Leonard Cohen


Leonard Norman Cohen (Montréal, 21 settembre 1934) è un cantautore, poeta, scrittore e compositore canadese. È uno dei cantautori più celebri, influenti e apprezzati della storia della musica.

Nelle sue opere esplora temi come la religione, l’isolamento e la sessualità, ripiegando spesso sull’individuo. Vincitore di numerosi premi e onorificenze, è inserito nellaRock and Roll Hall of Fame, nella Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame e nella Canadian Music Hall of Fame. È inoltre insignito del titolo di Compagno dell’Ordine del Canada, la più alta onorificenza concessa dal Canada. Nel 2011, ricevette il Premio Principe delle Asturie per la letteratura.

Leonard Norman Cohen, CC GOQ (born 21 September 1934) is a Canadian singer, songwriter, musician, painter, poet, and novelist. His work has explored religion, politics, isolation, sexuality, and personal relationships. Cohen has been inducted into both the Canadian Music Hall of Fame and the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame as well as the American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. He is also a Companion of the Order of Canada, the nation’s highest civilian honor. In 2011, Cohen received aPrincess of Asturias Awards for literature.

The critic Bruce Eder assessed Cohen’s overall career in popular music by asserting that “[he is] one of the most fascinating and enigmatic … singer/songwriters of the late ’60s … [and] has retained an audience across four decades of music-making…. Second only to Bob Dylan (and perhaps Paul Simon) [in terms of influence], he commands the attention of critics and younger musicians more firmly than any other musical figure from the 1960s who is still working at the outset of the 21st century.”

One of his notable novels, Beautiful Losers (1966) received attention from the Canadian press and was considered controversial because of a number of sexually graphic passages.[4] The Academy of American Poets has commented more broadly on Cohen’s overall career in the arts, including his work as a poet, novelist, and songwriter, stating that “Cohen’s successful blending of poetry, fiction, and music is made most clear in Stranger Music: Selected Poems and Songs, published in 1993, which gathered more than 200 of Cohen’s poems … several novel excerpts, and almost 60 song lyrics… While it may seem to some that Leonard Cohen departed from the literary in pursuit of the musical, his fans continue to embrace him as a Renaissance man who straddles the elusive artistic borderlines.”

Cohen’s first album was Songs of Leonard Cohen (1967) followed by Songs from a Room (1969) (featuring the often-recorded “Bird on the Wire”) and Songs of Love and Hate (1971). His 1977 record Death of a Ladies’ Man was co-written and produced by Phil Spector, which was a move away from Cohen’s previous minimalist sound. In 1979 Cohen returned with the more traditional Recent Songs, which blended his acoustic style with jazz and Oriental and Mediterranean influences. “Hallelujah” was first released on Cohen’s studio album Various Positions in 1984. I’m Your Man in 1988 marked Cohen’s turn to synthesized productions and remains his most popular album. In 1992 Cohen released its follow-up, The Future, which had dark lyrics and references to political and social unrest. Cohen returned to music in 2001 with the release ofTen New Songs, which was a major hit in Canada and Europe. In 2006 Cohen produced and co-wrote Blue Alert, a collaboration with jazz chanteuse Anjani Thomas. After the success of his 2008–13 world tours, Cohen released the highest charting album in his entire career, Old Ideas, to positive reviews. On 22 September 2014, one day after his 80th birthday, Cohen released his 13th studio album, Popular Problems, again to positive reviews.

David Crosby – The Alternate ‘Remember My Name’ Album

David Van Cortlandt Crosby (Los Angeles, 14 agosto 1941[1]) è un chitarrista e cantautore statunitense, inserito per due volte nella Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, nel 1991 assieme agli altri membri dei Byrds[2] e nel 1997 assieme a Stephen Stills e Graham Nash.

David Crosby è figlio di Floyd Crosby, un apprezzato direttore della fotografia statunitense. Inizialmente frequentò una scuola di arte drammatica, che però lasciò per intraprendere la carriera di musicista e inserirsi nell’ambiente del Greenwich Village. Fu membro dei Les Baxter Balladeers ai quali aveva partecipato anche Bob Dylan. La sua prima sessione da solista risale al 1963.

David Van Cortlandt Crosby (born August 14, 1941) is an American guitarist, singer, and songwriter. In addition to his solo career, he was a founding member of three bands: The Byrds; Crosby, Stills & Nash (CSN, who are sometimes joined by Neil Young as Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young [CSNY]); and CPR.

Crosby has been depicted as emblematic of the counterculture.[2][3][4]

Musically, he wrote or co-wrote Lady Friend, Why, and Eight Miles High with the Byrds and Guinnevere, Wooden Ships, Shadow Captain, and In My Dreams with Crosby, Stills & Nash. He wrote Almost Cut My Hair, and the title track Déjà Vu for Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young‘s 1970 debut. He is known for his use of alternate tuning, and jazz influence (notably on Eight Miles High, Wooden Ships, Déjà Vu and with his group CPR).

Crosby has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice: once for his work in The Byrds and once for his work with CSN.

David Crosby was born in Los Angeles, California. His parents were Aliph Van Cortlandt Whitehead (a descendent of the prominent Van Cortlandt family) and Floyd Crosby, an Academy Award–winning cinematographer and descendent of the Van Rensselaer family.[5] He is also the younger brother of musician Ethan Crosby. Growing up in California, he attended several schools, including the University Elementary School in Los Angeles, the Crane Country Day School in Montecito, andLaguna Blanca School in Santa Barbara for the rest of his elementary school and junior high.[6] At Crane, he starred in HMS Pinafore and other musicals but was asked not to return due to lack of academic progress. He graduated from the Cate School in Carpinteria, completing his studies by correspondence. In 1960, his parents divorced, and his father remarried Betty Andrews Crosby.

Crosby also attended Santa Barbara City College.[6] Originally, he was a drama student, but dropped out to pursue a career in music. He moved toward the same Greenwich Village scene (as a member of the Les Baxter‘s Balladeers) in which Bob Dylan participated, and even shared a mentor of Bob Dylan‘s in local scene favorite Fred Neil. With the help of producer Jim Dickson, Crosby recorded his first solo session in 1963.

Stephen Stills – Full Concert – 03/23/79 – Capitol Theatre (OFFICIAL)


Stephen Stills (Dallas, 3 gennaio 1945) è un chitarrista e cantautore statunitense.

È celebre per il suo lavoro nei gruppi Buffalo Springfield e Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young (inizialmente noti come “Crosby, Stills and Nash”; Young si unì alla band a partire dal secondo album).

Stills nacque il 3 gennaio 1945 a Dallas nel Texas. Il padre di Stills era un membro delle Forze Armate e la famiglia si trasferì diverse volte. Stills iniziò già da bambino ad interessarsi al blues e al folk. Durante un periodo passato in Costa Rica e nella Panama Canal Zone (dove completò le scuole superiori) conobbe anche la musica latino-americana.

Nei primi anni sessanta, Stills decise di intraprendere la carriera di musicista e abbandonò la University of Florida. Fu membro di diverse band di scarso successo, tra le quali ricordiamo i Continentals, in cui suonava anche Don Felder (poi chitarrista degli Eagles). Alla fine approdò a un gruppo corale composto da nove elementi, gli Au Go Go Singers, in cui incontrò Richie Furay. Il gruppo incise un album e intraprese un tour del Canada, durante il quale Stills e Furay conobbero il chitarrista Neil Young. Poco tempo dopo, gli Au Go Go Singers si sciolsero.

Stephen Arthur Stills (January 3, 1945) is an American musician and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work with Buffalo Springfield and Crosby, Stills & Nash (and Young). He performed on a professional level in several other bands as well as maintaining a solo career at the same time.

Stills was ranked #28 in Rolling Stone Magazine‘s 2003 list of “The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time”[1] and #47 in the 2011 list.[2] Stills became the first person to be inducted twice on the same night into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for his work with CSN and Buffalo Springfield.

Stills was raised in a military family. Moving around as a child, he developed an interest in blues and folk music. He was also influenced by Latin music after spending his youth in Gainesville and Tampa, Florida, Louisiana, Costa Rica, Panama Canal Zone and El Salvador, where he graduated from high school, and is an avid sailor. He also attended Admiral Farragut Academy in St. Petersburg, Florida and Saint Leo College Preparatory School in Saint Leo, Florida.[3]

Stills dropped out of University of Florida to pursue a music career in the early 1960s. He played in a series of bands including The Continentals, which featured futureEagles guitarist Don Felder. Stills could also be heard singing solo at Gerde’s Folk City, a well-known coffee house in Greenwich Village. Stills eventually ended up in a nine-member vocal harmony group, the house act at the famous Cafe Au Go Go in NYC, called the Au Go Go Singers, which included future Buffalo Springfield bandmateRichie Furay. This group did some touring in the Catskills and in the South, released one album in 1964, then broke up in 1965. Afterwards, Stills, along with four other former members of the Au Go Go Singers formed The Company, a folk-rock group. The Company embarked on a six-week tour of Canada where Stills met a young guitarist named Neil Young. On the VH1 CSNY Legends special, Stills said that Young was doing what he always wanted to do, “play folk music in a rock band.” The Company broke up in New York within four months; Stills did session work and went to various auditions. In 1966 he convinced a reluctant Richie Furay, then living in Massachusetts, to move with him to California.

Stills made an unsuccessful attempt to become one of The Monkees. He was turned down, not due to any lack of ability, but because of a conflict with his existing music publishing contract. So instead, he recommended his friend, multi-instrumentalist Peter Tork



Top Tracks for Buffalo Springfield

Buffalo Springfield furono un gruppo di folk-rock statunitense degli anni sessanta proveniente da Los Angeles formato da Neil Young, Stephen Stills, Richie Furay (poi Jim Messina), Bruce Palmer, Dewey Martin. Il gruppo ebbe vita breve: formatosi nel 1966, si sciolse due anni più tardi, nel 1968. I disaccordi personali fra Stills e Young, forti personalità musicali, uniti agli arresti per droga dei membri del gruppo e i continui cambi di formazione, furono probabilmente all’origine della precoce fine della band. Curiosamente Stills e Young si troveranno ancora a suonare insieme all’interno del gruppo CSN&Y, costituitosi un paio d’anni più tardi.

Nel corso della sua breve carriera il gruppo pubblicò solo tre album, ma numerosi nastri demo, outtakes, versioni alternative e registrazioni live dell’epoca, furono pubblicate in seguito nei decenni successivi.

Nonostante la breve vita della band, è riconosciuta essere una delle più influenti della sua epoca,[1][2] ed ha ricevuto riconoscimenti postumi dalla Rock and Roll Hall of Fame come formazione cruciale di quegli anni.[3]

Buffalo Springfield was an American-Canadian rock band formed in 1966 whose members included Richie Furay, Stephen Stills, Neil Young, Dewey Martin, Bruce Palmer, Jim Messina, Ken Koblun, and Jim Fielder which combined rock, folk, and country music. The band released the classic 1960s protest song “For What It’s Worth.”

The band was plagued by infighting, drug-related arrests, and line-up changes that led to its disbanding after two years. Three albums were released under its name, but many demos, studio outtakes, and live recordings remained and were issued in the decades that followed.[1]

They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997.

Gentle Giant – Sight an Sound in Concert (Full)

I Gentle Giant sono un gruppo musicale rock progressivo britannico, tra i più rappresentativi del rock progressivo britannico degli anni settanta.
I Gentle Giant furono fondati dai tre fratelli Shulman (Derek, Phil e Ray) nel 1970, un anno dopo lo scioglimento del precedente gruppo degli Shulman, Simon Dupree and the Big Sound. Ai fratelli si unirono il chitarrista Gary Green e il tastierista e vibrafonista Kerry Minnear; diversi batteristi si alternarono nel corso degli anni. Phil fu l’unico degli Shulman ad abbandonare il gruppo, nel 1972.

I primi album del gruppo, ovvero l’omonimo album di debutto e i successivi Acquiring the Taste (1971), Three Friends (1972), Octopus (1972) e In a Glass House (1973), sono generalmente considerati le opere più significative del gruppo. Sono caratterizzate da uno stile fortemente eclettico e sperimentale, che unisce elementi jazz e hard rock ad atmosfere medievali e barocche (un giornalista inglese, per definire la loro musica, coniò l’espressione baroque and roll). Fra i tratti più chiaramente distintivi di questi primi lavori si devono però citare soprattutto il polistrumentismo e la sovrapposizione di linee armoniche in modo talvolta ricercatamente dissonante (sovrapposizione spesso basata sull’artificio musicale della fuga). Un esempio tipico (da Acquiring the Taste) è Edge of Twilight che nel breve volgere di 3’30” circa vede l’impiego di una ventina di strumenti e l’intreccio di almeno sei temi musicali diversi. All’interno di queste strutture spesso classicheggianti si inserisce una chitarra particolarmente hard, dal suono molto saturato, e parti vocali basate su strutture armoniche complesse, simili per profondità polifonica a quelle di altri gruppi progressive come gli Yes, ma caratterizzate spesso dalla ricerca di originali dissonanze (ben lontane – ad esempio – dalle rassicuranti armonie di Jon Anderson) e da un uso sapiente del contrappunto.

In questa prima fase della loro storia, i Gentle Giant non ebbero la fortuna di mietere lo stesso successo di altri grandi del progressive (vedi ancora Yes, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, King Crimson). Curiosamente, ebbero un grande successo in diverse nazioni europee ma non nella loro madrepatria; né riuscirono a superare l’Atlantico.
Questa situazione iniziò a mutare a partire dal 1974, anno in cui il gruppo iniziò a riscuotere successo crescente negli Stati Uniti. Proprio a questo fattore alcuni attribuiscono un evidente mutamento di rotta iniziato con The Power and the Glory (1974) e completato nei successivi Free Hand e Interview (1976), tutte opere suonate principalmente con strumentazioni rock tradizionali, caratterizzate da strutture melodiche e ritmiche decisamente meno avventurose, e in cui si può dire che gli elementi caratterizzanti i primi Gentle Giant siano quasi parodiati (persino letteralmente parodiati: in un brano di “intervista” al gruppo incluso su Interview, alla domanda “come definireste la vostra musica?”, gli Shulman e compagni rispondono ripetendo tutti la stessa frase, sfasati nel tempo secondo uno dei loro classici schemi a “canone”). Il doppio album dal vivo Playing The Fool – Live registrato nell’autunno 1976 testimonia, tuttavia, come i loro concerti avessero, anche allora, conservato intatto lo spirito “eclettico” dei primi tempi, con avvicendamenti continui agli strumenti più disparati (dagli archi al flauto dolce), scambi di ruolo (il cantante che imbraccia il basso, il bassista la chitarra, l’intero gruppo che suona soltanto percussioni, ecc.) e una sorprendente abilità nel riproporre molto fedelmente perfino i complessi contrappunti vocali (il cofanetto DVD+CD Giant on the Box pubblicato nel 2004 e contenente esibizioni live del 1974-1975, ne è ulteriore documento).

Gentle Giant were a British progressive rock band active between 1970 and 1980. The band was known for the complexity and sophistication of its music and for the varied musical skills of its members. All of the band members, except Malcolm Mortimore, were multi-instrumentalists. Although not commercially successful, they did achieve a cult following.

The band’s onetime stated aim was to “expand the frontiers of contemporary popular music at the risk of becoming very unpopular”, although this stance was to alter significantly with time. While never achieving the commercial heights of progressive rock contemporaries such as Pink Floyd, Jethro Tull, Genesis, Yes or Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Gentle Giant was considered to be one of the most experimental bands in the genre (as well as one of the most experimental rock bands of the 1970s).

Gentle Giant’s music was considered complex even by progressive rock standards, drawing on a broad swath of music including folk, soul, jazz, and classical music. Unlike many of their progressive rock contemporaries, their “classical” influences ranged beyond the Romantic and incorporated medieval, baroque, and modernist chamber music elements. The band also had a taste for broad themes for their lyrics, drawing inspiration not only from personal experiences but from philosophy and the works of both François Rabelais and R. D. Laing.

Pink Floyd – Hits (Full Album)

I Pink Floyd sono stati un gruppo musicale rock britannico formatosi nella seconda metà degli anni sessanta che, nel corso di una lunga e travagliata carriera, è riuscito a riscrivere le tendenze musicali della propria epoca, diventando uno dei gruppi più importanti della storia.[1][4]

Sebbene agli inizi si siano dedicati prevalentemente alla psichedelia[5] e allo space rock, il genere che meglio definisce l’opera dei Pink Floyd, caratterizzata da una coerente ricerca filosofica, esperimenti sonori, grafiche innovative e spettacolari concerti, è il rock progressivo.[5][6][7]

Nel 2008 si è stimato che abbiano venduto circa 250 milioni di dischi in tutto il mondo,[8][9] di cui 74,5 milioni nei soli Stati Uniti d’America.[10]

I Pink Floyd hanno influenzato considerevolmente la musica successiva, dai gruppi progressive degli anni settanta, come Genesis e Yes,[11] fino a musicisti contemporanei, come Nine Inch Nails,[12] Dream Theater e Porcupine Tree.[13]

Il gruppo, nato a Londra nel 1965,[14][15] viene fondato dal cantante e chitarrista Roger Keith “Syd” Barrett, dal bassista George Roger Waters, dal batterista Nicholas Berkeley “Nick” Mason e dal tastierista Richard William “Rick” Wright. Nel dicembre del 1967 si aggiunge al gruppo il chitarrista David Jon “Dave” Gilmour,[14][15] che si affianca e quindi si sostituisce definitivamente a Barrett, progressivamente emarginatosi dal gruppo a causa del pesante uso di droghe e di una forma di alienazione.

Il gruppo, dopo essersi fatto notare grazie a lavori di stampo psichedelico, raggiunge la maturità con Atom Heart Mother e Meddle, e si afferma a livello mondiale con The Dark Side of the Moon e i successivi album, tra cui Wish You Were Here, Animals e The Wall, che consegnano i quattro alla storia del rock.[16] La formazione non subisce sostanziali cambiamenti fino al 1985,[15] escludendo una parentesi di alcuni anni in cui Wright figura solo come turnista.[14] Nel 1985 Waters abbandona il gruppo e i membri rimanenti, dopo aver vinto la breve battaglia legale per stabilire a chi spettasse continuare a usare il nome “Pink Floyd”, pubblicano successivamente altri due album in studio: A Momentary Lapse of Reason e The Division Bell. La formazione cessa la propria attività nel 1995,[14] sciogliendosi definitivamente nel 2006, quando Gilmour nega ufficialmente la possibilità di una riunione.[17] Nel 2008, con la morte di Wright, si spengono di fatto le speranze dei fan di rivedere il gruppo dal vivo con tutti e quattro i componenti al completo. Tuttavia, il 5 luglio 2014 viene annunciata da Polly Samson, moglie di David Gilmour, la pubblicazione a ottobre dello stesso anno di un quindicesimo album in studio, The Endless River.
Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London. They achieved international acclaim with their progressive and psychedelic music. Distinguished by their use of philosophical lyrics, sonic experimentation, extended compositions and elaborate live shows, they are one of the most commercially successful and musically influential groups in the history of popular music.

Pink Floyd were founded in 1965 by students Syd Barrett, Nick Mason, Roger Waters, and Richard Wright. They gained popularity performing in London’s underground music scene during the late 1960s, and under Barrett’s leadership released two charting singles and a successful debut album, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (1967). David Gilmour joined as a fifth member in December 1967; Barrett left the band in April 1968 due to deteriorating mental health exacerbated by drug use. Waters became the band’s primary lyricist and, by the mid-1970s, their dominant songwriter, devising the concepts behind their critically and commercially successful albums The Dark Side of the Moon (1973), Wish You Were Here (1975), Animals (1977), The Wall (1979) and The Final Cut (1983).

Wright left Pink Floyd in 1979, followed by Waters in 1985, declaring it a “spent force”. Gilmour and Mason continued as Pink Floyd; Wright rejoined them as a session musician and, later, a band member. The three produced two more albums, A Momentary Lapse of Reason (1987) and The Division Bell (1994), and toured until 1994. After nearly two decades of acrimony, Pink Floyd reunited with Waters in 2005 for a performance at the global awareness event Live 8, but Gilmour and Waters have since stated they have no plans to reunite as a band again. Barrett died in 2006 and Wright in 2008. The final Pink Floyd studio album, The Endless River, recorded without Waters and based on material recorded in 1993–1994, was released in November 2014.

Pink Floyd were inducted into the US Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996, and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. By 2013, the band had sold more than 250 million records worldwide, including 75 million certified units in the United States.