed il tuo modo di vedere la vita, e cominci a vivere quell’esistenza piena e meravigliosa che è il tuo autentico retaggio. Te la si può spiegare, e puoi vedere gli altri viverla; ma finché essa non penetra nella tua coscienza e finché non accetti il fatto che essa ti sia destinata, non accade nulla. L’anima in apparenza più semplice e infantile può accettare il regno dei cieli molto più facilmente dell’anima più profondamente intellettuale, che crede di conoscere tutte le risposte grazie alla mente, ma la cui coscienza non è assurta a più alti livelli. Ogni anima può raggiungere uno stato di coscienza elevato, ma è qualcosa che deve essere compiuto dal di dentro, partendo da una conoscenza interiore, dall’ispirazione e dall’intuizione che non hanno bisogno di alcun sapere o saggezza esterni. E’ tutto lì, nel profondo di ogni anima, semplicemente in attesa di essere riconosciuto, portato alla luce e vissuto.
da: Eileen Caddy (Le Porte Interiori)
Vivere il presente non significa ” vivere alla giornata”, come un vagabondo senza nè arte nè parte, senza pensare a se stessi ed essere in balia degli eventi.
Non significa non avere un progetto di vita, disinteressarsi del lavoro, godere e basta, con opportunismo, egoismo e narcisismo e sfruttamento delle debolezze altrui.
Seguimi sulla strada della comprensione e vedrai che questi “…ismo” non hanno nessun riferimento a questo stile di vita che ti accenno. Orazio, poeta latino, quando nell’ode 1,11 (carmina) parla di “carpe diem” esprime una visione della vita diversa, che può favorire l’equilibrio interiore, l’amonia dei sensi, l’integrazione dei ritmi esistenziali, il piacere vero di vivere il quotidiano nella sua profondità.Tu puoi intervenire ed agire solo nel presente: il futuro è lontano e il passato è nella memoria. Vivendo il presente con consapevolezza totale
” quam minumum credula postero” ( confidando il meno possibile nel domani),
( come continua a dire Orazio nella sua splendida poesia), tu sei invitato ad essere ragionevole, a cogliere le occasioni che ti offre la vita giorno per giorno. Queste occasioni, questi momenti buoni che tu vivi ti daranno la forza di ” vivere al meglio” i tuoi minuti, le tue ore, il tuo mattino, il tuo pomeriggio, la tua sera, la tua notte. Non solo ma godendo giorno per giorno ti arricchirai talmente che potrai scaricare le tue tensioni ” di ieri”, del ” passato”, e anche del “domani”, “dell’avvenire”. Con questa catarsi non ti farai del male, ripetendo gli errori del passato o indirettamente preparando iun terreno sfavorevole per il tuo futuro. Nel presente tu darai il meglio di te.
L’oggi va risolto così, senza pregiudizi, senza condizionamenti in piena libertà, senza il carico del passato( con i suoi traumi, le sue ferite, le sue amarezze, le sue perdite) o le speranze ( e molto spesso le preoccupazioni, le ansie e le angosce) per il futuro.
Confucio stesso accenna al passato dicendo che non deve essere un peso da portare sulle spalle ma un un insegnamento da averlo davanti a noi, leggero e piacevole. E questo è possibile solo se vivi il presente, l’oggi in tutta la sua splendida bellezza, in tutto il suo mistero e e la magia imprevedibile del divenire. In effetti se tu elabori il passato nel presente esso ti anche una previsione per il futuro. Facci caso e poni attenzione: tu puoi vivere i tre tempi nel presente, in un attimo. Allora cogli l’attimo fuggente, non lasciarti scappare quel momento prezioso d’amore, quella gioia di un sorriso, quella risata di una goduria estrema, il profumo di un corpo che ti accarezza, il canto di un uccellino, l’ascolto e la visione della natura, degli uomini e delle cose. Gibran diceva che spesso ci indebitiamo con il futuro per non pagare il debiti del passato. Te ne prego non andare in questa direzione, non pensare più del previsto: il futuro può tormentarti, il passato può bloccarti, il presente può sfuggirti.
Forse ricorderai Elvis Presley e Bob Dylan. Appartengono al passato eppure Elvis ci ha liberato il corpo e Dylan la mente. e insieme ci hanno fatto sognare. Questo non è pensare, è vivere e trasmettere un sogno. Sant’Agostino aveva ragione quando diceva: noi viviamo tre tempi: il presente del passato che è la storia; il presente del presente che è la visione; il presente del futuro che è l’attesa.
Goethe immaginava il tempo com un compagno di viaggio che ” dobbiamo onorare con letizia e a allegrezza di spirito. quando ci passa accanto”.
Ti invito ancora una volta a considerare il tempo non come una persona gaudente della vita, un parassita, che si è dimenticato gli errori di ieri e non pensa alla dignità di un domani ( che sceglie di non scegliere), ma con una mente libera che va al di la del pensiero.
Nietzsche stesso se ne è accorto quando in una riflessione così affermava:
” quando più si pensa a quello che fu e a quello che sarà,
tanto più pallido diventa quello che è ora”.
Se tu ti immergi nel presente con chiarezza e comprensione, tu sarai un altro, tu darai il meglio di te, tu godrai immensamente l’attimo e berrai l’acqua dell’eternità, gusterai la bellezza del momento,. Se vivi nei condizonamenti del passato e nelle fantasie e nelle aspettative del futuro vedrai che questo mondo esiste, ci vivrai, passerai le tue giornate comunicando l’incomunicabilità ma tu lo osserverai come un ubriaco o come un miope che non porta occhiali e lo interpreterai a modo tuo. Tu stai dormendo.
Eraclito diceva che coloro che sono prigionieri dei legami del pensiero anche se sono, non sono, anche se sono presenti sono assenti. In effetti con il passato ( che non c’è più) e con il futuro ( che non c’è ancora) qualsiasi azione diventa assurda.
Eppure quante volte sentiamo dire: l’ho fatto per il suo bene. O in altri contesti: l’ho fatto perchè pensavo di raggiungere dei risultati, e così ascoltiamo centinaia e più di altre motivazioni per giustificare molti programmi e strategie operative.
Il tempo è legato alla mente. La mente vive su queste due dimensioni. E’ il sapere stesso dell’uomo: la storia e l’avvenire. Mi viene alla memoria il verso di Ovidio ( amores – libro III – elegia seconda, verso 39):
” nec sine te, nec tecum vivere possum”
( non posso vivere nè con te, nè senza di te)
Quando lasciamo un pò da parte la mente ( e ti consiglio di farlo) tu inizi ad esistere, anzi tu sei.
Non ti dico di dimenticare il passato, esso è la tua storia, è il bambino che è dentro di te, è parte integrante del tuo essere.Esso è come un cibo che diventa parte delle tue cellule, del tuo essere corporeo trasformandosi in proteine, glucidi, lipidi, minerali e vitamine. Non ti dico di non credere nel futuro. Nel presente consapevole e attento, in quest’attimo ardente e appassionato, in questo istante di vita, tu vivi sia il passato che il futuro perchè il presente contiene tutto il tuo passato e a secondo come vivrai questo presente esso sarà la base del tuo futuro. Io ti invito a godere l’attimo nella sua pienezza e nella sua intensità, e nella sua grande creatività a non lasciartelo sfuggire, a non proiettarti in avanti o regredire e andare all’indietro. Nel centro del tuo essere c’è il tuo seme, la tua essenza, tutte le tue potenzialità. Lascia crescere questo fiore, questa pianta, quest’albero lungo le stagioni della vita e dalla terra al cielo con naturalezza e spontaneità
Forse ti sembrerà di aver fatto chissà che cosa, di aver conquistato chissà quale vetta, di aver raggiunto uno scopo sublime. In realtà non hai fatto niente di tutto questo. Hai solo scoperto te stesso…
Ti sembrerà, questa scoperta, la fine del tuo percorso. Essa è solo l’inizio. La fine è il tuo inizio. L’inizio di un viaggio verso una gioia profonda e incommensurabile. Tu hai superato il tempo, tu sei un uomo senza tempo.
http://www.vigliottiangelo.it/2008/03/vivere-il-presente-cogliere-lattimo.html
Parole in viaggio
Vi esorto a non buttare via il tempo, perché è veloce come una freccia, rapido come una corrente. La distrazione è interamente dovuta a mancanza di concentrazione; la stupidita’ e la cecita’ sono causate dalla mancanza di vera comprensione.
(Yung-Ming Yen-Shou – 905-975)
Immagina d’essere un bimbo che, sdraiato sulla schiena con lo sguardo rivolto al cielo senza nuvole, faccia bolle di sapone con un anello di plastica. Non appena la bolla si stacca, l’osservi mentre s’innalza nel cielo, e così facendo sposti l’attenzione dalla bolla al cielo. Mentre osservi la bolla, questa scoppia, ma l’attenzione per un attimo rimane là dove c’era la bolla. Ecco, in quell’attimo la consapevolezza si posa nello spazio vuoto.
(B. Alan Wallace)
La meditazione è come un singolo pezzo di legno. L’investigazione e l’introspezione sono un’estremità del legno, la calma e la concentrazione sono l’altra estremità. Se sollevi un pezzo di legno, entrambe le estremità si sollevano contemporaneamente. Qual è la concentrazione e qual è l’introspezione? Soltanto questa mente.
(Ajahn Chah,)
Stare attenti vuol dire vivere nel momento presente, non essere imprigionati nel passato e nemmeno anticipare eventi futuri che potrebbero non accadere. Allorché siamo pienamente coscienti del momento presente, la vita si trasforma e l’ansia e lo stress scompaiono. Gran parte della vita se ne va nella febbrile anticipazione delle cose da fare e nella conseguente sospensione d’animo. Dovremmo imparare a fare un passo indietro nella liberta’ e possibilita’ del presente.
(Bede Griffiths)
La comprensione è migliore della pratica meccanica. Migliore della comprensione è la meditazione. Ma meglio di tutto è lasciar andare l’ansia per il risultato, perché a questo fa immediatamente seguito la pace.
(Bhagavad Gita 12:12)
Consapevole mentre cammina, consapevole mentre sta fermo, consapevole mentre sta seduto, consapevole mentre giace, consapevole nel distendere e raccogliere le proprie membra – in alto, di fianco e in basso – dovunque vada nel mondo, il praticante osserva il sorgere e lo svanire di tutte le cose composte di elementi. Chi vive in questo modo zelante, quieto e non esaltato, sempre mentalmente presente, esercitantesi nella tranquilla consapevolezza, vien definito “costantemente intento”.
(Itivuttaka, 111)
Nella meditazione la prima cosa di cui ci rendiamo conto è che non serve cercare; infatti ciò che si cerca è predeterminato da ciò che si desidera…
(J. Krishnamurti)
Tenete le mani aperte, tutta la sabbia del deserto passerà nelle vostre mani. Chiudete le mani, non otterrete che qualche granello di sabbia (Dogen)
Prima del risveglio tagliavo legna e portavo acqua; dopo il risveglio tagliavo legna e portavo acqua.
(Proverbio Zen)
Se hai ragione non hai bisogno di gridare.
(Proverbio zen)
Se siamo felici, se siamo in pace, possiamo sbocciare come un fiore; e la nostra famiglia, tutta la società, trarranno beneficio dalla nostra pace.
(Thich Nhat Hanh)
Non potremo mai ottenere la pace nel mondo se trascuriamo il mondo interiore e non facciamo la pace con noi stessi. La pace nel mondo deve scaturire dalla pace interiore. Senza pace interiore è impossibile realizzare la pace nel mondo esteriore. Le armi non sparano da sole. Non sono piovute dal cielo: le ha fatte l’uomo. Ma nemmeno queste armi, queste terribili armi, non possono sparare da sole. Finché vengono lasciate nei depositi non possono fare alcun danno. Ci vuole un essere umano per usarle. Qualcuno deve premere il grilletto. Satana, le forze del male, non possono premere il grilletto. Occorrono degli esseri umani per farlo.
(Riflessioni di Tenzin Gyatso, XIV Dalai Lama)
La scomparsa totale dei sensi di insicurezza si avra’ soltanto quando avrai quella benedetta capacita’ degli uccelli del cielo e dei fiori del campo di vivere pienamente, momento per momento, nel presente, per quanto insopportabile questo possa apparire.
(Anthony De Mello)
Il sole brilla senza intenzioni. Non spera elogi né ricompense. Brilla, semplicemente. O, piuttosto, no, ecco: brucia, si consuma nell’eccesso stesso della sua gioia.
(Sukkananda)
Devi comprendere in prima persona, direttamente, la verità su di te. E non puoi realizzarla tramite un altro, per quanto grande sia. Non c’è autorità che possa rivelarla.
(Jiddu Krishnamurti)
Spesso siamo anche noi ad aumentare il nostro dolore e la nostra sofferenza con l’ipersensibilità e l’iperreattività verso cose da nulla, e talvolta prendendo le cose troppo personalmente.
(Dalai Lama)
Tutti i difetti della nostra mente – l’egoismo, l’ignoranza, la rabbia, l’attaccamento, il senso di colpa e tutti gli altri pensieri molesti – sono temporanei, non permanenti e duraturi. E poiché la causa della nostra sofferenza e dei nostri pensieri molesti è temporanea, anche la nostra sofferenza è temporanea.
(Lama Zopa Rinpoche)

Living the present
“There are many reasons why we are turning toward awareness, not least perhaps the intention to maintain our mental health, or to recover a sense of proportion and / or the meaning of things, or just to keep up with the tremendous stress and the great insecurity of our time … in fact simply sit and be quiet for a while ‘time for its own account is a radical act of love. “
Jon Kabat Zinn
Everything that happens in your life stems from your consciousness. By raising your consciousness, you elevate your whole being and your outlook on life, and begin to live full and wonderful that existence that is your true legacy. You can explain to you, and you can see the other live, but until it enters your consciousness until you accept the fact that it is intended, nothing happens. The soul apparently simple and childish to accept the kingdom of heaven much more easily than the soul more deeply intellectual, who think they know all the answers thanks to the mind, but whose consciousness has not risen to the highest level. Every soul can reach a higher state of consciousness, but it is something that should be performed from within, from an inner knowing, inspiration and intuition that they do not need any external knowledge or wisdom. It ‘s all there, in the depths of every soul, just waiting to be recognized, brought to light and lived.
by: Eileen Caddy (The interior doors)
Living this does not mean “live for the day” as a vagrant without neither art nor part, without thinking of themselves and be at the mercy of events.
It does not mean not having a life plan, lose interest in the work, and just enjoy, with opportunism, selfishness and narcissism and exploitation of the weaknesses of others.
Follow the path of understanding and you will see that these “… ism” have no reference to this lifestyle that you mention. Horace, Latin poet, when ode 1.11 (Carmine) speaks of “carpe diem” expresses a different view of life, which can promote inner balance, the amon of the senses, the integration of the rhythms of existence, the true pleasure of living everyday in his profondità.Tu can speak and act only in this: the future is far away and the past is in memory. Living in the present with total awareness
“Quam minumum credulous posterity” (trusting little as possible in tomorrow)
(As Horatio continues to say in his beautiful poetry), you are invited to be reasonable, to seize the opportunities that life offers every day. These opportunities, these good times that you live will give you the strength to “live better” your minutes, your hours, your morning, your afternoon, your evening, your night. Not only that but enjoying every day you get rich so that you can download your tensions “yesterday”, the “past” and also “Tomorrow,” “the future”. With this catharsis is not gonna hurt you, repeating the mistakes of the past or indirectly preparing Iun unfavorable terrain for your future. In the present you give your best.
The date needs to be resolved this way, without prejudices, without conditioning in full freedom, without the burden of the past (with his injuries, his wounds, his bitterness, his losses) and hopes (and very often the concerns, anxieties and fears) for the future.
Confucius himself alludes to the past, saying that should not be a burden to bear on his shoulders but a lesson from him in front of us, light and pleasant. And this is only possible if you live on this, today in all its stunning beauty, in all its mystery ee the magic of becoming unpredictable. In fact if you draw the past into the present it will also predict the future. Let us ask the case and attention: you can live three times in the present, in a moment. So seize the fleeting moment, do not miss that precious moment of love, the joy of a smile, that laugh of a pleasure resort, the scent of a body that caresses you, the song of a bird, listening and vision of nature, men and things. Gibran said that often we go into debt with the future not to pay the debts of the past. I beg you not to go in this direction, do not think more than expected: the future can torment you, the past is blocked, this can escape.
Perhaps you remember Elvis Presley and Bob Dylan. Belong to the past but Elvis has released the body and the mind Dylan. and together have made us dream. This is not to think, you live and pass on a dream. St. Augustine was right when he said: we live three times: This is the story of the past and the present of the present that is the vision, this is the expectation of the future.
Goethe imagined time travel with a companion that “we must fulfill with joy and gladness of spirit. When they go by.”
I invite you once again to consider time not as a pleasure-seeking person of life, a parasite that has forgotten the mistakes of the past and not think about the dignity of tomorrow (who chose not to choose), but with a clear mind that goes the thinking.
Nietzsche himself noticed it when it said in a debate:
“When you think more about what was and what will be,
becomes much paler than it is now. “
If you dive in the present with clarity and understanding, you will be another, you give your best, you’ll enjoy immensely the moment and drink the water of eternity, enjoy the beauty of the moment. If you live in the past condizoni and fantasies and expectations of the future you will see that this world exists, we will live, you will spend your days indicating the lack of communication but you see how a drunk or a short-sighted who does not wear glasses and interpreters your way. You’re sleeping.
Heraclitus said that those who are prisoners of the links of thought even if they are not, even if there are are absent. In fact with the past (which no longer exists) and the future (which is not yet) any action becomes absurd.
Yet how many times we hear: I did it for his own good. Or in other contexts: I did it because I thought of getting results, and so we hear more and hundreds of other reasons to justify many programs and operating strategies.
Time is linked to the mind. The mind lives on these two dimensions. E ‘knowledge of man: history and future. I comes to mind the verse of Ovid (Amores – Book III – the second elegy, verse 39):
“Nec sine you live nec tecum possum”
(I can not live either with you or without you)
When we leave a little bit from the mind (and I suggest you do) you begin to exist, indeed you are.
I do not say forget the past, it is your story, is the child who is within you, is an integral part of your essere.Esso is like a food that becomes part of your cells, your body be transformed into proteins, carbohydrates, fats, minerals and vitamins. Do not say do not believe in the future. In this conscious and attentive, and passionate in this moment, in this moment of life you live is the past and the future because this contains all your past and present it according to how you live this will be the foundation of your future. I invite you to enjoy the moment in its fullness and in its intensity, and his creativity to not let it slip away, not to project forward or reverse and go backwards. In the center of your being is your seed, your essence, all of your potential. Let this flower grow, this plant, this tree along the seasons of life and from earth to heaven with naturalness and spontaneity
Perhaps you feel you have done God knows what, to have won some kind of peak, having reached a sublime goal. In fact you have not done anything like that. You just found yourself …
It may seem, this discovery, the end of your trip. It is just the beginning. The end is your beginning. The beginning of a journey to a profound and immeasurable joy. You have exceeded the time, you’re a man with no time.
http://www.vigliottiangelo.it/2008/03/vivere-il-presente-cogliere-lattimo.html
Words on the move
I urge you not to throw away the time, because it is fast as an arrow, swift as a stream. Distraction is entirely due to a lack of concentration, the stupidity ‘and blindness’ are caused by the lack of true understanding.
(Yung-Ming Yen-Shou – 905-975)
Imagine being a child who, lying on your back with an eye to the sky without clouds, make soap bubbles with a plastic ring. As soon as the bubble detaches, while the observed rises in the sky, and thereby shift attention away from the bubble in the sky. While watching the bubble, it bursts, but the focus remains there for a moment where there was a bubble. Behold, at that moment awareness rests in empty space.
(B. Alan Wallace)
Meditation is like a piece of wood. The investigation and introspection are one end of the wood, the calm and concentration are the other end. If you lift a piece of wood, both ends are lifted simultaneously. What is the concentration and what is introspection? Only this mind.
(Ajahn Chah)
Be careful it means to live in the present moment, not be imprisoned in the past and even anticipate future events that may not happen. When we are fully aware of the present moment, life changes and the anxiety and stress disappear. So much of life goes away in feverish anticipation of things to do and the consequent suspension of mind. We should learn to take a step back in freedom ‘and the possibility’ of this.
(Bede Griffiths)
The understanding is better than mechanical practice. Better understanding is meditation. But best of all is letting go of anxiety for the result, because this will immediately follow the peace.
(Bhagavad Gita 12:12)
Aware while walking, standing still while conscious, aware as he is sitting, while lying conscious, aware of the stretch and gather its members – top, side and bottom – wherever he goes in the world, the practitioner observes the arising and passing away of all things are composed of elements. Who lives in this way, zealous, serene and exalted, ever mindful, practicing in the quiet awareness, is called a “constant concern”.
(Itivuttaka, 111)
In meditation the first thing we realize is that no use trying, because what is sought is predetermined by what you want …
(J. Krishnamurti)
Keep your hands open, all the sand of the desert pass in your hands. Close your hands, do not you will get a few grains of sand (Dogen)
Before waking cut wood and carried water, after waking up I cut wood and carry water.
(Zen Proverb)
If you’re right you do not need to shout.
(Zen Proverb)
If you are happy, if we are at peace, we can blossom like a flower, and our family, society as a whole, will benefit from our peace.
(Thich Nhat Hanh)
We can never obtain peace in the world if we neglect the inner world and do not make peace with ourselves. World peace must come from inner peace. Without inner peace it is impossible to achieve peace in the outside world. The weapons do not shoot themselves. Do not have rained down from heaven, the man has made. But even these weapons, these terrible weapons, they can not shoot themselves. As long as they are left in the stores can not do any harm. It takes a human being to use them. Someone has to pull the trigger. Satan, the forces of evil, can not pull the trigger. It takes human beings to do so.
(Reflections of Tenzin Gyatso, XIV Dalai Lama)
The total disappearance of the senses of insecurity will have ‘only when you have the blessed ability’ of the birds of the air and flowers of the field to live fully, moment by moment, in the present, as this may seem unbearable.
(Anthony De Mello)
The sun shines without intentions. I hope for praise or rewards. Brilla, simply. Or rather, no, here it is: it burns, it consumes itself in the excess of his joy.
(Sukkananda)
You have to understand first hand, directly, the truth about you. And you can not achieve it through another, however great. There is no authority that could reveal it.
(Jiddu Krishnamurti)
Often we are also increasing our pain and our suffering with the hypersensitivity and hyperreactivity to things from nothing, and sometimes taking things too personally.
(Dalai Lama)
All the defects of our minds – the selfishness, ignorance, anger, attachment, guilt and all the other disturbing thoughts – are temporary, not permanent and lasting. And since the cause of our suffering and our thoughts are temporary nuisances, even our suffering is temporary.
(Lama Zopa Rinpoche)

Dido


[https://youtu.be/Y7fuLUukZCs]
Dido Florian Cloud De Bounevialle O’Malley Armstrong (Londra, 25 dicembre 1971) è una cantante britannica, nota semplicemente come Dido.
Dido nasce al St. Mary Abbots Hospital a Kensington, Londra, dalla madre Clare Collins, poetessa, e dal padre William O’Malley Armstrong, editore e manager di origine irlandese. Cresciuta studiando e ascoltando musica classica, a sei anni inizia a frequentare la London Guildhall School Of Music, dove studia pianoforte e violino. Grazie anche all’influenza del fratello Rowland Constantine (detto Rollo), futuro leader del gruppo pop Faithless, entra in contatto con i generi musicali più svariati; comincia quindi a fare esperienza come cantante in varie band, prima di entrare nei Faithless nel ruolo di seconda vocalist. Con il gruppo parteciperà alla registrazione di Reverence (1996) e di Sunday 8pm (1998).
Nel 1995 Dido comincia a scrivere anche materiale proprio traendone varie demo, che, riunite in una raccolta intitolata Odds & Ends pubblicata su cd, catturano l’attenzione dell’Arista Records, portando alla firma di un contratto con Dido negli USA. Delle canzoni incluse in Odds & Ends, Take my hand è stata inclusa come bonus track in tutte le edizioni di No Angel, Sweet eyed baby è stata remixata e reintitolata Don’t think of me, mentre Worthless e Me sono state incluse solo nell’edizione giapponese.
https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dido_(cantante)
Dido Florian Cloud de Bounevialle O’Malley Armstrong, known as Dido (/ˈdaɪdoʊ/, born 25 December 1971), is a British singer and songwriter. Dido attained international success with her debut album No Angel (1999). It sold over 21 million copies worldwide,[3] and won several awards, including the MTV Europe Music Award for Best New Act, two NRJ Awards for Best New Act and Best Album, and two Brit Awards for Best British Female and Best Album. Her next album, Life for Rent (2003), continued her success with the hit singles “White Flag” and “Life for Rent”.
Dido’s first two albums are among the best-selling albums in UK Chart history, and both are in the top 10 best-selling albums of the 2000s in the UK. Her third studio album, Safe Trip Home (2008), received critical acclaim but failed to duplicate the commercial success of her previous efforts.[5] She was nominated for an Academy Award for the song “If I Rise”. Dido was ranked No. 98 on the Billboard chart of the top Billboard 200 artists of the 2000s (2000–2009) based on the success of her albums in the first decade of the 21st century.[7] Dido made a comeback in 2013, releasing her fourth studio album Girl Who Got Away, which reached the Top 5 in the United Kingdom.

Bruce Cockburn playlist


[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4s2zN9j78LM&list=PLQXCjPp9upb_0J83QGoCj_6Y4dwXJnfiH]

Bruce Cockburn (Ottawa, 27 maggio 1945) è un cantautore canadese.

Il suo stile, con il personalissimo modo di suonare la chitarra, fonde generi come pop, folk, rock, reggae e jazz. Le liriche sono ispirate dalla sua visione umanistica e metafisica della vita vicina all’etica cristiana. 

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruce_Cockburn

Bruce Douglas Cockburn OC (/ˈkbərn/; born May 27, 1945)[1] is a Canadian guitarist and singer-songwriter whose career spans over 40 years. His song styles range from folk to jazz-influenced rock and his lyrics cover a broad range of topics that reveal a passion for human rights, politics and spirituality.

In 2014, he released his memoirs, Rumours of Glory: A Memoir.[2]  

Cockburn was born in 1945 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and spent some of his early years on a farm outside Pembroke, Ontario. He has stated in interviews that his first guitar was one he found around 1959 in his grandmother’s attic, which he adorned with golden stars and used to play along to radio hits.[3] Cockburn attended Nepean High School, where his 1964 yearbook photo states his desire “to become a musician”.[4]He attended Berklee School of Music in Boston for three semesters in the mid-1960s. In 1966 he joined an Ottawa band called The Children, which lasted for about a year. In the spring of 1967 he joined the final lineup of The Esquires. He moved to Toronto that summer to form The Flying Circus with former Bobby Kris & The Imperials members Marty Fisher and Gordon MacBain and ex-Tripp member Neil Lillie. The group recorded some material in late 1967 (which remains unreleased) before changing its name to Olivus in the spring of 1968, by which time Lillie (who changed his name to Neil Merryweather) had been replaced by Dennis Pendrith from Livingstone’s Journey. Olivus opened for The Jimi Hendrix Experience and Cream in April 1968. That summer Cockburn broke up the band with the intention of going solo, but ended up in the band 3’s a Crowd with David Wiffen, Colleen Peterson, and Richard Patterson, who had been a co-member of The Children. Cockburn left 3’s a Crowd in the spring of 1969 to pursue a solo career.

Cockburn’s first solo appearance was at the Mariposa Folk Festival in 1967, and in 1969 he was a headliner. In 1970 he released his self-titled, solo album. Cockburn’s guitar work and songwriting won him an enthusiastic following. His early work featured rural and nautical imagery and Biblical metaphors. Raised as an agnostic, early in his career he became a Christian.[5] Many of his albums from the 1970s refer to Christianity, which in turn informs his concerns for human rights and environmentalism. His references to Christianity include the Grail imagery of 20th-century Christian poet Charles Williams and the ideas of theologian Harvey Cox.[6]

In 1970 Cockburn became partners with Bernie Finkelstein in the music publishing firm Golden Mountain Music.[7]

While Cockburn had been popular in Canada for years, he did not have a big impact in the United States until 1979, with the release of the album Dancing in the Dragon’s Jaws. “Wondering Where the Lions Are“, the first single from that album, reached No. 21 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US in June 1980, and earned Cockburn an appearance on NBC‘s hit TV show Saturday Night Live.

Cockburn was married from 1969 to 1980 and has a daughter from that marriage.[citation needed] He wrote the song “Little Seahorse”, released on In the Falling Dark, in late 1975 about the time when his daughter wasin utero.[citation needed]

Through the 1980s Cockburn’s songwriting became increasingly urban, global and political as he became more involved with progressive causes. His political concerns were first hinted at on the albums: Humans,Inner City Front and The Trouble with Normal. They became more evident in 1984, with his second US radio hit, “If I Had a Rocket Launcher” (No. 88 in the US) from the Stealing Fire album. He had written the song a year earlier, after visiting Guatemalan refugee camps in Mexico that were attacked by Guatemalan military helicopters. His political activism continues to the present. Cockburn has travelled to countries such as Mozambique and Iraq, played benefit concerts, and written songs on a variety of subjects ranging from the International Monetary Fund to land mines. His internationalist bent is reflected in the many world musicinfluences in his music, including reggae and Latin music.

In 1991 Intrepid Records released Kick at the Darkness, a tribute album to Cockburn whose title comes from a phrase in his song “Lovers in a Dangerous Time“. It features the Barenaked Ladies‘ cover of that song, which became their first Top 40 hit and an element in their early success. This lyric was also referenced by U2 in their song “God Part II” from their album Rattle and Hum.

In the early 1990s, Cockburn teamed with T-Bone Burnett for two albums, Nothing but a Burning Light and Dart to the Heart. The latter included a song, “Closer to the Light”, inspired by the death of songwriter Mark Heard, a close friend of Cockburn and Burnett. Cockburn frequently refers to Heard as his favourite songwriter and he was one of many artists who paid tribute to Heard on an album and video titled Strong Hand of Love.

In 1998 Cockburn travelled with filmmaker Robert Lang to Mali, West Africa, where he jammed with Grammy Award-winning blues musician Ali Farka Toure and kora master Toumani Diabate. The month-long journey was documented in the film River of Sand, which won the Regard Canadien award for best documentary at the Vues d’Afrique Film Festival in Montreal. It was also invited for competition at the International Festival of Environmental Films in Paris.[8]

Some of Cockburn’s previously published material had been collected in several albums: Resume, Mummy Dust, and Waiting for a Miracle. His first greatest hits collection was Anything Anytime Anywhere: Singles 1979–2002, released in 2002.

In January 2003 Cockburn finished recording his 21st album, You’ve Never Seen Everything, which features contributions from Emmylou Harris, Jackson Browne, Sam Phillips, Sarah Harmer, Hugh Marsh, Jonell Mosser, Larry Taylor and Steven Hodges. (Taylor and Hodges, formerly of Canned Heat who performed at Monterey and Woodstock in the 1960s, may be known best for their work with Tom Waits).

Cockburn performed a set at the Live 8 concert in Barrie, Ontario, on July 2, 2005. Speechless, an instrumental compilation of new and previously released material, was released on October 24, 2005. His 22nd album, Life Short Call Now, was released on July 18, 2006.

Canadian senator and retired general Roméo Dallaire, who is active in humanitarian fundraising and promoting awareness, appeared on stage at the University of Victoria with Cockburn. The October 4, 2008, concert was held to aid the plight of child soldiers.[9]

In 2009 Cockburn travelled to Afghanistan to visit his brother, Capt. John Cockburn, and to play a concert for Canadian troops. He performed his 1984 song “If I Had a Rocket Launcher” and was temporarily awarded an actual rocket launcher by the military. Cockburn has stated that, while unsure of the original Invasion of Afghanistan, he supported Canada’s role there.[10]

Cockburn released his studio album Small Source of Comfort in 2011. “Lois on the Autobahn”, a cheerful and experiential instrumental recalling “Rouler sa bosse” from Salt, Sun and Time is a tribute to Cockburn’s mother, Lois, who succumbed to cancer in 2010.[citation needed]

Cockburn married his longtime girlfriend M.J. Hannett shortly after the birth of his second daughter, Iona (b. November 2011) in 2011.[11][12] As of 2014, the family lives in the San Francisco area, where Cockburn is writing his memoirs up to 2004.[13]

A documentary film, Bruce Cockburn Pacing the Cage,[14][15] was released in 2013 on television and a brief theatrical showing; directed by Joel Goldberg, gave a rare look into Cockburn’s music, life and politics

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruce_Cockburn

Ai confini della scoperta – On the edge of discovery


Ai confini della scoperta

E’ il canto dell’anima
tra sogni e scogli
che increspano il mare
ai confini della scoperta

Oltre la cortina di nubi
è il sorriso del mondo
che ruota con il sole
perchè tutto sia vita

Sono aliti di cielo
a regalare memoria
di sirene ed avventure
in un porto dormiente

Anche oggi si dona
la presenza costante
dell’ultimo pescatore
all’ormeggio del cuore

15.03.2008 Poetyca


At the edge of discovery

It ‘s the song of the soul
between dreams and rocks
that ripple the sea
the edge of discovery

Beyond the curtain of clouds
is the smile in the world
that rotates with the sun
because everything is life

Are breaths of air
to give memory
sirens and adventures
sleeping in a port

Even today it gives
the constant presence
last fisherman
berth of the heart

15.03.2008 Poetyca

Senza più confine – No more border


Senza più confine

Vorrei accennare
un passo di danza
tra i respiri di questa sera
e i riflessi di luna sul mare.

Raccogliere sorrisi d’anima
per tingere le tele del silenzio
dove tutto è vortice lieve
che accarezza l’istante.

Vorrei un eterno abbraccio
che accompagni tra stanze segrete
dove in un sussurro ti racconterei
voci e palpiti di fantasie e realtà.

Vorrei abbandonare tutte le paure
sul ciglio di questa strada
ed essere viandante che ricorda
ogni orma rincorsa e lasciata

Essere quel che sono adesso
nella magia di un riflesso di cristallo
sul mare che s’increspa ed accoglie
tutte le voci del mondo senza più confine.

01.08.2008 Poetyca

No more border

I would like to mention
a dance step
between breaths tonight
and the reflection of the moon on the sea.

Collect smiles soul
to dye the canvas of silence
where everything is slight vortex
That Shakes the moment.

I would like an eternal embrace
accompanying between secret rooms
where a whisper would tell you
voices and beats of fantasy and reality.

I would like to leave all fears
on the side of the road
wayfarer and to be reminded that
every step run-up and left

Be what they are now
a reflection in the magic of crystal
ripples on the sea and welcomes
all items in the world without borders.

01.08.2008 Poetyca

Morrissey


Steven Patrick Morrissey, meglio conosciuto solo come Morrissey (Manchester, 22 maggio 1959), è un cantante britannico, di origini irlandesi. Giunto al successo, negli anni ottanta, come voce principale della band inglese The Smiths, nel 1987, dopo la separazione del gruppo, si avviò a una carriera solista durante la quale ha pubblicato diversi album, incrementando ulteriormente la propria popolarità a livello internazionale.

Considerato tra i più importanti precursori e innovatori della musica indie, nel 2007, il quotidiano inglese Daily Telegraph l’ha inserito nella classifica dei cento geni viventi. Nel 2008, è stato invece annoverato tra i cento grandi cantanti di tutti i tempi, in una classifica stilata dalla rivista Rolling Stone.

Il 7 ottobre 2014 ha dichiarato che lotta contro un cancro da 18 mesi e per quattro volte è stato operato per l’asportazione di tessuti neoplastici.

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morrissey

Steven Patrick Morrissey (born 22 May 1959), commonly known by his last name, Morrissey, or by his nickname, Moz, is an English singer, lyricist, and novelist. He rose to prominence in the 1980s as the lyricist and vocalist of the rock band The Smiths. The band was highly successful in the United Kingdom but broke up in 1987, and Morrissey began a solo career, making the top ten of the UK Singles Chart on ten occasions. His first solo album, 1988’s Viva Hate, entered the UK Albums Chart at number one.

Morrissey is widely regarded as an important innovator in the indie music scene; music magazine NME considers Morrissey to be “one of the most influential artists ever”, while The Independent says, “Most pop stars have to be dead before they reach the iconic status he has reached in his lifetime.” In 2004, Pitchfork Media called him “one of the most singular figures in Western popular culture from the last 20 years.”

Morrissey’s lyrics have been described as “dramatic, bleak, funny vignettes about doomed relationships, lonely nightclubs, the burden of the past and the prison of the home”. He is also noted for his unusual baritone vocal style (though he sometimes uses falsetto), his quiff hairstyle and his dynamic live performances. In the media, Morrissey’s forthright and often contrarian opinions have caused many controversies; he has attracted media attention for his strong advocacy of vegetarianism and animal rights. He describes himself in his autobiography as an animal protectionist.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morrissey

Per essere miele – To be honey


Per essere miele

Il tempo scorre
senza un gemito
con incollato il cuore
che rincorre lo spasimo
di quell’ultimo istante

L’ho vissuto e raccolto
soffiato lieve nell’anima
per farne fonte di forza
ed insostituibile tepore

S’offre e palpita…
a n c o r a
tra le anse discrete
della tua solitudine

Senza verbo
incide l’attesa
per essere miele
del tuo alveare

30.01.2008 Poetyca

To be honey

Time flows
without a whimper
stuck with the heart
that runs after the spasm
of that last moment

The’ve experienced and harvest
blown light in the soul
to make it a source of strength
and irreplaceable warmth

Yields itself and beats …
c o n r a
between the discrete loops
your loneliness

Without verb
affect the expected
for to be honey
of your hive

30.01.2008 Poetyca

Devo


I Devo sono un gruppo musicale statunitense formatosi ad Akron (Ohio) nel 1972.

Il loro stile musicale è stato classificato come punk, art rock o post-punk, ma sono per lo più ricordati come una delle band-simbolo della New wave. Sono oggi considerati dalla critica un gruppo fondamentale per l’evoluzione del rock contemporaneo.

Il gruppo viene fondato da Gerald Casale, Bob Lewis e Mark Mothersbaugh, nel 1972.

Il nome “Devo” viene dal termine “de-evolution” (de-evoluzione), teoria secondo cui l’umanità, invece che continuare ad evolversi, avrebbe cominciato a regredire, come dimostrerebbero le disfunzioni e la mentalità gretta della società americana. Tale teoria era frutto di uno scherzo di Casale e Lewis, nato nella fine degli anni sessanta, quando i due frequentavano la Kent State University.

La prima formazione prevedeva sei componenti: i fratelli Gerald e Bob Casale (basso e voce il primo, chitarra, tastiere e cori il secondo), Bob Lewis (chitarra), Mark Mothersbaugh (voce, sintetizzatori e chitarra), Rod Reisman (batteria) e Fred Weber (voce). La loro prima performance avviene nel 1973 al Performing Arts Festival della Kent State University.[6] Dopo questa prima esibizione, il gruppo abbandona Reisman e Weber, e ingaggia Jim Mothersbaugh alla batteria elettronica e Bob Mothersbaugh alla chitarra, entrambi fratelli di Mark. Negli anni a venire, il gruppo passerà attraverso cambi di formazione, che vedono, tra gli altri, l’abbandono di Jim Mothersbaugh, ed esibizioni dal vivo conflittuali.

Nel 1976 viene reclutato il batterista Alan Myers alla batteria, che sancisce una formazione solida che durerà dieci anni circa.

Lo stile del gruppo, ironico, pungente, irriverente e critico nei confronti della società moderna, inserito in un contesto estetico che rimanda a una sorta di fantascienza al limite del kitsch, gli fa guadagnare la simpatia di artisti noti come Neil Young e David Bowie, nonché apparizioni in film dei quali Mark Mothersbaugh curerà la colonna sonora. Il gruppo sarà anche pioniere nell’uso del videoclip, il più noto dei quali, Whip It, godrà di una massiccia presenza nei primi mesi di vita di MTV.

Nel 1977, grazie anche a Bowie e Iggy Pop, ottengono un contratto con la Warner Bros. Il loro primo album, Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! viene prodotto nientemeno che da Brian Eno. L’anno successivo sono ospiti del Saturday Night Live, dove si esibiranno in una cover di (I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction dei Rolling Stones.

Nel 1984, lo scarso successo commerciale del sesto album Shout e l’abbandono del batterista Myers, costringono il gruppo a rinunciare al tour di promozione, con conseguente pausa delle attività. Nel frattempo, Mark Mothersbaugh si diletta nella produzione di musica per la televisione, nonché di un progetto solista, Musik for Insomniaks.

Nel 1987 il gruppo si riforma con un nuovo batterista, David Kendrick, precedentemente con gli Sparks. L’anno successivo esce Total Devo, che contiene brani che compariranno in alcuni B movie come Slaughterhouse Rock e The Tapeheads, con John Cusack e Tim Robbins.

Nel 1990 esce Smooth Noodle Maps, che non raccoglie grandi consensi di pubblico e critica, e l’anno successivo il gruppo si scioglie nuovamente. Successivamente, Mark Mothersbaugh fonda uno studio di registrazione per produzioni musicali commerciali, il Mutato Muzika, insieme col fratello Bob e Bob Casale. Lo studio lavora principalmente per produzioni televisive come sigle, programmi, cartoni animati, videogame e film, tra cui alcuni di Wes Anderson. Nel frattempo, Gerald Casale intraprende una carriera come regista di spot pubblicitari e video musicali, per gruppi come Rush, Silverchair e Foo Fighters.

Nel 1995 il gruppo appare nella colonna sonora del film Tank Girl, e l’anno successivo si esibisce al Sundance Film Festival e al Lollapalooza proponendo alcuni classici del periodo tra il 1978 e il 1982.

Pur non pubblicando album fino al 2010, il gruppo produce una serie di singoli per compilation, produzioni televisive, spot pubblicitari per aziende come Dell e la multinazionale Target.

Nel 2006 collaborano con la Disney per un progetto chiamato Devo 2.0, un gruppo composto da bambini che suonano classici dei Devo.

Nel 2008 l’azienda McDonald’s propone un personaggio in omaggio che indossa l’Energy dome, il tipico copricapo dei Devo in plastica rossa a forma di ziqqurat circolare. Il gruppo intenterà una causa alla multinazionale, che successivamente alcuni blog riporteranno come “amichevolmente risolta”.

Nel 2010 esce il loro ultimo album Something for Everybody, a vent’anni dal precedente.

Nel 2013 il loro ex batterista Alan Myers muore a causa di un tumore cerebrale.

Il 17 febbraio 2014 muore improvvisamente Bob Casale, membro fondatore del gruppo, per arresto cardiaco.

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devo
Devo (/ˈdiːvoʊ/, originally /diːˈvoʊ/) is an American rock band formed in 1972, consisting of members from Kent and Akron, Ohio. The classic line-up of the band included two sets of brothers, the Mothersbaughs (Mark and Bob) and the Casales (Gerald and Bob), along with Alan Myers. The band had a No. 14 Billboard chart hit in 1980 with the single “Whip It”, and has maintained a cult following throughout its existence.

Devo’s style, over time, has shifted between punk, art rock, post-punk and new wave. Their music and stage show mingle kitsch science fiction themes, deadpan surrealist humor, and mordantly satirical social commentary. Their often discordant pop songs feature unusual synthetic instrumentation and time signatures that have proven influential on subsequent popular music, particularly new wave, industrial and alternative rock artists. Devo was also a pioneer of the music video, creating many memorable clips for the LaserDisc format, with “Whip It” getting heavy airplay in the early days of MTV.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devo

The Beatles Playlist (Greatest Hits)


[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=33iz-1Mfus4&list=PLz2n4ChRKOrfqsabO_FKd70qHY67BDzHh]

The Beatles sono stati un gruppo musicale rock inglese[5], originario di Liverpool e attivo dal 1960 al 1970. La formazione ha segnato un’epoca nella musica, nel costume, nella moda e nella pop art[6]. Ritenuti un fenomeno di comunicazione di massa di proporzioni mondiali[7], a distanza di vari decenni dal loro scioglimento ufficiale – e dopo la morte di due dei quattro componenti – i Beatles contano ancora un enorme seguito e numerosi sono i loro fan club esistenti in ogni parte del mondo[8].

Secondo una stima del 2001, è risultato in assoluto il gruppo musicale di maggior successo commerciale, con vendite complessive che superano il miliardo di dischi e di musicassette[9], e per la rivista Rolling Stone i Beatles sono i più grandi artisti di tutti i tempi[10].

L’aura che circonda lo sviluppo del loro successo mediatico e che ha favorito la nascita della cosiddetta Beatlemania e lo straordinario esito artistico raggiunto comemusicisti rock sono inoltre oggetto di studio di università, psicologi e addetti del settore

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles

The Beatles were an English rock band that formed in Liverpool in 1960. With members John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr, they became widely regarded as the greatest and most influential act of the rock era.[1] Rooted in skiffle, beat and 1950s rock and roll, the Beatles later experimented with severalgenres, ranging from pop ballads and Indian music to psychedelia and hard rock, often incorporating classical elements in innovative ways. In the early 1960s, their enormous popularity first emerged as “Beatlemania“, but as the group’s music grew in sophistication, led by primary songwriters Lennon and McCartney, they came to be perceived as an embodiment of the ideals shared by the era’s sociocultural revolutions.

The Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period from 1960. Manager Brian Epstein moulded them into a professional act and producer George Martin enhanced their musical potential. They gained popularity in the United Kingdom after their first hit, “Love Me Do“, in late 1962. They acquired the nickname “the Fab Four” as Beatlemania grew in Britain over the following year, and by early 1964 they had become international stars, leading the “British Invasion” of the United States pop market. From 1965 onwards, the Beatles produced what many consider their finest material, including the innovative and widely influential albums Rubber Soul (1965), Revolver (1966), Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967), The Beatles (commonly known as the White Album, 1968) andAbbey Road (1969).

After their break-up in 1970, they all enjoyed successful musical careers of varying lengths. McCartney and Starr, the surviving members, remain musically active. Lennon was shot and killed in December 1980, and Harrison died of lung cancer in November 2001.

According to the RIAA, the Beatles are the best-selling music artists in the United States, with 178 million certified units. They have had more number-one albums on the British charts and sold more singles in the UK than any other act. In 2008, the group topped Billboard magazine’s list of the all-time most successful “Hot 100” artists; as of 2015, they hold the record for most number-one hits on the Hot 100 chart with twenty. They have received ten Grammy Awards, an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score and fifteen Ivor Novello Awards. Collectively included in Time magazine’s compilation of the twentieth century’s 100 most influential people, they are the best-selling band in history, with estimated sales of over 600 million records worldwide.[2][3] The group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, with all four being inducted individually as well from 1994 to 2015.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles

The Best Of Jeff Buckley


[youtube https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL471682480210921C]

Jeffrey Scott Buckley (Anaheim, 17 novembre 1966 – Memphis, 29 maggio 1997) è stato un cantautore e chitarrista statunitense.

Figlio del cantautore Tim Buckley, Jeff riscosse in vita la maggior fetta di fama in Francia e Australia e poi, dopo il suo decesso avvenuto per annegamento il 29 maggio 1997, in tutto il mondo, tanto che i suoi lavori rimasero famosi nel tempo e appaiono regolarmente nelle classifiche delle riviste di settore.

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeff_Buckley

Jeffrey ScottJeffBuckley (November 17, 1966 – May 29, 1997), raised as Scott “Scottie” Moorhead, was an American singer-songwriter and guitarist. After a decade as a session guitarist in Los Angeles, Buckley amassed a following in the early 1990s by playing cover songs at venues in Manhattan‘s East Village, such as Sin-é, gradually focusing more on his own material. After rebuffing much interest from record labels and his father’s manager Herb Cohen he signed with Columbia, recruited a band, and recorded what would be his only studio album, Grace, in 1994. Rolling Stone considered him one of the greatest singers of all time.

Over the following two years, the band toured widely to promote the album, including concerts in the U.S., Europe, Japan, and Australia. In 1996, they stopped touring and made sporadic attempts to record Buckley’s second album in New York with Tom Verlaine as producer. In 1997, Buckley moved to Memphis, Tennessee, to resume work on the album, to be titled My Sweetheart the Drunk, recording many four-track demos while also playing weekly solo shows at a local venue. On May 29, 1997, while awaiting the arrival of his band from New York, he drowned during a spontaneous evening swim, fully clothed, in the Mississippi River when he was caught in the wake of a passing boat; his body was found on June 4.

Since his death, there have been many posthumous releases of his material, including a collection of four-track demos and studio recordings for his unfinished second album My Sweetheart the Drunk, expansions of Grace, and the Live at Sin-é EP. Chart success also came posthumously: with his famous cover of Leonard Cohen‘s song “Hallelujah” he attained his first No. 1 on Billboards Hot Digital Songs in March 2008 and reached No. 2 in the UK Singles Chart that December. Buckley and his work remain popular and are regularly featured in “greatest” lists in the music press.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeff_Buckley

The Police


I Police sono stati un gruppo rock inglese nato a Londra nel 1977. A distanza di 23 anni dalla separazione, avvenuta nel 1984, seppur mai ufficializzata, i Police hanno inaspettatamente annunciato il 12 febbraio 2007 un tour mondiale che ha avuto luogo nella seconda metà di quell’anno con decine di concerti in America, Europa, Asia e Oceania. Il grande successo ha spinto il trio a proseguire il tour con una nutrita serie di date sino all’estate del 2008. Complessivamente i Police hanno venduto circa 75 milioni di dischi.

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Police

The Police were an English rock band formed in London in 1977. For the majority of their history, the band consisted of Sting (lead singer, bassist and principal songwriter), Andy Summers (guitarist) and Stewart Copeland (drummer). The Police became globally popular in the late 1970s and are generally regarded as one of the first new wave groups to achieve mainstream success, playing a style of rock that was influenced by punk, reggae, and jazz. They are also considered one of the leaders of the Second British Invasion of the U.S. They disbanded in 1986, but reunited in early 2007 for a one-off world tour that ended in August 2008.

Their 1978 debut album, Outlandos d’Amour, reached No. 6 in the UK, and their second album Reggatta de Blanc became the first of five consecutive UK No. 1 albums. Synchronicity from 1983 was
No. 1 in both the UK and U.S., and sold over 8 million copies in the U.S. alone. The Police have sold over 75 million records, making them one of the world’s best-selling artists of all time.They were the world’s highest-earning musicians in 2008, thanks to their reunion tour.

The band has won a number of music awards throughout their career, including six Grammy Awards, two Brit Awards—winning Best British Group once, an MTV Video Music Award, and in 2003 were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Four of their five studio albums appeared on Rolling Stone‍ ’​s list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. The Police were included among both Rolling Stone‍ ’​s and VH1’s lists of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Police

Bob Dylan – Bootleg Series (Complete) (Live)


Bob Dylan, nato con il nome di Robert Allen Zimmerman (Duluth, 24 maggio 1941), è un cantautore e compositore statunitense.

Distintosi anche come scrittore, poeta, attore, pittore, scultore e conduttore radiofonico, è una delle più importanti figure degli ultimi cinquant’anni nel campo musicale, in quello della cultura popolare e della letteratura a livello mondiale.[2][3][4]

La maggior parte delle sue canzoni più conosciute risale agli anni sessanta, quando l’artista si è posto come figura chiave del movimento di protesta americano. Canzoni come Blowin’ in the Wind e The Times They Are A-Changin’[5] sono diventate gli inni dei movimenti pacifisti e per i diritti civili.

I testi delle sue prime canzoni affrontano temi politici, sociali e filosofici e risentono di influenze letterarie, sfidando le convenzioni della musica pop e appellandosi allacontrocultura del tempo.

Nel corso degli anni Dylan ha ampliato e personalizzato il suo stile musicale arrivando a toccare molti generi diversi come country, blues, gospel, rock and roll, rockabilly,jazz e swing, ma anche musica popolare inglese, scozzese ed irlandese[6][7].

Oltre ad aver di fatto inventato (o re-inventato) la figura del cantautore contemporaneo[8][9], a Dylan si devono, tra le altre cose, l’ideazione del folk-rock (in particolare con l’album Bringing It All Back Home, del 1965)[10], il primo singolo di successo ad avere una durata non commerciale (gli oltre 6 minuti della celeberrima Like a Rolling Stone, del 1965)[11] e il primo album doppio della storia del rock (Blonde on Blonde, del 1966)[12]. Il video promozionale del brano Subterranean Homesick Blues (1965) è considerato da alcuni il primo videoclip in assoluto[13][14].

Tra i molti riconoscimenti che gli sono stati conferiti vanno menzionati almeno il Grammy Award alla carriera nel 1991[15], il Polar Music Prize (ritenuto da alcuni equivalente del premio Nobel in campo musicale[16]) nel 2000[17], il Premio Oscar nel 2001 (per la canzone Things Have Changed, dalla colonna sonora del film Wonder Boys, per la quale si è aggiudicato anche il Golden Globe)[18], il Premio Pulitzer nel 2008[19], la National Medal of Arts nel 2009[20] e la Presidential Medal of Freedom nel2012[21].

La rivista Rolling Stone lo inserisce al secondo posto nella lista dei 100 miglior artisti[22] e al settimo in quella dei 100 migliori cantanti[23].

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Dylan

 

Bob Dylan (/ˈdɪlən/; born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, artist, and writer. He has been influential in popular music and culture for more than five decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s when his songs chronicled social unrest, although Dylan repudiated suggestions from journalists that he was a spokesman for his generation. Nevertheless, early songs such as “Blowin’ in the Wind” and “The Times They Are a-Changin’” became anthems for the American civil rights and anti-war movements. Leaving his initial base in the American folk music revival, Dylan’s six-minute single “Like a Rolling Stone” altered the range of popular music in 1965. His mid-1960s recordings, backed by rock musicians, reached the top end of the United States music charts while also attracting denunciation and criticism from others in the folk movement.

Dylan’s lyrics have incorporated various political, social, philosophical, and literary influences. They defied existing pop music conventions and appealed to the burgeoningcounterculture. Initially inspired by the performances of Little Richard, and the songwriting of Woody Guthrie, Robert Johnson and Hank Williams, Dylan has amplified and personalized musical genres. His recording career, spanning 50 years, has explored the traditions in American song—from folk, blues, and country to gospel, rock and roll, and rockabilly to English, Scottish, and Irish folk music, embracing even jazz and the Great American Songbook. Dylan performs with guitar, keyboards and harmonica. Backed by a changing line-up of musicians, he has toured steadily since the late 1980s on what has been dubbed the Never Ending Tour. His accomplishments as a recording artist and performer have been central to his career, but his greatest contribution is considered his songwriting.

Since 1994, Dylan has published six books of drawings and paintings, and his work has been exhibited in major art galleries. As a musician, Dylan has sold more than 100 million records, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time; he has received numerous awards including Grammy, Golden Globe and Academy Award; he has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Minnesota Music Hall of Fame, Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame, and Songwriters Hall of Fame. The Pulitzer Prize jury in 2008 awarded him a special citation for “his profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power.” In May 2012, Dylan received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from Barack Obama.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Dylan

Deus


I dEUS sono un gruppo musicale indie rock di Anversa (Belgio), nato all’inizio degli anni novanta e tuttora attivo.
Il loro stile è caratterizzato da una eclettica combinazione di elementi tratti da diversi generi musicali, in particolare rock, punk, blues e jazz, in cui si
riconoscono l’influenza di artisti eterogenei quali Velvet Underground, Captain Beefheart, Charles Mingus e Leonard Cohen.
Il nucleo originale dei dEUS, formato da Tom Barman, Stef Kamil Carlens, Klaas Janzoons e Jules De Borgher, si formò nel 1991 ma pubblicò il primo album in studio nel 1994.

Il loro lavoro di debutto, Worst Case Scenario, viene talvolta considerato uno degli album più influenti degli anni ’90, e rivela già completamente
l’eclettismo stilistico di questa band. Vi si trovano elementi che ricordano Sonic Youth, Yo La Tengo e Pixies, composti in un art rock arricchito di soluzioni jazz e sperimentali.

Nel 1993 si unisce a loro l’eclettico chitarrista e pittore Rudy Trouvé, artefice delle copertine dei primi lavori, che lascerà la band due anni dopo.

Nel 1995 i dEUS pubblicarono un EP intitolato My Sister Is My Clock composto da una sola traccia della durata di 25 minuti e composta a sua volta da 13 brevi tracce.

Nel 1996 il loro secondo album In a Bar, Under the Sea, rispetto al precedente più orientato a soluzioni melodiche e pop, pur interpretate in uno spirito arty.

Dopo l’abbandono di Carlens (che decide di formare una band tutta sua, i Moondog Jr.), il gruppo pubblicò The Ideal Crash (1999), il loro disco più conosciuto, nel quale il gruppo riuscì a fondere l’anima psichedelica e alla continua ricerca di nuove sonorità, con quella più intima e pacata. In questo album infatti sono presenti canzoni che ricordano lo stile di Worst Case Scenario, come ad esempio la traccia d’apertura Put the freaks up front e la title track The Ideal Crash, ma anche canzoni più melodiche come Sister Dew e Instant Street, per finire al lo-fi di Dream sequence #1.

Barman nel 2003 scrive e dirige il film Any Way the Wind Blows.

Nel 2004 Barman ruppe il silenzio, collaborando con C.J. Bolland alla creazione del progetto di musica elettronica chiamato Magnus. Diversi cambiamenti di organico portarono più volte la band sul punto dello scioglimento. Nel 2005, tuttavia, Barman ha pubblicato (insieme a una formazione rinnovata e inedita:
Klaas Janzoons, Stéphane Misseghers, Alan Gevaert e Mauro Pawlowski) il quarto album dei dEUS, Pocket Revolution.

Nel 2007 il gruppo è tornato in studio per registrare il quinto lavoro dal titolo Vantage Point uscito il 21 aprile del 2008. A questo lavoro collabora Karin Dreijer Andersson dei Knife (in Slow). La protagonista del videoclip del singolo Eternal Woman è l’attrice toscana Martina Stella.

Il frontman Tom Barman nel gennaio 2011 aveva dichiarato che ad aprile 2011 sarebbe uscito il nuovo album dal titolo Keep You Close, uscita poi posticipata per il settembre dello stesso anno. Il 19 luglio 2011 esce il primo singolo, dal titolo Constant Now, mentre il nuovo album è uscito il 20 settembre dello stesso anno. Ospite della band, in due tracce, Greg Dulli (Afghan Whigs).

Poche settimane dopo la pubblicazione di Keep You Close, la band ritorna in sala di registrazione e attraverso il suo sito ufficiale la band annuncia l’uscita di un nuovo album, pubblicato l’8 giugno 2012 ed intitolato Following Sea.

Alla fine del 2014 la band pubblica, in occasione del ventennale dalla sua formazione, l’antologia doppia “Selected Songs 1994-2014” che raccoglie gli episodi più significativi tratti dalla loro discografia.

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/DEUS

Deus (styled as dEUS) is a rock band based in Antwerp, Belgium, whose only continuous members up to the present day are Tom Barman (vocals, guitars) and Klaas Janzoons (keyboards, violin). The rest of the band’s line-up currently consists of drummer Stéphane Misseghers, bassist Alan Gevaert and guitarist/backing vocalist Mauro Pawlowski.

Formed in 1991, Deus began their career as a covers band, but soon began writing their own material Their musical influences range from folk and punk to jazz and progressive rock. They first came to attention in Humo’s Rock Rally of 1992, and after the release of the four-track EP “Zea”, they were offered a recording contract with Island Records. They became the first Belgian indie act ever to sign to a major international label

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deus_(band)

Sulla nuvola – On the cloud


Sulla nuvola

Dolce rumore di nulla,
culla di sogni e sospiri,
là dove il tepore è sogno,
dove la stella guida da sempre.

Lo riconosci il sentiero?
Ricordi l’incisione che facesti
a quella quercia da bambino?

Non hai tempo, non hai mantenuto
l’antica promessa – volevo respirare
tutti i sogni del cuore – essere vivo!

Nuvola soffice t’accompagna
non è fuga, è la saggezza del ricordo:
Offerta di un dono che ti faccia aprire le ali.

Percorso a ritroso per riallacciare
un filo sottile alla memoria del cuore,
in armonia fatata che sa danzare
con colorate movenze di farfalla.

Respira oggi tutta la dolcezza,
sia miele a nutrire il tuo essere
perchè riaprendo gli occhi
saprai manifestare la perduta essenza
della tua iridescente anima.

31.05.2008 Poetyca


On the cloud

Soft sound of nothing
cradle of dreams and sighs,
where the warmth is a dream,
where the guiding star forever.

You recognize the path?
Remember that you made the incision
that oak as a child?

Do not have time, you have maintained
the old promise – I breathe
all the dreams of the heart – be alive!

Cloud soft with thee
not escape, is the wisdom of memory:
Offer a gift that makes you open the wings.

Way back to resume
a thin wire to the memory of the heart,
magic that can dance in harmony
movements with colorful butterfly.

Breathe Today all the sweetness,
and honey to nourish your being
because opening his eyes
know the show lost essence
Iridescent your soul.

31.05.2008 Poetyca

Big Star


[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KHoJK7F-KSM&list=PLYOdV_0yTuqV3Eb7HGNAsCzgtBpthEXl3]

I Big Star sono un gruppo statunitense indicato come progenitore del power pop.[1] La formazione nasce a Memphis, nel 1971, da un’idea di Alex Chilton (19502010), già voce nei Box Tops, e Chris Bell (19511978).

Esordiscono nel 1972 con #1 Record, disco pubblicato dall’etichetta soul Stax. La loro musica univa le armonie vocali dei Beatles e dei Beach Boys con le melodie e gli arpeggi di chitarra dei Byrds, il tutto filtrato attraverso un’energia rock che, solo a posteriori, i critici e gli storici definiranno come power pop.[1][2]

L’ingombrante personalità creativa dei due leader porta Bell a lasciare la band nel 1973, subito prima di registrare il secondo disco, Radio City (1974) che, fondandosi sulla scrittura del solo Chilton, denota molte più influenze soul e r’n’b.

Lo scarso successo di pubblico crea un’inevitabile crisi che porta la band – ovvero, Chilton, il bassista Andy Hummell e il batterista Jody Stephens – allo scioglimento. Era il 1975 ed era appena stato registrato un disco che vedrà la luce solo tre anni più tardi, per onorare la prematura scomparsa di Chris Bell, morto nel 1978 in un incidente d’auto. Il disco sarà Third/Sister Lovers e chiude la prima fase della carriera dei Big Star.

Dalla fine degli anni settanta in poi, i Big Star diventano quello che si definisce un gruppo di culto. Moltissime formazioni citano Chilton e Bell tra le influenze della loro musica (ricordiamo i R.E.M., i Replacements, i Posies, i Teenage Fanclub, i Jesus and Mary Chain dei primi due dischi) e l’attenzione degli appassionati verso quei tre dischi dimenticati diventa spinta per un vero e proprio passaparola che fa conoscere – in un circuito pur sempre circoscritto – le canzoni del gruppo.

La band decide quindi di tornare sulle scene nel 1993. Chilton e Stephens decidono di suonare dal vivo accompagnati da Jon Auer e Ken Stringfellow dei Posies. I risultati di questa riunione si possono sentire nel live Columbia: Live at Missoury University. Ma per aspettare un nuovo disco di canzoni devono passare altri dodici anni. Tanti ne distano tra il sopracitato disco e il nuovo In Space. Pubblicato nel 2005 per la Rykodisc con la stessa formazione del 1993. Il 15 settembre 2009 esce la prima raccolta del gruppo Keep an Eye on the Sky, box set di quattro dischi pubblicato dalla Rhino Records.[3]

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Star

Big Star was an American power pop band formed in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1971 by Alex Chilton, Chris Bell, Jody Stephens, and Andy Hummel. Despite exceptional reviews from critics and widely acknowledged influence upon numerous notable musicians, Big Star attained only cult status, lacking commercial success. The group broke up in 1974, but reorganized with a new line-up nearly 20 years later. In its first era, the band’s musical style drew on the vocal harmonies of The Beatles, as well as the swaggering rhythms of The Rolling Stones and the jangling guitars of The Byrds. To the resulting power pop, Big Star added dark, existential themes, and produced a style that foreshadowed the alternative rock of the 1980s and 1990s. Before it broke up, Big Star created a “seminal body of work that never stopped inspiring succeeding generations” in the words of Rolling Stone,[1] as the “quintessential American power pop band” and “one of the most mythic and influential cult acts in all of rock & roll”.[2]

Big Star’s first album—1972’s #1 Record—was met by enthusiastic reviews, but ineffective marketing by Stax Records and limited distribution stunted its commercial success. Frustration took its toll on band relations: Bell left not long after the first record’s commercial progress stalled, and Hummel left to finish his college education after a second album, Radio City, was completed in December, 1973. Like #1 Record, Radio City received excellent reviews,[3] but label issues again thwarted sales—Columbia Records, which had assumed control of the Stax catalog, likewise effectively vetoed its distribution. After a third album was deemed non-commercially viable and shelved before receiving a title, the band broke up late in 1974. Four years later, the first two Big Star LPs were released together in the UK as a double album. The band’s third album was finally issued soon afterward; entitled Third/Sister Lovers, it found limited commercial success. Shortly thereafter, Chris Bell was killed in a car accident at the age of 27.

The Big Star discography drew renewed attention in the 1980s when R.E.M., and The Replacements as well as other popular bands cited the group as an influence. In 1992, interest was further stimulated by Rykodisc‘s reissues of the band’s albums, complemented by a collection of Bell’s solo work.[4] In 1993, Chilton and Stephens reformed Big Star with recruits Jon Auer and Ken Stringfellow of The Posies, and gave a concert at the University of Missouri.[5] The band remained active, performing tours in Europe and Japan,[6] and released a new studio album, In Space, in 2005. Chilton died on March 17, 2010, after being admitted to a New Orleans hospital with heart problems.[7] Hummel, who was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, died on July 19, 2010.[8] These deaths left Stephens as the sole surviving founding member.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Star

Phil Collins – En Concert Complet a (Paris 2004)


Philip David Charles Collins (Londra, 30 gennaio 1951) è un cantautore, polistrumentista e musicista britannico, noto sia come solista sia come componente dello storico gruppo dei Genesis.

Collins è uno dei tre artisti (insieme a Paul McCartney e Michael Jackson), ad aver venduto oltre 150 milioni di album in tutto il mondo sia come solisti che come membri principali di una band[1].

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phil_Collins

Philip David Charles “Phil” Collins, LVO (born 30 January 1951),[6] is an English singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, music producer and actor. He gained fame as both the drummer and lead singer for the rock group Genesis, and he also gained worldwide fame as a solo artist.

Collins is one of the most successful songwriters and performers of all time, singing the lead vocals on dozens of hit albums and singles in the UK and the US between 1976 and 2010, either as a solo artist or with Genesis. His solo singles, sometimes dealing with lost love and often featuring his distinctive gated reverb drum sound, ranged from the atmospheric “In the Air Tonight“, dance-rock of “Sussudio“, piano-driven power balladAgainst All Odds“, to the political and religious connotations of “Another Day in Paradise“. Collins has been described by AllMusic as “one of the most successful pop and adult contemporary singers of the ’80s and beyond”.[1]

Collins joined Genesis in 1970 as the group’s drummer and became their lead vocalist in 1975 following the departure of the original lead singer Peter Gabriel. His solo career, which was launched in 1981 and was heavily influenced by his personal life and soul music, brought both himself and Genesis greater commercial success. Collins’s total worldwide sales as a solo artist are 150 million.[7] Collins has won numerous music awards throughout his career, including seven Grammy Awards, six Brit Awards—winning Best British Male three times, three American Music Awards, an Academy Award, two Golden Globe Awards and a Disney Legend Award in 2002 for his solo work.[8][9][10] He received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1999, was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2003, and into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Genesis in 2010.[11][12] Collins was listed at number 22 in Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the “100 Greatest Drummers of All Time”.[13]

Collins is one of only three recording artists (along with Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson) who have sold over 100 million albums worldwide both as solo artists and (separately) as principal members of a band.[14] During his most successful period as a solo artist between 1981 and 1990, Collins had three UK number-one singles and seven number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States, as well as a U.S. number one with Genesis in 1986. When his work with Genesis, his work with other artists, as well as his solo career is totalled, Collins had more top 40 hits on the Billboard Hot 100 chart during the 1980s than any other artist.[15] In 2008, Collins was ranked the 22nd most successful artist on the “Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists”.[16] Although one of the world’s best-selling recording artists and a highly respected drummer, Collins has garnered significant criticism over the years from music journalists and fellow artists. He announced his retirement in 2011 to focus on his family life,[17][18] though he continued to write songs and in 2013 he said he was considering a return to the music industry.[19]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phil_Collins

The best of Rolling Stones


I Rolling Stones sono un gruppo musicale rock britannico, composto da Mick Jagger (voce, armonica, chitarra), Keith Richards (chitarre, voce), Ronnie Wood (chitarre, cori) e Charlie Watts (batteria, percussioni). È una delle band più importanti e tra le maggiori espressioni della miscela tra i generi della musica rock e blues, quel genere musicale che è l’evoluzione del rock & roll anni cinquanta, da loro rivisitato in chiave più dura con ritmi lascivi, canto aggressivo, continui riferimenti al sesso e, talvolta, alle droghe pesanti.

Per il loro essere trasgressivi furono chiamati i “brutti, sporchi e cattivi” e contrapposti ai più rassicuranti Beatles, anche se tale contrapposizione fu spesso creata dagli stessi Rolling Stones che si comportavano in modo volutamente antitetico rispetto ai Beatles (con i quali ebbero peraltro sempre un ottimo rapporto di stima e amicizia), proponendo così un modello alternativo a uso e consumo della stampa musicale. I Rolling Stones sono stati, e sono tuttora, un’autentica pietra miliare nell’evoluzione della musica rock del XX secolo, portando sotto i riflettori il malcontento e di conseguenza la protesta di intere generazioni, incarnando così il travagliato spirito dei grandi bluesman del passato e scegliendo il titolo di una canzone di uno di questi (Muddy Waters) come nome del loro gruppo.

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Rolling_Stones

The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London in 1962. The first settled line-up consisted of Brian Jones (guitar, harmonica), Ian Stewart (piano), Mick Jagger (lead vocals, harmonica), Keith Richards (guitar), Bill Wyman (bass) and Charlie Watts (drums). Stewart was removed from the official line-up in 1963 but continued as occasional pianist until his death in 1985. Jones departed the band less than a month prior to his death in 1969, having already been replaced by Mick Taylor, who remained until 1975. Subsequently, Ronnie Wood has been on guitar in tandem with Richards. Following Wyman’s departure in 1993, Darryl Jones has been the main bassist. Other notable keyboardists for the band have included Nicky Hopkins, active from 1967 to 1982; Billy Preston through the mid 1970s (most prominent on Black and Blue) and Chuck Leavell, active since 1982. The band was first led by Jones but after teaming as the band’s songwriters, Jagger and Richards assumed de facto leadership.

The Rolling Stones were in the vanguard of the British Invasion of bands that became popular in the US in 1964–65. At first noted for their longish hair as much as their music, the band are identified with the youthful and rebellious counterculture of the 1960s. Critic Sean Egan states that within a year of the release of their 1964 debut album, they “were being perceived by the youth of Britain and then the world as representatives of opposition to an old, cruel order — the antidote to a class-bound, authoritarian culture.”[1] They were instrumental in making blues a major part of rock and roll and of changing the international focus of blues culture, to the less sophisticated blues typified by Chess Records artists such as Muddy Waters, writer of “Rollin’ Stone”, after which the band is named. After a short period of musical experimentation that culminated with the poorly received and largely psychedelic album Their Satanic Majesties Request (1967), the group returned to its bluesy roots with Beggars’ Banquet (1968) which—along with its follow-ups, Let It Bleed (1969), Sticky Fingers (1971) and Exile on Main St. (1972)—is generally considered to be the band’s best work and are considered the Rolling Stones’ “Golden Age”. Musicologist Robert Palmer attributed the “remarkable endurance” of the Rolling Stones to being “rooted in traditional verities, in rhythm-and-blues and soul music”, while “more ephemeral pop fashions have come and gone”.[2]

The band continued to release commercially successful records in the 1970s and sold many albums, with Some Girls (1978) and Tattoo You (1981) being their two most sold albums worldwide. In the 1980s, a feud between Jagger and Richards about the band’s musical direction almost caused the band to split but they managed to patch their relationship and had a big comeback with Steel Wheels (1989) which was followed by a big stadium and arena tour. Since the 1990s, new recorded material from the group has been increasingly less well-received and less frequent. Despite this, the Rolling Stones have continued to be a huge attraction on the live circuit, with big stadium tours in the 1990s and 2000s. By 2007, the band had made what were then four of the top five highest-grossing concert tours of all time (Voodoo Lounge Tour (1994–95), Bridges to Babylon Tour (1997–99), Licks Tour (2002–03) and A Bigger Bang Tour (2005–07).[3]

The Rolling Stones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989, and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2004. Rolling Stone magazine ranked them fourth on the “100 Greatest Artists of All Time” list, and their estimated album sales are above 250 million. They have released twenty-nine studio albums, eighteen live albums and numerous compilations. Let It Bleed (1969) was their first of five consecutive number one studio and live albums in the UK. Sticky Fingers (1971) was the first of eight consecutive number one studio albums in the US. In 2008, the band ranked 10th on the Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists chart. In 2012, the band celebrated its 50th anniversary.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Rolling_Stones

Neil Young – The Needle & The Damage Done


[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UyRwde95sfE&list=PL76C4C09DDAFF76C8]

Neil Percival Young (Toronto, 12 novembre 1945) è un cantautore e chitarrista canadese.

Dopo aver debuttato giovanissimo con la storica formazione dei Buffalo Springfield e aver raggiunto il successo nel supergruppo Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young,[1] Neil si è imposto come uno dei più carismatici e influenti cantautori degli anni settanta,[2] contribuendo a ridefinire la figura del songwriter con album come After the Gold Rush e il vendutissimo Harvest.[3]

Artista solitario e tormentato,[3] capace di passare con disinvoltura dalla quiete della ballata acustica alla brutalità della cavalcata rock, per l’approccio spesso volutamente “grezzo” che contraddistingue tanto i suoi dischi quanto i suoi concerti è stato considerato da alcuni un precursore del punk,[3] mentre la ruvida passione delle sue performance ha spinto tanto la critica quanto gli appassionati e gli stessi musicisti ad acclamarlo negli anni novanta padrino del grunge.[3][4] È stato inoltre un personaggio determinante per l’evoluzione di generi come l’alternative country[5] e l’alternative rock in generale.[6]

Tratti inconfondibili del suo stile sono la voce acuta e nasale, la chitarra “sporca” e cacofonica, i testi introspettivi e malinconici (specie nella cosiddetta Trilogia del dolore,[7] culminata nell’album Tonight’s the Night,[8] da molti ritenuto il primo concept album della storia del rock a misurarsi con temi quali il dolore e la perdita) nonché l’immancabile camicia di flanella, divenuta negli anni un autentico status symbol alternativo.

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Young

Neil Percival Young, OC OM[4][5] (born November 12, 1945) is a Canadian singer-songwriter and musician. He began performing in a group covering Shadowsinstrumentals in Canada in 1960, before moving to California in 1966, where he co-founded the band Buffalo Springfield together with Stephen Stills and Richie Furay, and later joined Crosby, Stills & Nash in 1969. He released his first album in 1968 and has since forged a successful and acclaimed solo career, spanning over 45 years and 35 studio albums, with a continuous and uncompromising exploration of musical styles.[6] The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame website describes Young as “one of rock and roll’s greatest songwriters and performers”.[7] He was inducted into the Hall of Fame twice, first as a solo artist in 1995, and second as a member of Buffalo Springfield in 1997.[8]

Young’s music is characterized by his distinctive guitar work, deeply personal lyrics[9][10][11] and characteristic alto or high tenor singing voice.[12][13] Although he accompanies himself on several different instruments, including piano and harmonica, his idiosyncratic electric and clawhammer acoustic guitar playing are the defining characteristics of a varyingly ragged and melodic sound.

While Young has experimented with differing music styles throughout a varied career, including swing and electronic music, most of his best known work is either acousticfolk-rock and country rock or electric, amplified hard rock (most often in collaboration with the band Crazy Horse). Musical styles such as alternative rock and grunge also adopted elements from Young. His influence has caused some to dub him the “Godfather of Grunge“.[14]

Young has directed (or co-directed) a number of films using the pseudonym Bernard Shakey, including Journey Through the Past (1973), Rust Never Sleeps (1979),Human Highway (1982), Greendale (2003), and CSNY/Déjà Vu (2008). He has also contributed to the soundtracks of films including Philadelphia (1993) and Dead Man(1995).

Young is an environmentalist[15] and outspoken advocate for the welfare of small farmers, having co-founded in 1985 the benefit concert Farm Aid. He is currently working on a documentary about electric car technology, tentatively titled LincVolt. The project involves his 1959 Lincoln Continental converted to hybrid technology as an environmentalist statement.[16][17] In 1986, Young helped found The Bridge School,[18] an educational organization for children with severe verbal and physical disabilities, and its annual supporting Bridge School Benefit concerts, together with his ex-wife Pegi Young (née Morton). Young has three children: sons Zeke (born during his relationship with actress Carrie Snodgress) and Ben, who were diagnosed with cerebral palsy, and daughter Amber Jean who, like Young, has epilepsy. Young lives on his ranch in La Honda, California.[19] Although he has lived in northern California since the 1970s and sings as frequently about U.S. themes and subjects as he does about his native country, he has retained his Canadian citizenship.[20] On July 14, 2006, Young was awarded the Order of Manitoba,[5] and on December 30, 2009, was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.[4]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Young

 

The Best of the Doors


I Doors sono stati un gruppo musicale statunitense, fondato nel 1965 da Jim Morrison (cantante), Ray Manzarek (tastierista), Robby Krieger (chitarrista) e John Densmore (batterista), e scioltosi definitivamente dopo otto anni di carriera effettiva nel 1973[2], due anni dopo la morte di Jim Morrison (avvenuta il 3 luglio del 1971). Sono considerati uno dei gruppi più influenti e controversi nella storia della musica, alla quale hanno unito con successo elementi blues, psichedelia[2] e jazz[3][4]. Molti dei loro brani, come Light My Fire, The End, Hello, I Love You e Riders on the Storm, sono considerati dei classici e sono stati reinterpretati da numerosi artisti delle generazioni successive.

I Doors hanno venduto più di 100 milioni di dischi in tutto il mondo.[5][6] Tre album in studio della band, The Doors (1967), L.A. Woman (1971) e Strange Days (1967), sono presenti nella lista dei 500 migliori album, rispettivamente alle posizioni 42, 362 e 407. Nel 1993 i Doors furono inseriti nella Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Doors

 

The Doors were an American rock band formed in 1965 in Los Angeles, with vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, drummer John Densmore and guitaristRobby Krieger. The band took its name from the title of Aldous Huxley‘s book The Doors of Perception,[2] which itself was a reference to a William Blake quote: “If the doors of perception were cleansed every thing would appear to man as it is, infinite.”[3] They were among the most controversial, influential and unique rock acts of the 1960s and beyond, mostly because of Morrison’s wild, poetic[4] lyrics and charismatic but unpredictable stage persona. After Morrison’s death on 3 July 1971, aged 27, the remaining members continued as a trio until disbanding in 1973.[5]

Signing with Elektra Records in 1966, the Doors released eight albums between 1967 and 1971. All but one hit the Top 10 of the Billboard 200 and went platinum or better. The 1967 release of The Doors was the first in a series of top ten albums in the United States, followed by Strange Days (1967), Waiting for the Sun (1968), The Soft Parade (1969), Morrison Hotel (1970), Absolutely Live (1970) and L.A. Woman (1971), with 21 Gold, 14 Platinum and 5 Multi-Platinum album awards in the United States alone.[6] The band’s biggest hits are “Light My Fire” (US, number 1), “People Are Strange” (US, number 12), “Love Me Two Times” (US, number 25), “Hello, I Love You” (US, number 1), “The Unknown Soldier“, (US, number 39), “Touch Me” (US, number 3), “Love Her Madly” (US, number 11), and “Riders On The Storm” (US, number 14). After Morrison’s death in 1971, the surviving trio released two albums Other Voices and Full Circle with Manzarek and Krieger sharing lead vocals. The three members also collaborated on the spoken-word recording of Morrison’s An American Prayer in 1978 and on the “Orange County Suite” for a 1997 boxed set. Manzarek, Krieger and Densmore reunited in 2000 for an episode of VH1’s “Storytellers” and subsequently recorded Stoned Immaculate: The Music of the Doors with a variety of vocalists.

Although the Doors’ active career ended in 1973, their popularity has persisted. According to the RIAA, they have sold 36.6 million certified units in the US[7] and over 100 million records worldwide,[8] making them one of the best-selling bands of all time.[9] The Doors has been listed as one of the greatest artists of all time by many magazines, including Rolling Stone, which ranked them 41st on its list of The 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[10] The Doors were the first American band to accumulate eight consecutive gold and platinum LPs.[11]

In 2002 Manzarek and Krieger started playing together again, branding themselves as the Doors of the 21st Century, with Ian Astbury of the The Cult on vocals. Densmore opted to sit out and, along with the Morrison estate, sued the duo over proper use of the band name and won. After a short time as Riders On the Storm, they settled on the name Manzarek-Krieger and continued to tour until Manzarek’s death in 2013, at the age of 74.

Three of the band’s studio albums, The Doors (1967), L.A. Woman (1971), and Strange Days (1967), were featured in the Rolling Stone list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, at positions 42, 362 and 407 respectively.

The band, their work, and Morrison’s celebrity are considered important to the counterculture of the 1960s.[12][13][14][15][16]

The Doors were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Doors

Sussurro infinito – Infinite whisper


Sussurro infinito

Esprimi tutte le parole che sai,
falle scorrere piano sul foglio…
Come lacrime, come lampi di cielo notturno
e poi prendi fiato prima che possano
in un solo istante scagliarsi
a lasciare sgomenta questa notte
Offri la linfa del tuo essere
per rendere complice
solo quest’irripetibile istante
e non temere l’arrivo dell’alba
perchè sarà nascita e vita
a cullare ogni tua vibrante attesa
Io ascolto cullata dal sogno
che appeso alle stelle
sa scuotere ogni respiro
ed accolgo ora
le emozioni vive
che ci accompagnano ancora
Nulla sarà più
come prima della manifestazione
di questa polvere d’oro
che ricopre le palpebre
in un sussurro infinito d’amore
29.01.2008 Poetyca

Infinite whispers

Give all the words you know,
Slide it up on the sheet …
Like tears, like flashes of the night sky
and then take a breath before they can
in an instant lash
frightened to leave tonight
Offer the lifeblood of your being
to make accomplice
only quest’irripetibile moment
and do not fear the arrival of dawn
Why is birth and life
to cradle your every expectation vibrant
I listen lulled by a dream
that hung the stars
knows how to shake every breath
and welcome hour
emotions live
that is still with us
Nothing will be more
as before the event
This gold dust
covering the eyelids
in a whisper of endless love
29.01.2008 Poetyca

Best Of Bob Marley


[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K69A1lL1PHQ]

Robert Nesta Marley, detto Bob (Nine Mile, 6 febbraio 1945Miami, 11 maggio 1981), è stato un cantautore, chitarrista e attivista giamaicano.

generalmente identificato con il genere musicale reggae, che peraltro lo rese popolare fuori dalla Giamaica anzi, è più esatto affermare che grazie a Bob Marley questo genere (il reggae) fu apprezzato in tutto il mondo. In riconoscimento dei suoi meriti, un mese dopo la morte fu insignito del prestigioso Jamaican Order of Merit. In molte delle sue canzoni Marley denuncia l’emarginazione dei poveri da parte del potere.

La sua attività ha inizio nel 1961 con il suo primo singolo Judge Not prodotta per l’etichetta Beverley’s del produttore Leslie Kong, ma questa canzone, anche se molto innovativa, non ebbe grande successo e quindi nel 1964 Bob decise di formare la band The Wailers (Piagnoni); dopo il loro scioglimento, nel 1974, riforma la band reclutando nuovi elementi, ma continua a suonare e a pubblicare dischi con il nome Bob Marley and The Wailers. Nel 2008 è stato posizionato al 19º posto nella lista dei 100 migliori cantanti secondo Rolling Stone e tra le sue migliori “tracce vocali” ci sono I Shot the Sheriff, No Woman, No Cry, e Redemption Song

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Marley

Robert Nesta “Bob” Marley, OM (6 February 1945 – 11 May 1981) was a Jamaican reggae singer, songwriter, musician, and guitarist who achieved international fame and acclaim.[1][2] Starting out in 1963 with the group the Wailers, he forged a distinctive songwriting and vocal style that would later resonate with audiences worldwide. The Wailers would go on to release some of the earliest reggae records with producer Lee Scratch Perry.[3] After the Wailers disbanded in 1974,[4] Marley pursued a solo career that culminated in the release of the album Exodus in 1977, which established his worldwide reputation and produced his status as one of the world’s best-selling artists of all time, with sales of more than 75 million records.[5][6] He was a committed Rastafari who infused his music with a sense of spirituality

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Marley