Steve Earle (Fort Monroe, 17 gennaio 1955) è un cantautore statunitense. Nato in Virginia con il nome Stephen Fain Earle, è un cantautore noto soprattutto per la sua produzione rock e country. La sua attività si estende comunque in altri campi, avendo in passato scritto e diretto un’opera teatrale ed essendo anche uno scrittore ed un attivista politico.
Stephen Fain “Steve” Earle (/ˈɜrl/) (born January 17, 1955) is an American rock, country and folk singer-songwriter, record producer, author and actor. Earle began his career as a songwriter in Nashville and released his first EP in 1982. His breakthrough album was the 1986 album Guitar Town. Since then Earle has released 15 other studio albums and received three Grammy awards. His songs have been recorded by Johnny Cash, Waylon Jennings, Travis Tritt, Vince Gill, Shawn Colvin and Emmylou Harris. He has appeared in film and television, and has written a novel, a play, and a book of short stories.
Frank Vincent Zappa (Baltimora, 21 dicembre 1940 – Los Angeles, 4 dicembre 1993) è stato un compositore, chitarrista, cantante, arrangiatore, direttore d’orchestra eproduttore discografico statunitense. È considerato uno dei più grandi geni musicali del ‘900, capace di fondere tutti i generi a lui precedenti e contemporanei ottenendo un risultato insuperato.
Definire il genere musicale di Zappa è quasi impossibile, ma si può affermare che fosse coinvolto in ambiti musicali come rock, blues, jazz, fusion, avanguardia, musica classica, satira e cabaret.
Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American musician, bandleader, songwriter, composer, recording engineer, record producer, and film director. In a career spanning more than 30 years, Zappa composed rock, jazz, orchestral and musique concrète works. He also directed feature-length films and music videos, and designed album covers. Zappa produced almost all of the more than 60 albums he released with the band the Mothers of Invention and as a solo artist. While in his teens, he acquired a taste for 20th-century classical composers such as Edgard Varèse, Igor Stravinsky, and Anton Webern, along with 1950s rhythm and blues music. He began writing classical music in high school, while at the same time playing drums in rhythm and blues bands; he later switched to electric guitar.
Zappa was a self-taught composer and performer, and his diverse musical influences led him to create music that was often difficult to categorize. His 1966 debut album with the Mothers of Invention, Freak Out!, combined songs in conventional rock and roll format with collective improvisations and studio-generated sound collages. His later albums shared this eclectic and experimental approach, irrespective of whether the fundamental format was rock, jazz or classical. His lyrics—often humorously—reflected his iconoclastic view of established social and political processes, structures and movements. He was a strident critic of mainstream education and organized religion, and a forthright and passionate advocate for freedom of speech, self-education, political participation and the abolition of censorship.
He was a highly productive and prolific artist and gained widespread critical acclaim. He had some commercial success, particularly in Europe, and worked as an independent artist for most of his career. He also remains a major influence on musicians and composers. Zappa was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995 and received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997. Zappa was married to Kathryn J. “Kay” Sherman from 1960 to 1964. In 1967, he married Adelaide Gail Sloatman, with whom he remained until his death from prostate cancer in 1993. They had four children: Moon, Dweezil, Ahmet and Diva. In 2004,Rolling Stone magazine ranked him at No. 71 on its list of the “100 Greatest Artists of All Time”, and in 2011 at No. 22 on its list of the “100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time”.
Un artista peculiare, americano, texano, ma figlio del mondo, perché ha vissuto con la famiglia in ogni parte del pianeta (il padre era un noto autore americano di gialli, che per sua scelta decise di vivere con la famiglia in varie parti del mondo), e poi ha continuato a scegliere liberamente dove vivere. Nei suoi spostamenti ha trascorso anche un periodo non breve in Italia. Ha scelto un posto unico per la sua bellezza, Positano negli anni 70, ma la piccola fama che ha avuto in Italia si deve soprattutto ad un conduttore storico della sezione musicale della RAI, soprattutto noto come DJ di Per voi giovani, Raffaele Cascone, inventore a quel tempo della fortunata formula Il rock del mediterraneo. Cascone passava generosamente i primi dischi di Shawn Phillips dell’epoca, Contribution e Second Contribution, e fece conoscere anche da noi la splendida ballata sull’amico Casey Deiss e sulla sua tragica morte, musicalmente un ponte tra la canzone tradizionale americana, il jazz, la musica classica e lo sperimentalismo.
In un’epoca nella quale i folk-singer erano interessati più al messaggio che al contenitore musicale, era un musicista valido come esecutore (virtuoso di vari tipi di chitarra e anche capace di suonare strumenti etnici), nonché come cantante, essendo dotato di una grande estensione vocale, e un attento sperimentatore, orientato a mischiare le multiformi esperienze musicali che aveva assorbito in giro per il mondo, divenendo in tal modo una specie di anticipatore della world music.
Negli anni seguenti Phillips non ha smesso la sua ricerca, che continua tuttora, facendolo diventare un artista di culto, un modo per dire che è apprezzato (anche moltissimo) da chi lo conosce ma che è sconosciuto ai più, per insufficiente diffusione della sua musica (alias promozione). Ma certo Shawn è ben refrattario a questi problemi.
Per saperne di più:
http://www.shawnphillips.com (sito ufficiale, completissimo, fornito anche di esempi musicali)
Phillips was born in Fort Worth, Texas. In the 1960s he worked as a session player on several Donovan albums including Fairytale, Sunshine Superman, and Mellow Yellow, performed at the Isle of Wight festival, sang on “Lovely Rita” by the Beatles, and was cast to play the lead in the original production of Jesus Christ Superstar (he had to withdraw due to his heavy recording and touring schedule). In February 1969 Phillips wrote and performed, with The Djinn, the music for the controversial Jane Arden play Vagina Rex and the Gas Oven at the Arts Laboratory on Drury Lane.
Phillips worked the folk music scene in Los Angeles, New York’s Greenwich Village, and London. In 1967, Phillips moved to Positano, Italy, where he remained throughout the 1970s, recording the albums Contribution, Second Contribution, Collaboration, and Faces’.
Four of his albums Faces, Bright White, Furthermore, and Do You Wonder made it into the Billboard Top 100. In addition, the singles, “Lost Horizon” and “We”, made Billboard’s top 100 in 1973 (63 and 92 respectively).
His album No Category, featuring his longtime collaborators Paul Buckmaster and Peter Robinson, was released in 2002.
In 2007, his first live album, Living Contribution, was released, along with a Live DVD of the same title.
Phillips today lives in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, with his wife Juliette and their son Liam. He is still touring and he divides his time between writing, recording, touring and his work as an emergency medical technician (EMT), firefighter, 1st Officer, Navigator, and Extrication Specialist with the National Sea Rescue Institute of South Africa (NSRI).
The Moody Blues sono un gruppo rock inglese.
Pongono le loro radici nel rhythm and blues, per poi giungere al rock psichedelico e a quello progressivo, grazie al sound caratterizzato anche dall’uso del mellotron. Fu questo il loro marchio di fabbrica, nel periodo aureo, dal 1967 al 1974. Rispetto ad altri gruppi definiti progressivi, i Moody Blues prediligono però la forma “canzone”, con melodie ad ampio respiro. Esempio calzante è il loro più grande successo, Nights in White Satin del 1967. Tutt’oggi è una delle rock band più longeve della storia, con quasi 50 anni di attività live, e 70 milioni di dischi venduti.
The Moody Blues are an English rock band. Among their innovations was a fusion with classical music, as heard in their 1967 album Days of Future Passed.
The Moody Blues have sold more than 70 million albums worldwide  and have been awarded 18 platinum and gold discs. As of 2015 they remain active with one member from the original 1964 band (drummer Graeme Edge) and two more from the 1966 lineup (bassist John Lodge and guitarist Justin Hayward).
Jeffrey Scott Buckley (Anaheim, 17 novembre 1966 – Memphis, 29 maggio 1997) è stato un cantautore e chitarrista statunitense.
Figlio del cantautore Tim Buckley, Jeff riscosse in vita la maggior fetta di fama in Francia e Australia e poi, dopo il suo decesso avvenuto per annegamento il 29 maggio 1997, in tutto il mondo, tanto che i suoi lavori rimasero famosi nel tempo e appaiono regolarmente nelle classifiche delle riviste di settore.
Jeffrey Scott “Jeff” Buckley (November 17, 1966 – May 29, 1997), raised as Scott “Scottie” Moorhead, was an American singer-songwriter and guitarist. After a decade as a session guitarist in Los Angeles, Buckley amassed a following in the early 1990s by playing cover songs at venues in Manhattan‘s East Village, such as Sin-é, gradually focusing more on his own material. After rebuffing much interest from record labels and his father’s manager Herb Cohen he signed with Columbia, recruited a band, and recorded what would be his only studio album, Grace, in 1994. Rolling Stone considered him one of the greatest singers of all time.
Over the following two years, the band toured widely to promote the album, including concerts in the U.S., Europe, Japan, and Australia. In 1996, they stopped touring and made sporadic attempts to record Buckley’s second album in New York with Tom Verlaine as producer. In 1997, Buckley moved to Memphis, Tennessee, to resume work on the album, to be titled My Sweetheart the Drunk, recording many four-track demos while also playing weekly solo shows at a local venue. On May 29, 1997, while awaiting the arrival of his band from New York, he drowned during a spontaneous evening swim, fully clothed, in the Mississippi River when he was caught in the wake of a passing boat; his body was found on June 4.
Since his death, there have been many posthumous releases of his material, including a collection of four-track demos and studio recordings for his unfinished second album My Sweetheart the Drunk, expansions of Grace, and the Live at Sin-é EP. Chart success also came posthumously: with his famous cover of Leonard Cohen‘s song “Hallelujah” he attained his first No. 1 on Billboard‘s Hot Digital Songs in March 2008 and reached No. 2 in the UK Singles Chart that December. Buckley and his work remain popular and are regularly featured in “greatest” lists in the music press.
Philip David Charles “Phil” Collins, LVO (born 30 January 1951), is an English singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, music producer and actor. He gained fame as both the drummer and lead singer for the rock group Genesis, and he also gained worldwide fame as a solo artist.
Collins is one of the most successful songwriters and performers of all time, singing the lead vocals on dozens of hit albums and singles in the UK and the US between 1976 and 2010, either as a solo artist or with Genesis. His solo singles, sometimes dealing with lost love and often featuring his distinctive gated reverb drum sound, ranged from the atmospheric “In the Air Tonight“, dance-rock of “Sussudio“, piano-driven power ballad “Against All Odds“, to the political and religious connotations of “Another Day in Paradise“. Collins has been described by AllMusic as “one of the most successful pop and adult contemporary singers of the ’80s and beyond”.
Collins joined Genesis in 1970 as the group’s drummer and became their lead vocalist in 1975 following the departure of the original lead singer Peter Gabriel. His solo career, which was launched in 1981 and was heavily influenced by his personal life and soul music, brought both himself and Genesis greater commercial success. Collins’s total worldwide sales as a solo artist are 150 million. Collins has won numerous music awards throughout his career, including seven Grammy Awards, six Brit Awards—winning Best British Male three times, three American Music Awards, an Academy Award, two Golden Globe Awards and a Disney Legend Award in 2002 for his solo work. He received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1999, was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2003, and into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Genesis in 2010. Collins was listed at number 22 in Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the “100 Greatest Drummers of All Time”.
Collins is one of only three recording artists (along with Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson) who have sold over 100 million albums worldwide both as solo artists and (separately) as principal members of a band. During his most successful period as a solo artist between 1981 and 1990, Collins had three UK number-one singles and seven number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States, as well as a U.S. number one with Genesis in 1986. When his work with Genesis, his work with other artists, as well as his solo career is totalled, Collins had more top 40 hits on the Billboard Hot 100 chart during the 1980s than any other artist. In 2008, Collins was ranked the 22nd most successful artist on the “Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists”. Although one of the world’s best-selling recording artists and a highly respected drummer, Collins has garnered significant criticism over the years from music journalists and fellow artists. He announced his retirement in 2011 to focus on his family life, though he continued to write songs and in 2013 he said he was considering a return to the music industry.
I Blind Faith è stato un supergruppo di rock britannico costituitosi nel marzo 1969. Dopo aver inciso un album e effettuato diversi concerti dal vivo, la formazione si sciolse nel dicembre di quello stesso anno.
Il gruppo nacque da un’idea di Eric Clapton, ex chitarrista dei Cream, e Steve Winwood, ex chitarrista e tastierista dei Traffic che avevano appena abbandonato, all’epoca, le rispettive formazioni di appartenenza. Costoro iniziarono a comporre e a provare le prime canzoni con Ginger Baker, ex batterista dei Cream, nel marzo del 1969, sia nella casa di Clapton, nel Surrey, che negli studi Morgan a Londra. Alcune di tali incisioni sarebbero state poi inserite nella seconda edizione ampliata dell’album Blind Faith, che apparve oltre trent’anni dopo lo scioglimento del gruppo. Successivamente si aggiunse ai tre anche Ric Grech, bassista dei Family, che però entrò ufficialmente nell’organico della band solo nel maggio di quello stesso anno. Il coordinamento e la supervisione fu affidata al produttore Jimmy Miller.
Blind Faith were an English blues rock band, composed of Eric Clapton, Ginger Baker, Steve Winwood, and Ric Grech. The band, which was one of the first “super-groups”, released their only album, Blind Faith, in August 1969. They were stylistically similar to the bands in which Winwood, Baker, and Clapton had most recently participated, Traffic and Cream. They helped to pioneer the genre of blues/rock fusion.
The beginnings of Blind Faith date from mid-1968, with the break-up of Cream. In retrospect as the first “super-group,” Cream had become a financial powerhouse, selling millions of records within a few years and raising the group’s (and each member’s) repertoire to international popularity. Despite that success, the band was crumbling from within because of frequent animosity between Jack Bruce and Ginger Baker, with Eric Clapton doing his best to mediate. In addition, Clapton had tired of playing commercially driven blues and hoped to move forward with a new, experimental, less straitjacketed approach to the genre.
Steve Winwood was facing similar problems in The Spencer Davis Group, where he had been the lead singer for three years. Winwood wanted to experiment with the band’s sound by infusing jazz elements, but left due to his musical differences, instead forming a new band—Traffic—in 1967. That band split temporarily in 1969, and Winwood started to jam with his good friend Clapton in Clapton’s basement in Surrey, England. Winwood and Clapton had previously collaborated on the “Powerhouse” project.
Clapton was pleased with the jam sessions, but was hesitant to start a serious group. Ginger Baker turned up again one day to sit in with them in 1969, and the band took near-final form. Clapton questioned letting Baker in the band, because he had promised Jack Bruce that, if they were to work with one another again, all three of them would play. Moreover, Clapton didn’t want to reunite with Cream barely nine weeks after the break-up, and also didn’t want to deal with another “Cream-like” super-stardom situation. Winwood ultimately persuaded Clapton to finalize Baker’s inclusion in the line-up, arguing that Ginger Baker strengthened their musicianship and that it would be hard to find an equally talented drummer. Baker was a participant in sessions and public appearances
By May 1969, Ric Grech, bassist with Family, was invited to join them (leaving Family in mid-tour).
Sandy Denny, nome completo Alexandra Elene McLean Denny (Merton, 6 gennaio 1947 – Wimbledon, 21 aprile 1978), è stata una cantautrice folk britannica nota per il suo caratteristico timbro vocale, dalle evocative coloriture nebbiose e dalle suggestioni spettrali, considerato tra i più rappresentativi del genere: secondo il giornalista e musicologo Richie Unterberger è stata «…la più importante cantante folk-rock britannica.».
In veste di cantante dei Fairport Convention, nel 1968, si è resa artefice della prima fusione tra folk tradizionale inglese e rock; da quell’esperienza avrebbe avuto origine l’intera corrente britannica del folk rock.
Il grande rispetto di cui godeva in ambito musicale indusse molti artisti a ricercarla per delle collaborazioni; va in particolare ricordato il duetto vocale di cui fu protagonista con Robert Plant nel brano The Battle of Evermore, contenuto in Led Zeppelin IV, in seguito al quale passò alla storia come unica cantante ad aver affiancato la voce di Robert Plant nell’intera discografia dei Led Zeppelin.
Come nel caso di altri artisti, la fama di Sandy Denny è cresciuta in misura considerevole dopo la sua morte fino a generare un vero e proprio culto tra gli amanti del genere, anche attraverso una nutrita serie di pubblicazioni che, a partire dalla metà degli anni ottanta, ha contribuito ad alimentarne il seguito.
Dal 1998 una varietà floreale della famiglia delle Hemerocallidaceae porta il suo nome.
Alexandra Elene MacLean Denny (6 January 1947 – 21 April 1978) — known as Sandy Denny — was an English singer and songwriter, perhaps best known as the lead singer for the folk rock band Fairport Convention. She has been described as “the pre-eminent British folk rock singer”.
After briefly working with British folk band the Strawbs, Denny joined Fairport Convention in 1968, remaining with that band until the end of 1969. She formed the short-lived band Fotheringay in 1970, releasing one album with them (another unreleased album surfaced over thirty years later), before focusing on a solo career. Between 1971 and 1977, Denny released four solo albums: The North Star Grassman and the Ravens, Sandy, Like an Old Fashioned Waltz, and Rendezvous. She is also noted as the only guest vocalist on a Led Zeppelin studio album, when she shared a duet with Robert Plant for “The Battle of Evermore” on Led Zeppelin’s untitled fourth album (1971).
Music publications Sunday Express, Uncut and Mojo have each called Denny Britain’s finest female singer-songwriter. Her composition “Who Knows Where the Time Goes?” has been recorded by many artists as diverse as Judy Collins, Nina Simone, 10,000 Maniacs and Cat Power.
I Deep Purple sono un gruppo musicale hard rock inglese, formatosi a Hertford nel 1968. Insieme a gruppi come Led Zeppelin e Black Sabbath, sono considerati fra i principali pionieri del genere heavy metal.
Vengono considerati una delle band più influenti del panorama musicale degli anni settanta, con un substrato musicale molto vario, che spazia dal blues al rock and roll, dal funky al jazz e al folk, dalla musica orientale alla musica classica, fino all’R&B, a cui unirono un certo virtuosismo tecnico. Il suono della band comprende anche elementi di rock progressivo, genere in auge nel periodo.
Hanno venduto più di 100 milioni di copie nel mondo senza contare le enormi vendite di bootleg, ovvero il traffico di dischi illegali spesso registrati durante le esibizioni dal vivo del gruppo.
Il gruppo venne inserito nel Guinness dei primati come band più rumorosa del mondo a seguito di un concerto al Rainbow Theater di Londra durante il quale tre spettatori persero conoscenza a causa dei 117 dB raggiunti.
Deep Purple are an English rock band formed in Hertford in 1968. They are considered to be among the pioneers of heavy metal and modern hard rock, although their musical approach changed over the years. Originally formed as a progressive rock band, the band shifted to a heavier sound in 1970. Deep Purple, together with Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath, have been referred to as the “unholy trinity of British hard rock and heavy metal in the early to mid-Seventies”. They were listed in the 1975 Guinness Book of World Records as “the globe’s loudest band” for a 1972 concert at London’s Rainbow Theatre, and have sold over 100 million albums worldwide.
Deep Purple have had several line-up changes and an eight-year hiatus (1976–1984). The 1968–1976 line-ups are commonly labelled Mark I, II, III and IV Their second and most commercially successful line-up featured Ian Gillan (vocals), Jon Lord (organ), Roger Glover (bass), Ian Paice (drums), and Ritchie Blackmore (guitar). This line-up was active from 1969 to 1973, and was revived from 1984 to 1989, and again from 1992 to 1993. The band achieved more modest success in the intervening periods between 1968 and 1969 with the line-up including Rod Evans (vocals) and Nick Simper (bass, backing vocals), between 1974 and 1976 (Tommy Bolin replacing Blackmore in 1975) with the line-up including David Coverdale (vocals) and Glenn Hughes (bass, vocals), and between 1989 and 1992 with the line-up including Joe Lynn Turner (vocals). The band’s line-up (currently featuring Ian Gillan, and guitarist Steve Morse from 1994) has been much more stable in recent years, although organist Jon Lord’s retirement from the band in 2002 (being succeeded by Don Airey) left Ian Paice as the only original Deep Purple member still in the band.
Deep Purple were ranked number 22 on VH1’s Greatest Artists of Hard Rock programme and a poll on British radio station Planet Rock ranked them 5th among the “most influential bands ever”. At the 2011 Classic Rock Awards in London, they received the Innovator Award. In October 2012, Deep Purple were nominated for the first time for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, but were not voted in the following March. In October 2013, the band was announced as a Hall of Fame nominee for a second time, but again was not voted in.
Polly Jean “PJ” Harvey (Yeovil, 9 ottobre 1969) è una cantautrice e musicista britannica.
Polly Jean Harvey, MBE (born 9 October 1969), known as PJ Harvey, is an English musician, singer-songwriter, writer, poet, composer and occasional artist.Primarily known as a vocalist and guitarist, she is also proficient with a wide range of instruments including piano, organ, bass, saxophone, harmonica and, most recently, the autoharp.
Harvey began her career in 1988 when she joined local band Automatic Dlamini as a vocalist, guitarist, and saxophone player. The band’s frontman, John Parish, would become her long-term collaborator. In 1991, she formed an eponymous trio and subsequently began her professional career. The trio released two studio albums, Dry (1992) and Rid of Me (1993) before disbanding, after which Harvey continued as a solo artist. Since 1995, she has released a further six studio albums with collaborations from various musicians including John Parish, former bandmate Rob Ellis, Mick Harvey, and Eric Drew Feldman and has also worked extensively with record producer Flood.
Among the accolades she has received are the 2001 and 2011 Mercury Prize for Stories from the City, Stories from the Sea (2000) and Let England Shake (2011)[ respectively—the only artist to have been awarded the prize twice—eight Brit Award nominations, six Grammy Award nominations and two further Mercury Prize nominations. Rolling Stone awarded her 1992’s Best New Artist and Best Singer Songwriter and 1995’s Artist of the Year, and listed Rid of Me, To Bring You My Love (1995) and Stories from the City, Stories from the Sea on its 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list. In 2011, she was awarded for Outstanding Contribution To Music at the NME Awards. In June 2013, she was awarded an MBE for services to music.
Il suo stile, con il personalissimo modo di suonare la chitarra, fonde generi come pop, folk, rock, reggae e jazz. Le liriche sono ispirate dalla sua visione umanistica e metafisica della vita vicina all’etica cristiana.
Bruce Douglas Cockburn OC (/ˈkoʊbərn/; born May 27, 1945) is a Canadian guitarist and singer-songwriter whose career spans over 40 years. His song styles range from folk to jazz-influenced rock and his lyrics cover a broad range of topics that reveal a passion for human rights, politics and spirituality.
In 2014, he released his memoirs, Rumours of Glory: A Memoir.
Cockburn was born in 1945 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and spent some of his early years on a farm outside Pembroke, Ontario. He has stated in interviews that his first guitar was one he found around 1959 in his grandmother’s attic, which he adorned with golden stars and used to play along to radio hits. Cockburn attended Nepean High School, where his 1964 yearbook photo states his desire “to become a musician”.He attended Berklee School of Music in Boston for three semesters in the mid-1960s. In 1966 he joined an Ottawa band called The Children, which lasted for about a year. In the spring of 1967 he joined the final lineup of The Esquires. He moved to Toronto that summer to form The Flying Circus with former Bobby Kris & The Imperials members Marty Fisher and Gordon MacBain and ex-Tripp member Neil Lillie. The group recorded some material in late 1967 (which remains unreleased) before changing its name to Olivus in the spring of 1968, by which time Lillie (who changed his name to Neil Merryweather) had been replaced by Dennis Pendrith from Livingstone’s Journey. Olivus opened for The Jimi Hendrix Experience and Cream in April 1968. That summer Cockburn broke up the band with the intention of going solo, but ended up in the band 3’s a Crowd with David Wiffen, Colleen Peterson, and Richard Patterson, who had been a co-member of The Children. Cockburn left 3’s a Crowd in the spring of 1969 to pursue a solo career.
Cockburn’s first solo appearance was at the Mariposa Folk Festival in 1967, and in 1969 he was a headliner. In 1970 he released his self-titled, solo album. Cockburn’s guitar work and songwriting won him an enthusiastic following. His early work featured rural and nautical imagery and Biblical metaphors. Raised as an agnostic, early in his career he became a Christian. Many of his albums from the 1970s refer to Christianity, which in turn informs his concerns for human rights and environmentalism. His references to Christianity include the Grail imagery of 20th-century Christian poet Charles Williams and the ideas of theologian Harvey Cox.
While Cockburn had been popular in Canada for years, he did not have a big impact in the United States until 1979, with the release of the album Dancing in the Dragon’s Jaws. “Wondering Where the Lions Are“, the first single from that album, reached No. 21 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US in June 1980, and earned Cockburn an appearance on NBC‘s hit TV show Saturday Night Live.
Cockburn was married from 1969 to 1980 and has a daughter from that marriage. He wrote the song “Little Seahorse”, released on In the Falling Dark, in late 1975 about the time when his daughter wasin utero.
Through the 1980s Cockburn’s songwriting became increasingly urban, global and political as he became more involved with progressive causes. His political concerns were first hinted at on the albums: Humans,Inner City Front and The Trouble with Normal. They became more evident in 1984, with his second US radio hit, “If I Had a Rocket Launcher” (No. 88 in the US) from the Stealing Fire album. He had written the song a year earlier, after visiting Guatemalan refugee camps in Mexico that were attacked by Guatemalan military helicopters. His political activism continues to the present. Cockburn has travelled to countries such as Mozambique and Iraq, played benefit concerts, and written songs on a variety of subjects ranging from the International Monetary Fund to land mines. His internationalist bent is reflected in the many world musicinfluences in his music, including reggae and Latin music.
In 1991 Intrepid Records released Kick at the Darkness, a tribute album to Cockburn whose title comes from a phrase in his song “Lovers in a Dangerous Time“. It features the Barenaked Ladies‘ cover of that song, which became their first Top 40 hit and an element in their early success. This lyric was also referenced by U2 in their song “God Part II” from their album Rattle and Hum.
In the early 1990s, Cockburn teamed with T-Bone Burnett for two albums, Nothing but a Burning Light and Dart to the Heart. The latter included a song, “Closer to the Light”, inspired by the death of songwriter Mark Heard, a close friend of Cockburn and Burnett. Cockburn frequently refers to Heard as his favourite songwriter and he was one of many artists who paid tribute to Heard on an album and video titled Strong Hand of Love.
In 1998 Cockburn travelled with filmmaker Robert Lang to Mali, West Africa, where he jammed with Grammy Award-winning blues musician Ali Farka Toure and kora master Toumani Diabate. The month-long journey was documented in the film River of Sand, which won the Regard Canadien award for best documentary at the Vues d’Afrique Film Festival in Montreal. It was also invited for competition at the International Festival of Environmental Films in Paris.
Some of Cockburn’s previously published material had been collected in several albums: Resume, Mummy Dust, and Waiting for a Miracle. His first greatest hits collection was Anything Anytime Anywhere: Singles 1979–2002, released in 2002.
In January 2003 Cockburn finished recording his 21st album, You’ve Never Seen Everything, which features contributions from Emmylou Harris, Jackson Browne, Sam Phillips, Sarah Harmer, Hugh Marsh, Jonell Mosser, Larry Taylor and Steven Hodges. (Taylor and Hodges, formerly of Canned Heat who performed at Monterey and Woodstock in the 1960s, may be known best for their work with Tom Waits).
Cockburn performed a set at the Live 8 concert in Barrie, Ontario, on July 2, 2005. Speechless, an instrumental compilation of new and previously released material, was released on October 24, 2005. His 22nd album, Life Short Call Now, was released on July 18, 2006.
Canadian senator and retired general Roméo Dallaire, who is active in humanitarian fundraising and promoting awareness, appeared on stage at the University of Victoria with Cockburn. The October 4, 2008, concert was held to aid the plight of child soldiers.
In 2009 Cockburn travelled to Afghanistan to visit his brother, Capt. John Cockburn, and to play a concert for Canadian troops. He performed his 1984 song “If I Had a Rocket Launcher” and was temporarily awarded an actual rocket launcher by the military. Cockburn has stated that, while unsure of the original Invasion of Afghanistan, he supported Canada’s role there.
Cockburn released his studio album Small Source of Comfort in 2011. “Lois on the Autobahn”, a cheerful and experiential instrumental recalling “Rouler sa bosse” from Salt, Sun and Time is a tribute to Cockburn’s mother, Lois, who succumbed to cancer in 2010.
Cockburn married his longtime girlfriend M.J. Hannett shortly after the birth of his second daughter, Iona (b. November 2011) in 2011. As of 2014, the family lives in the San Francisco area, where Cockburn is writing his memoirs up to 2004.
A documentary film, Bruce Cockburn Pacing the Cage, was released in 2013 on television and a brief theatrical showing; directed by Joel Goldberg, gave a rare look into Cockburn’s music, life and politics
Elvis Costello, pseudonimo di Declan Patrick MacManus (Londra, 25 agosto 1954), è un cantautore, chitarrista e compositore britannico. Ha iniziato la sua carriera negli anni settanta come esponente della scena pub rock londinese, prima che il suo nome venisse associato ai movimenti punk e new wave della seconda metà degli anni ’70.
Il suo acclamato album d’esordio My Aim Is True è stato registrato nel 1976. Poco tempo dopo ha formato il gruppo The Attractions, che lo ha accompagnato negli anni seguenti.
Nel corso della sua carriera ha vinto numerosi premi, incluso un Grammy Award ed ha ricevuto due nomination ai BRIT Award nella categoria “Best British Male”. Elvis Costello e The Attractions sono inclusi nella Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Nel 2004 Costello è stato inserito nella lista dei 100 artisti più grandi di tutti i tempi secondo Rolling Stone alla posizione #80.
Tra le sue canzoni più celebri vi sono Alison, Everyday I Write the Book, I Wanna Be Loved, God’s Comic, Shipbuilding, I Almost Had a Weakness, The Man Out of Time, She e Almost Blue.
Elvis Costello (born Declan Patrick MacManus, 25 August 1954) is an English singer-songwriter. He began his career as part of London’s pub rock scene in the early 1970s and later became associated with the first wave of the British punk and new wave movement of the mid-to-late 1970s. His critically acclaimed debut album, My Aim Is True, was recorded in 1977. Shortly after recording his first album he formed the Attractions as his backing band. His second album, This Year’s Model, was released in 1978, and was ranked number 11 by Rolling Stone on its list of the best albums from 1967–1987. His third album, Armed Forces, was released in 1979, and features his most successful single “Oliver’s Army”. His first three albums all appeared on Rolling Stone’s list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
Costello and the Attractions toured and recorded together for the better part of a decade, though differences between them caused a split by 1986. Much of Costello’s work since has been as a solo artist, though reunions with members of the Attractions have been credited to the group over the years. Steeped in wordplay, the vocabulary of Costello’s lyrics is broader than that of most popular songs. His music has drawn on many diverse genres; one critic described him as a “pop encyclopaedia”, able to “reinvent the past in his own image”.
Costello has won multiple awards in his career, including a Grammy Award, and has twice been nominated for the Brit Award for Best British Male. In 2003, Costello and the Attractions were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked Costello number 80 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.
Dopo aver debuttato giovanissimo con la storica formazione dei Buffalo Springfield e aver raggiunto il successo nel supergruppo Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, Neil si è imposto come uno dei più carismatici e influenti cantautori degli anni settanta, contribuendo a ridefinire la figura del songwriter con album come After the Gold Rush e il vendutissimo Harvest.
Artista solitario e tormentato, capace di passare con disinvoltura dalla quiete della ballata acustica alla brutalità della cavalcata rock, per l’approccio spesso volutamente “grezzo” che contraddistingue tanto i suoi dischi quanto i suoi concerti è stato considerato da alcuni un precursore del punk, mentre la ruvida passione delle sue performance ha spinto tanto la critica quanto gli appassionati e gli stessi musicisti ad acclamarlo negli anni novanta padrino del grunge. È stato inoltre un personaggio determinante per l’evoluzione di generi come l’alternative country e l’alternative rock in generale.
Tratti inconfondibili del suo stile sono la voce acuta e nasale, la chitarra “sporca” e cacofonica, i testi introspettivi e malinconici (specie nella cosiddetta Trilogia del dolore, culminata nell’album Tonight’s the Night, da molti ritenuto il primo concept album della storia del rock a misurarsi con temi quali il dolore e la perdita) nonché l’immancabile camicia di flanella, divenuta negli anni un autentico status symbol alternativo.
Neil Percival Young, OC OM (born November 12, 1945) is a Canadian singer-songwriter and musician. He began performing in a group covering Shadowsinstrumentals in Canada in 1960, before moving to California in 1966, where he co-founded the band Buffalo Springfield together with Stephen Stills and Richie Furay, and later joined Crosby, Stills & Nash in 1969. He released his first album in 1968 and has since forged a successful and acclaimed solo career, spanning over 45 years and 35 studio albums, with a continuous and uncompromising exploration of musical styles. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame website describes Young as “one of rock and roll’s greatest songwriters and performers”. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame twice, first as a solo artist in 1995, and second as a member of Buffalo Springfield in 1997.
Young’s music is characterized by his distinctive guitar work, deeply personal lyrics and characteristic alto or high tenor singing voice. Although he accompanies himself on several different instruments, including piano and harmonica, his idiosyncratic electric and clawhammer acoustic guitar playing are the defining characteristics of a varyingly ragged and melodic sound.
While Young has experimented with differing music styles throughout a varied career, including swing and electronic music, most of his best known work is either acousticfolk-rock and country rock or electric, amplified hard rock (most often in collaboration with the band Crazy Horse). Musical styles such as alternative rock and grunge also adopted elements from Young. His influence has caused some to dub him the “Godfather of Grunge“.
Young has directed (or co-directed) a number of films using the pseudonym Bernard Shakey, including Journey Through the Past (1973), Rust Never Sleeps (1979),Human Highway (1982), Greendale (2003), and CSNY/Déjà Vu (2008). He has also contributed to the soundtracks of films including Philadelphia (1993) and Dead Man(1995).
Young is an environmentalist and outspoken advocate for the welfare of small farmers, having co-founded in 1985 the benefit concert Farm Aid. He is currently working on a documentary about electric car technology, tentatively titled LincVolt. The project involves his 1959 Lincoln Continental converted to hybrid technology as an environmentalist statement. In 1986, Young helped found The Bridge School, an educational organization for children with severe verbal and physical disabilities, and its annual supporting Bridge School Benefit concerts, together with his ex-wife Pegi Young (née Morton). Young has three children: sons Zeke (born during his relationship with actress Carrie Snodgress) and Ben, who were diagnosed with cerebral palsy, and daughter Amber Jean who, like Young, has epilepsy. Young lives on his ranch in La Honda, California. Although he has lived in northern California since the 1970s and sings as frequently about U.S. themes and subjects as he does about his native country, he has retained his Canadian citizenship. On July 14, 2006, Young was awarded the Order of Manitoba, and on December 30, 2009, was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.
Conosciuto inizialmente con i nomi d’arte di Johnny Cougar, John Cougar e John Cougar Mellencamp, nella sua carriera ha venduto oltre 40 milioni di dischi, è stato nominato a 13 Grammy Awards vincendone uno.
John J Mellencamp, also known as John Cougar Mellencamp (born October 7, 1951), is an American Rock singer-songwriter, musician, painter and occasional actor known for his catchy, populist brand of heartland rock which emphasizes traditional instrumentation. Mellencamp rose to superstardom in the 1980s while “honing an almost startlingly plainspoken writing style that, starting in 1982, yielded a string of Top 10 singles,” including “Hurts So Good,” “Jack & Diane,” “Crumblin’ Down,” “Pink Houses,” “Lonely Ol’ Night,” “Small Town,” “R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.,” “Paper in Fire,” and “Cherry Bomb.” He has sold over 40 million albums worldwide and has amassed 22 Top 40 hits in the United States. In addition, he holds the record for the most tracks by a solo artist to hit number-one on the Hot Mainstream Rock Trackschart, with seven, and has been nominated for 13 Grammy Awards, winning one. Mellencamp released his latest album, Plain Spoken, on September 23, 2014 to widespread critical acclaim.
Mellencamp is also one of the founding members of Farm Aid, an organization that began in 1985 with a concert in Champaign, Illinois to raise awareness about the loss of family farms and to raise funds to keep farm families on their land. The Farm Aid concerts have remained an annual event over the past 30 years, and as of 2015 the organization has raised over $45 million to promote a strong and resilient family farm system of agriculture.
Mellencamp was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on March 10, 2008. His biggest musical influences are Bob Dylan, Woody Guthrie, James Brown and The Rolling Stones. Said longtime Rolling Stone contributor Anthony DeCurtis: “Mellencamp has created an important body of work that has earned him both critical regard and an enormous audience. His songs document the joys and struggles of ordinary people seeking to make their way, and he has consistently brought the fresh air of common experience to the typically glamour-addled world of popular music.”
The late Billboard magazine editor-in-chief Timothy White said in 2001: “John Mellencamp is arguably the most important roots rocker of his generation. John has made fiddles, hammer dulcimers, Autoharps and accordions lead rock instruments on a par with electric guitar, bass and drums, and he also brought what he calls ‘a raw Appalachian’ lyrical outlook to his songs. Mellencamp’s best music is rock ‘n roll stripped of all escapism, and it looks directly at the messiness of life as it’s actually lived. In his music, mortality, anxiety, acts of God, questions of romance and brotherhood, and crises of conscience all collide and demand hard decisions……This is rock music that tells the truth on both its composer and the culture he’s observing.
Soft Cell è un duo britannico di musica elettronica dei primi anni ottanta che riscosse un buon successo di pubblico e di critica, composto da: Marc Almond (voce) e David Ball (sintetizzatore) e riformatosi poi nel 2003.
Le loro canzoni, di orientamento musicale synth-pop, oltre che raccontare storie d’amore, si focalizzano spesso su tematiche controverse quali il sesso estremo, il travestitismo, l’uso di droghe e persino l’omicidio.
Soft Cell are an English synthpop duo who came to prominence in the early 1980s, consisting of vocalist Marc Almond and instrumentalist David Ball. The duo are principally known for their 1981 hit version of “Tainted Love” (#8 US) and 1981 debut album entitled Non-Stop Erotic Cabaret.
In the United Kingdom, they had ten Top 40 hits including “Tainted Love” (#1 UK), “Torch” (#2 UK), “Say Hello, Wave Goodbye” (#3 UK), “What!” (#3 UK), and “Bedsitter” (#4 UK), and also had four Top 20 albums between 1981 and 1984. In 1984, the duo split but reformed from 2001 to 2004 to tour and record new material, releasing their fifth studio album, Cruelty Without Beauty in 2002.
Soft Cell’s songs have been covered by various artists including Nine Inch Nails, David Gray, Nouvelle Vague, Marilyn Manson, and A-ha. Their track, “Memorabilia”, earned recognition for the band as pioneers of the synth-oriented techno genre. The duo have sold 10 million records worldwide.
Don Van Vliet (nato Don Glen Vliet; Glendale, 15 gennaio 1941 – Arcata, 17 dicembre 2010) è stato un cantante, musicista e pittore statunitense, celebre con lo pseudonimo Captain Beefheart. Fu tra i precursori e maggiori esponenti del rock sperimentale statunitense.
« Non voglio vendere la mia musica. Vorrei regalarla, perché da dove l’ho presa non bisogna pagare per averla. »
(Don Van Vliet)
La sua esperienza musicale si sviluppò insieme ad un folto gruppo di musicisti, che si alternavano nel tempo, conosciuti come “The Magic Band”. Il gruppo cominciò la propria attività a metà degli anni sessanta, per arrivare ai primi ottanta. Van Vliet era il principale autore delle canzoni, il cantante e armonicista, con una forte attitudine per il rumorismo, ed il free jazz. Le sue composizioni sono caratterizzate da un’originale mistura di tempi dispari delle partiture e di testi surreali. Van Vliet è anche conosciuto per il suo rapporto dittatoriale con gli altri musicisti e per l’enigmatica relazione con la quale si rapportava al suo pubblico.
Van Vliet approdò nel gruppo che di lì a poco sarebbe diventato la Magic Band nel 1965, diventandone immediatamente il leader. Le loro prime canzoni mischiavano blues e rock (che rimarranno i due generi di riferimento per il gruppo), ma con il passare del tempo, Captain Beefheart & the Magic Band adottarono gradualmente un approccio sempre più sperimentale. Nel 1969 venne pubblicato il loro album più conosciuto ed apprezzato, Trout Mask Replica, prodotto dall’amico d’infanzia di Van Vliet, Frank Zappa. Questo lavoro è tuttora considerato una pietra miliare della musica del ‘900.
Van Vliet pubblicò diversi altri album negli anni settanta, con molte variazioni nella Magic Band. Verso la fine di quel decennio, Van Vliet cambiò completamente la formazione del gruppo, pubblicando, tra il 1978 ed il 1982, gli ultimi tre album, ricevendo un buon successo di critica ma nessun riscontro di vendite presso il pubblico.
Dopo aver annunciato la fine della sua carriera musicale, nel 1982, Van Vliet si è presentato raramente in pubblico, preferendo una vita tranquilla nella contea di Northern Humboldt (California), dove si è concentrato sulla sua attività di pittore. Il suo interesse per le arti visuali, in realtà, cominciò durante l’infanzia, quando era considerato una giovane promessa della scultura. Il suo lavoro mostra una certa affinità con l’astrattismo neo-primitivo e con l’espressionismo estetico.
Van Vliet soffriva di sclerosi multipla, malattia che divenne aggressiva negli ultimi anni della sua vita, passati nel sud della California. Alcuni degli ex-musicisti hanno riformato la Magic Band per dei concerti tenutisi tra il 2003 ed il 2006, i cui ricavati sono andati a favore della ricerca sulla malattia di cui l’artista era affetto. Van Vliet è morto la mattina del 17 dicembre 2010 all’età di 69 anni.
Don Van Vliet (/væn ˈvliːt/, born Don Glen Vliet;was conducted with a rotating ensemble of musicians called the Magic Band (1965–1982), with whom he recorded 13 studio albums. Noted for his powerful singing voice and his wide vocal range, Van Vliet also played the harmonica, saxophone and numerous other wind instruments. His music integrated blues, rock, psychedelia, and jazz with contemporary experimental composition and the avant-garde; many of his works have been classified as “art rock.” Beefheart was also known for often constructing myths about his life and for exercising an almost dictatorial control over his supporting musicians.
A child prodigy sculptor, Van Vliet later developed an eclectic musical taste during his teen years in Lancaster, California and formed “a mutually useful but volatile” friendship with musician Frank Zappa, with whom he sporadically competed and collaborated. He began performing with his Captain Beefheart persona in 1964 and joined the original Magic Band line-up, initiated by Alexis Snouffer, in 1965. The group drew attention with their cover of Bo Diddley’s “Diddy Wah Diddy”, which became a regional hit. It was followed by their acclaimed debut album Safe as Milk, released in 1967 on Buddah Records. After being dropped by two consecutive record labels, they signed to Zappa’s Straight Records. As producer, Zappa granted Beefheart unrestrained artistic freedom in making 1969’s Trout Mask Replica, which was ranked 58th in Rolling Stone magazine’s 2003 list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. Beefheart followed this up with the album Lick My Decals Off, Baby, released in 1970. In 1974, frustrated by lack of commercial success, he released two albums of more conventional rock music that were critically panned; this move, combined with not having been paid for a European tour, and years of enduring Beefheart’s abusive behavior, led the entire band to quit. Beefheart eventually formed a new Magic Band with a group of younger musicians and regained contemporary approval through three final albums: Shiny Beast (Bat Chain Puller) (1978), Doc at the Radar Station (1980) and Ice Cream for Crow (1982).
Van Vliet has been described as “one of modern music’s true innovators” with “a singular body of work virtually unrivalled in its daring and fluid creativity.” Although he achieved little commercial or mainstream critical success, he sustained a cult following as a “highly significant” and “incalculable” influence on an array of new wave, punk, post-punk, experimental and alternative rock musicians. Known for his enigmatic personality and relationship with the public, Van Vliet made few public appearances after his retirement from music in 1982. He pursued a career in art, an interest that originated in his childhood talent for sculpture, and a venture which proved to be his most financially secure. His expressionist paintings and drawings command high prices, and have been exhibited in art galleries and museums across the world. Van Vliet died in 2010, having suffered from multiple sclerosis for many years.
I Rain Parade furono un gruppo musicale neo-psichedelico importante nel contesto del movimento musicale noto come Paisley underground sviluppatosi a Los Angeles negli anni ottanta.
Si formarono nel 1981 come Sidewalks composti da Matt Piucci (cantante) e David Roback (chitarra)a cui si aggiunsero il fratello di David, Steven Roback (basso), Eddie Kalwa (batteria) e Will Glenn (tastiere, violino). I fratelli Roback avevano suonato con Susanna Hoffs in precedenza con un gruppo minore: The Unconscious with Neighbor.
Pubblicarono il primo singolo nel 1982 per la propria etichetta Llama. L’anno successivo firmarono per l’Enigma che pubblicò il loro album d’esordio Emergency Third Rail Power Trip, subito dopo David Roback lascia il gruppo per formare gli Opal e viene sostituito da John Thoman. Il gruppo proseguì con il mini album Explosions in the Glass Palace del 1984, un live e con un terzo disco nel 1985 Crashing Dream per la Island, prima di sciogliersi prima temporaneamente nel 1986 a causa dell’uscita dal gruppo di Piucci che pubblica un album con Tim Lee (Gone Fishin’) e che entrerà i seguito per un breve periodo nei Crazy Horse e poi definitivamente nel 1988, senza pubblicare il disco doppio che stavano preparando.
Alcuni componenti del gruppo formarono poi i Viva Saturn che pubblicheranno 2 album negli anni 90.
La loro produzione, tipica del genere, unisce il jingle-jangle in stile Byrds a elementi del sound acido-elettrico dei Velvet Underground e fantasie infantili lisergiche a lá Syd Barrett.
The Rain Parade is a band that was originally active in the Paisley Underground scene in Los Angeles in the 1980s, and that reunited and resumed touring in 2012.
I Jethro Tull sono stati un gruppo rock progressivo originario di Blackpool, in Inghilterra, fondato nel 1967 dallo scozzese Ian Anderson (flauto traverso e polistrumentista).
La formazione prende il nome dal pioniere della moderna agricoltura, l’agronomo Jethro Tull (1674-1741).
La loro musica è contraddistinta dalla presenza dominante del flauto traverso, suonato dal virtuoso leader Ian Scott Anderson.
Dopo un esordio all’insegna del richiamo al blues, i Jethro Tull hanno attraversato la storia del rock, sperimentando vari generi e stili, dal classico al folk rock, dal progressive al jazz rock al folk prodotto con strumentazioni acustiche.
Hanno venduto più di 60 milioni di album in tutto il mondo.
Nel mese di aprile 2014 Anderson ha dichiarato che i “Jethro Tull” come band non esistono più e la volontà di lasciare l’eredità del nome continuando la sua carriera solista
Jethro Tull were a British rock group, formed in Luton, Bedfordshire, in December 1967. Initially playing blues rock, the band’s sound soon incorporated elements of British folk music and hard rock to forge a progressive rock signature. The band was led by vocalist/flautist/guitarist Ian Anderson, and have included other significant members such as guitarist Martin Barre, keyboardist John Evan, drummers Clive Bunker, Doane Perry, and Barriemore Barlow, and bassists Glen Cornick, Jeffrey Hammond, and Dave Pegg.
The group achieved commercial success in 1969, with the folk-tinged blues album Stand Up, which reached No. 1 in the UK charts, and they toured regularly in the UK and the US. Their musical style shifted in the direction of progressive rock with the albums Aqualung, Thick as a Brick and A Passion Play, and shifted again to hard rock mixed with folk rock with Songs from the Wood and Heavy Horses. Jethro Tull have sold over 60 million albums worldwide, with 11 gold and five platinum albums among them. They have been described by Rolling Stone as “one of the most commercially successful and eccentric progressive rock bands”.
The last works released as a group were in 2003, though the band continued to tour until 2011. In April 2014, as he was concentrating on his solo career, Anderson said that Jethro Tull were finished
Timothy Charles Buckley III nacque a Washington, figlio di Elaine, un’italoamericana, e di Tim Charles Buckley Jr., un pluridecorato della seconda guerra mondiale con origini irlandesi. Trascorse l’infanzia ad Amsterdam, cittadina industriale dello Stato di New York, dove ebbe i primi contatti con la musica: la madre era una fan di Miles Davis e il padre della musica country. Nel 1956 la famiglia si trasferì a Bell Gardens in California.
A tredici anni imparò a suonare il banjo e con il compagno di scuola Dan Gordon formò un gruppo ispirato al The Kingston Trio. Entrò nella squadra di football americanodella scuola, dove coprì il ruolo di quarterback. Durante uno scontro di gioco si ruppe le prime due dita della mano sinistra. Non riottenne mai l’uso completo delle dita, tanto che non poté più suonare il barré e ciò lo costrinse a usare accordi estesi. Durante il periodo delle scuole superiori conobbe Larry Beckett, autore della maggior parte dei testi dei suoi primi brani, e Jim Fiedler. Il 25 ottobre del 1965, a diciannove anni, sposò la compagna di scuola Mary Guibert, dalla quale, un anno più tardi, ebbe un figlio, Jeff Buckley, nato il 17 novembre 1966. Anche egli, negli anni novanta, sarebbe divenuto un musicista.
Finita la scuola iniziò a esibirsi in diversi club di Los Angeles. In uno di questi spettacoli venne notato da Jac Holzman, proprietario della Elektra Records, che lo mise sotto contratto, permettendogli di pubblicare nel dicembre del 1966 il suo primo LP, l’omonimo Tim Buckley. In supporto al disco cominciò un lungo tour negli Stati Uniti, durante il quale partecipò anche allo show televisivo di Johnny Carson.
Nel 1967, ancora per l’Elektra, pubblicò Goodbye and Hello, disco fortemente influenzato dal folk rock di Bob Dylan e dal rock psichedelico in auge in quegli anni. L’album è considerato dalla critica il primo dei suoi capolavori. I brani I Never Asked to Be Your Mountain e Once I Was verranno reinterpretati dal figlio Jeff durante il concerto in memoria del padre, tenutosi a New York il 26 aprile del 1991. Un altro brano, Morning Glory, verrà reinterpretato dalla band britannica This Mortal Coil nell’album del 1986 Filigree & Shadow. Anche a questo disco fece seguito un lungo tour, che giunse anche in Europa, dove si esibì per lo show radiofonico di John Peel.
Nel 1969 uscì il terzo album, Happy Sad, influenzato questa volta più dal jazz, in particolare da Miles Davis, con brani più dilatati rispetto al disco precedente. Anche questo lavoro è ben valutato dalla critica, nonostante lo scarso successo di vendite.
Nello stesso anno rescisse il contratto con l’Elektra, passando alla Straight Records di Frank Zappa e del produttore Herb Cohen. Per questa etichetta pubblicò Blue Afternoon (1969). Nel 1970 uscì per l’Elektra l’album Lorca, che venne registrato contemporaneamente a Blue Afternoon. Proprio Lorca è generalmente considerato dalla critica come l’album di passaggio fra il “periodo folk” di Goodbye and Hello e Happy Sad a quello “psichedelico” del successivo Starsailor.
Nel 1970 realizzò e diede alle stampe Starsailor, disco più vicino alla sperimentazione, considerato da molti critici il suo massimo capolavoro e indubbiamente uno dei più ardui esperimenti sul canto mai realizzati.In questo album è presente il brano Song to the Siren, probabilmente il più famoso di Buckley, la cui reinterpretazione della band inglese This Mortal Coil sull’album It’ll End in Tears del 1984 riscuoterà notevole successo. Il brano verrà inoltre reinterpretato nel 2002 da Robert Plant sul suo album Dreamland, nel 2009 da John Frusciante su The Empyrean e nel 2010 da Sinéad O’Connor.
In seguito allo scarso successo commerciale dei suoi dischi, dopo la pubblicazione di Starsailor Buckley sospese temporaneamente l’attività musicale, cadendo preda della depressione e sviluppando una dipendenza per l’alcool e le droghe. Inoltre, si dedica ad altre attività, come il cinema, scrivendo sceneggiature e recitando nel film mai uscito Why?, di Victor Stoloff.
Nel 1972 vi fu il ritorno sulle scene con l’album Greetings from L.A., che virò il suono verso il funk, a cui fecero seguito nel 1973 Sefronia e nel 1974 Look at the Fool, due album considerati dalla critica come il punto più basso della sua produzione.
Tim Buckley was born in Washington, D.C. on St. Valentine’s Day, to Elaine (née Scalia), an Italian American, and Timothy Charles Buckley Jr., a highly decoratedWorld War II veteran who was the son of Irish immigrants from Cork. He spent his early childhood in Amsterdam, New York, an industrial city approximately 40 miles northwest of Albany; at five years old he began listening to his mother’s progressive jazz recordings, particularly Miles Davis.
Buckley’s musical life began in earnest after his family moved to Bell Gardens in southern California in 1956. His grandmother introduced him to the work of Bessie Smith and Billie Holiday, his mother to Frank Sinatra and Judy Garland and his father to the country music of Hank Williams and Johnny Cash. When the folk music revolution came around in the early 1960s, Buckley taught himself the banjo at age 13, and with several friends formed a folk group inspired by the Kingston Trio that played local high school events.
During his initial high school years, Buckley was a popular and engaged student; he was elected to numerous offices, played on the baseball team and quarterbacked the football team. During a football game he broke the first two fingers on his left hand, permanently damaging them. He later said that the injury prevented him from playing barre chords. This disability may have led to his use of extended chords, many of which don’t require barres.
Buckley attended Loara High School in Anaheim, California, which left him disillusioned. He quit football and cut classes regularly, focusing most of his attention on music instead. He befriended Larry Beckett, his future lyricist, and Jim Fielder, a bass player with whom he formed two separate musical groups, The Bohemians, who initially played popular music, and The Harlequin 3, a folk group which regularly incorporatedspoken word and beat poetry into their gigs.
In 1965, during French class, Buckley met Mary Guibert, one grade his junior. Their relationship inspired some of Buckley’s music, and provided him time away from his turbulent home life. His father had become unstable, angry and occasionally violent in his later years. He had suffered a serious head injury during the war; that, along with a severe work-related injury, was said to have affected his mental balance.
Buckley and Guibert married on October 25, 1965, as Guibert believed she was pregnant. The marriage angered Mary’s father and he did not attend the wedding; Buckley’s father attended, but joked to the priest, “I give it six months”. Shortly after the wedding Mary realized that she was not pregnant after all.
The marriage was tumultuous, and Buckley quickly moved out, but Mary soon became pregnant. After several months, Buckley found himself neither willing nor able to cope with marriage and impending fatherhood. From then on he and Mary only saw each other sporadically. They divorced in October 1966, about a month before their son Jeffrey Scott was born.
By then, he and lyricist/friend Beckett had written dozens of songs; several were to appear on Tim’s debut album, Tim Buckley. “Buzzin’ Fly”, was also written during this period, and was featured on Happy Sad, his 1969 LP.
Buckley’s ill-conceived college career at Fullerton College lasted only two weeks in 1965; Buckley dropped out and dedicated himself fully to his music and to playing L.A. folk clubs. During the summer of 1965 he played regularly at a club co-founded by Dan Gordon. Later in the year he played various Orange County coffeehouses, such as the White Room in Buena Park, and the Monday night hootenannies at the famed Los Angeles Troubadour. That year Cheetah Magazine deemed Buckley an up-and-comer, one of “The Orange County Three”, along with Steve Noonan and Jackson Browne.
In February 1966, following a gig at L.A.’s It’s Boss, The Mothers of Invention‘s drummer Jimmy Carl Black recommended Buckley to Mothers manager, Herb Cohen. Cohen saw potential in Tim and landed him an extended gig at the Nite Owl Cafe in Greenwich Village. Buckley’s new girlfriend, Jainie Goldstein, drove him cross-country to New York in her VW bug. While living in the Bowery with Jainie, Buckley ran into Lee Underwood, and asked him to play guitar for him. From there, they became lifelong friends and collaborators.
Mossero i primi passi suonando in piccoli locali della costa occidentale degli Stati Uniti raggiungendo presto una certa notorietà, grazie soprattutto alla fortunata rilettura della dylaniana Mr Tambourine Man, brano che ha contribuito in maniera significativa alla nascita e alla divulgazione del folk rock. Caratteristica fondamentale del loro sound era il pionieristico utilizzo della chitarra Rickenbacker a 12 corde, denominato jingle-jangle.
La band ha poi abbracciato generi musicali via via differenti, dal rock psichedelico al country rock, arrivando a coniare nuovi stili come il raga rock (il rock influenzato dallearmonie indiane) o lo space rock.
Del gruppo dei Byrds hanno originariamente fatto parte musicisti che, nel corso degli anni, hanno poi goduto di successo come solisti o internamente ad altre band.
I cinque Byrds co-fondatori del gruppo sono stati: Jim McGuinn – che nel 1966 ha adottato il nome di Roger McGuinn (chitarra Rickenbacker a 12 corde e voce) – il cantante e chitarrista David Crosby, Gene Clark (autore di molti brani, voce, chitarra, tamburello e percussioni, morto nel 1991), Chris Hillman (basso, chitarra, mandolino) e Michael Clarke (batteria, percussioni, deceduto nel 1992).
The Byrds /ˈbɜrdz/ were an American rock band, formed in Los Angeles, California in 1964. The band underwent multiple line-up changes throughout its existence, with frontman Roger McGuinn (known as Jim McGuinn until mid-1967) remaining the sole consistent member, until the group disbanded in 1973. Although they only managed to attain the huge commercial success of contemporaries like the Beatles, the Beach Boys, and the Rolling Stones for a short period (1965–66), the Byrds are today considered by critics to be one of the most influential bands of the 1960s. Initially, they pioneered the musical genre of folk rock, melding the influence of the Beatles and other British Invasion bands with contemporary and traditional folk music. As the 1960s progressed, the band was also influential in originating psychedelic rock, raga rock, and country rock.
The band’s signature blend of clear harmony singing and McGuinn’s jangly twelve-string Rickenbacker guitar has continued to be influential on popular music up to the present day. Among the band’s most enduring songs are their cover versions of Bob Dylan‘s “Mr. Tambourine Man” and Pete Seeger‘s “Turn! Turn! Turn! (to Everything There Is a Season)“, along with the self-penned originals, “I’ll Feel a Whole Lot Better“, “Eight Miles High“, “So You Want to Be a Rock ‘n’ Roll Star“, “Ballad of Easy Rider” and “Chestnut Mare“.
The original five-piece line-up of the Byrds consisted of Jim McGuinn (lead guitar, vocals), Gene Clark (tambourine, vocals), David Crosby (rhythm guitar, vocals), Chris Hillman (bass guitar, vocals), and Michael Clarke (drums). However, this version of the band was relatively short-lived and by early 1966, Clark had left due to problems associated with anxiety and his increasing isolation within the group. The Byrds continued as a quartet until late 1967, when Crosby and Clarke also departed the band. McGuinn and Hillman decided to recruit new members, including country rock pioneer Gram Parsons, but by late 1968, Hillman and Parsons had also exited the band. McGuinn, who by this time had changed his name to Roger after a flirtation with the Subud religion, elected to rebuild the band’s membership and between 1968 and 1973, he helmed a new incarnation of the Byrds, featuring guitarist Clarence White among others. McGuinn disbanded the then current line-up in early 1973, to make way for a reunion of the original quintet. The Byrds’ final album was released in March 1973, with the reunited group disbanding soon afterwards.
Several former members of the band went on to successful careers of their own, either as solo artists or as members of such groups as Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, the Flying Burrito Brothers and the Desert Rose Band. In the late 1980s, Gene Clark and Michael Clarke both began touring as the Byrds, prompting a legal challenge from McGuinn, Crosby, and Hillman over the rights to the band’s name. As a result of this, McGuinn, Crosby, and Hillman performed a series of reunion concerts as the Byrds in 1989 and 1990, and also recorded four new Byrds’ songs.
In January 1991, the Byrds were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, an occasion that saw the five original members performing together for the last time.McGuinn, Crosby, and Hillman still remain active but Gene Clark died of a heart attack in 1991, and Michael Clarke died of liver failure in 1993.
Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (spesso abbreviato CSN&Y) è un supergruppo musicale statunitense di musica pop/rock che ha avuto un momento di particolare notorietà nei primi anni settanta. I musicisti che lo formavano erano appartenuti a tre gruppi attivi nella metà degli anni sessanta e specializzati nel repertorio folk–rock (gli statunitensi Byrds e Buffalo Springfield e gli inglesi Hollies). Tali gruppi erano considerati una sorta di alter ego dei Beatles e, almeno in parte, un tentativo di risposta statunitense allo strapotere del gruppo di Liverpool
La formazione base era inizialmente costituita dal trio Crosby, Stills & Nash: nel 1969 fu pubblicato il loro primo album il cui titolo era costituito semplicemente dai loro cognomi e che scalò rapidamente le classifiche di vendita. Solo successivamente ad essi si aggiunse Neil Young (in occasione del Festival di Woodstock).
Furono tre gli album pubblicati a cavallo degli anni sessanta e settanta: Déjà vu; So Far (con l’immagine in copertina disegnata da Joni Mitchell); e il doppio live 4 Way Streetche costituisce la summa del loro percorso artistico unitario, che contiene tra le altre la celebre canzone-invettiva Ohio, scritta da Neil Young in memoria dell’eccidio compiuto nel 1970 a Kent (Ohio) dalla polizia che sparò su studenti pacifisti uccidendone quattro, divenuta il loro personale manifesto contro l’impegno statunitense nella guerra del Vietnam.
Altri brani da segnalare nella produzione di quegli anni sono Teach Your Children, The Lee Shore, Suite: Judy Blue Eyes, Carry On, Right Between the Eyes, Love the One You’re With, e la loro interpretazione di Woodstock di Joni Mitchell.
Anche singolarmente – nel divenire di lunghe anche se non sempre lineari carriere – i quattro componenti del CSN&Y hanno riscosso un notevole successo sia in termini di popolarità che di vendite di dischi. Nel 1998 CSN&Y sono stati inseriti nella Vocal Group Hall of Fame. Più volte scioltisi e più volte ricompostisi – sotto forma di duo o trio, in combinazioni differenti – sono tornati a esibirsi live nella primavera del 2005. CSN hanno poi fatto due tournée, con passaggi anche in Italia, nel 2011 (Padova, Milano, Firenze e Roma) e poi nel 2013 (Brescia e Piazzola Sul Brenta di Padova).
Crosby, Stills & Nash (CSN) is a folk rock supergroup made up of David Crosby, Stephen Stills and Graham Nash. They are known as Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (CSNY) when joined by occasional fourth member Neil Young. They are noted for their intricate vocal harmonies, often tumultuous interpersonal relationships, political activism, and lasting influence on American music and culture. All four members of CSNY have been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice, though Young’s inductions were for work not involving the group.
Prior to the formation of CSN, each member of the band had belonged to another prominent group. David Crosby played guitar, sang and wrote songs with the Byrds; Stephen Stills had been a guitarist, keyboardist, vocalist and songwriter in the band Buffalo Springfield (which also featured Neil Young); and Graham Nash had been a guitarist, singer and songwriter with the Hollies.
Due to internal friction, Crosby was dismissed from The Byrds in late 1967. By early 1968, Buffalo Springfield had disintegrated, and after aiding in putting together the band’s final album, Stills was unemployed. He and Crosby began meeting informally and jamming. The result of one encounter in Florida on Crosby’s schooner was the song “Wooden Ships“, composed in collaboration with another guest, Jefferson Airplane‘sPaul Kantner.
Graham Nash had been introduced to Crosby when the Byrds had toured the United Kingdom in 1966, and when the Hollies ventured to California in 1968, Nash resumed his acquaintance with him. At a party in July 1968 at Joni Mitchell‘s house, Nash asked Stills and Crosby to repeat their performance of a new song by Stills, “You Don’t Have To Cry”, with Nash improvising a third part harmony. The vocals jelled, and the three realized that they had a unique vocal chemistry.
Creatively frustrated with the Hollies, Nash decided to quit the band and work with Crosby and Stills. After failing an audition with the Beatles‘ Apple Records, they were signed to Atlantic Records by Ahmet Ertegün, who had been a fan of Buffalo Springfield and was disappointed by that band’s demise. From the outset, given their previous experiences, the trio decided not to be locked into a group structure. They used their surnames as identification to ensure independence and a guarantee that the band could not continue without one of them, unlike both the Byrds and the Hollies. They picked up a management team in Elliot Robertsand David Geffen, who got them signed to Atlantic and would help to consolidate clout for the group in the industry. Roberts kept the band focused and dealt with egos, while Geffen handled the business deals, since, in Crosby’s words, they needed a shark and Geffen was it.
Stills was already signed to Atlantic Records through his Buffalo Springfield contract. Crosby had been released from his Byrds’ deal with Columbia, as he was considered to be unimportant and too difficult to work with. Nash, however, was still signed to Epic Records through the Hollies. Ertegun worked out a deal with Clive Davis to essentially trade Nash to Atlantic in exchange for Richie Furay (who was also signed to Atlantic from having been in Buffalo Springfield) and his new band Poco
I Fairport Convention sono un gruppo folk rock inglese. Fondati da Simon Nicol, Richard Thompson, Ashley Hutchings e Shaun Frater, i Fairport Convention, iniziando come gruppo di cover di rock della West Coast, sviluppano presto un loro stile che mescola il rock con la musica tradizionale folk inglese, contendendosi il titolo di più grande folk rock band inglese con i Pentangle. Dopo numerosi cambi di formazione si sciolgono nel 1979 per riformarsi per un concerto nel 1985, da allora continuano a suonare e pubblicare dischi. In parte il continuo successo che ancora oggi hanno i Fairport Convention è dovuto all’annuale festival di Cropredy, nell’Oxfordshire, ora rinominato Fairport’s Cropredy Convention e che riunisce ogni anno almeno 20.000 fan sin dal 1974.
Fairport Convention are an English folk rock and electric folk band. Formed in 1967, they are widely regarded as a key group in the English folk rock movement.
Their seminal album Liege & Lief is considered to have launched the electric folk or English folk rock movement, which provided a distinctively English identity to rock music and helped awaken much wider interest in traditional music in general. The large number of personnel who have been part of the band are among the most highly regarded and influential musicians of their era and have gone on to participate in a large number of significant bands, or enjoyed important solo careers.
Since 1979, they have hosted the Cropredy Festival, which is the largest such annual event in England. Individually and collectively the members of Fairport Convention have received numerous awards recognizing their contribution to music and culture. As of 2015, they continue to record and tour.
Attivo per un quarto di secolo, con dieci diverse formazioni, è stato tra i più importanti gruppi musicali rock che ha prodotto l’area di San Francisco
The Flamin’ Groovies is an American rock music band whose peak was in the 1960s and 1970s. They began in San Francisco in 1965, founded by Ron Greco, Cyril Jordan and Roy Loney. They are perhaps best known for their song “Shake Some Action”, a cover version of which, by American band Cracker, was later featured in the 1995 movie Clueless. The group have been called one of the forerunners of punk rock, and they also had a major influence on the power pop genre.
I Pink Floyd sono stati un gruppo musicale rock britannico formatosi nella seconda metà degli anni sessanta che, nel corso di una lunga e travagliata carriera, è riuscito a riscrivere le tendenze musicali della propria epoca, diventando uno dei gruppi più importanti della storia.
Sebbene agli inizi si siano dedicati prevalentemente alla psichedelia e allo space rock, il genere che meglio definisce l’opera dei Pink Floyd, caratterizzata da una coerente ricerca filosofica, esperimenti sonori, grafiche innovative e spettacolari concerti, è il rock progressivo.
Nel 2008 si è stimato che abbiano venduto circa 250 milioni di dischi in tutto il mondo, di cui 74,5 milioni nei soli Stati Uniti d’America.
I Pink Floyd hanno influenzato considerevolmente la musica successiva, dai gruppi progressive degli anni settanta, come Genesis e Yes, fino a musicisti contemporanei, come Nine Inch Nails, Dream Theater e Porcupine Tree.
Il gruppo, nato a Londra nel 1965, viene fondato dal cantante e chitarrista Roger Keith “Syd” Barrett, dal bassista George Roger Waters, dal batterista Nicholas Berkeley “Nick” Mason e dal tastierista Richard William “Rick” Wright. Nel dicembre del 1967 si aggiunge al gruppo il chitarrista David Jon “Dave” Gilmour, che si affianca e quindi si sostituisce definitivamente a Barrett, progressivamente emarginatosi dal gruppo a causa del pesante uso di droghe e di una forma di alienazione.
Il gruppo, dopo essersi fatto notare grazie a lavori di stampo psichedelico, raggiunge la maturità con Atom Heart Mother e Meddle, e si afferma a livello mondiale con The Dark Side of the Moon e i successivi album, tra cui Wish You Were Here, Animals e The Wall, che consegnano i quattro alla storia del rock. La formazione non subisce sostanziali cambiamenti fino al 1985, escludendo una parentesi di alcuni anni in cui Wright figura solo come turnista. Nel 1985 Waters abbandona il gruppo e i membri rimanenti, dopo aver vinto la breve battaglia legale per stabilire a chi spettasse continuare a usare il nome “Pink Floyd”, pubblicano successivamente altri due album in studio: A Momentary Lapse of Reason e The Division Bell. La formazione cessa la propria attività nel 1995, sciogliendosi definitivamente nel 2006, quando Gilmour nega ufficialmente la possibilità di una riunione. Nel 2008, con la morte di Wright, si spengono di fatto le speranze dei fan di rivedere il gruppo dal vivo con tutti e quattro i componenti al completo. Tuttavia, il 5 luglio 2014 viene annunciata da Polly Samson, moglie di David Gilmour, la pubblicazione a ottobre dello stesso anno di un quindicesimo album in studio, The Endless River.
Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London. They achieved international acclaim with their progressive and psychedelic music. Distinguished by their use of philosophical lyrics, sonic experimentation, extended compositions and elaborate live shows, they are one of the most commercially successful and musically influential groups in the history of popular music.
Pink Floyd were founded in 1965 by students Syd Barrett, Nick Mason, Roger Waters, and Richard Wright. They gained popularity performing in London’s underground music scene during the late 1960s, and under Barrett’s leadership released two charting singles and a successful debut album, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (1967). David Gilmour joined as a fifth member in December 1967; Barrett left the band in April 1968 due to deteriorating mental health exacerbated by drug use. Waters became the band’s primary lyricist and, by the mid-1970s, their dominant songwriter, devising the concepts behind their critically and commercially successful albums The Dark Side of the Moon (1973), Wish You Were Here (1975), Animals (1977), The Wall (1979) and The Final Cut (1983).
Wright left Pink Floyd in 1979, followed by Waters in 1985, declaring it a “spent force”. Gilmour and Mason continued as Pink Floyd; Wright rejoined them as a session musician and, later, a band member. The three produced two more albums, A Momentary Lapse of Reason (1987) and The Division Bell (1994), and toured until 1994. After nearly two decades of acrimony, Pink Floyd reunited with Waters in 2005 for a performance at the global awareness event Live 8, but Gilmour and Waters have since stated they have no plans to reunite as a band again. Barrett died in 2006 and Wright in 2008. The final Pink Floyd studio album, The Endless River, recorded without Waters and based on material recorded in 1993–1994, was released in November 2014.
Pink Floyd were inducted into the US Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996, and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. By 2013, the band had sold more than 250 million records worldwide, including 75 million certified units in the United States.
Gli Eels sono una band alternative rock statunitense composta da Mark Oliver Everett, meglio conosciuto con lo pseudonimo di Mr. E o E, attorno al quale ruotano numerosi musicisti. La storia degli Eels è in pratica la storia della tormentata vita dell’eclettico frontman.
Eels (often typeset as eels or EELS) is an American alternative rock band, formed in California in 1995 by singer/songwriter and multi-instrumentalist Mark Oliver Everett, known by the stage name “E.” Band members have changed across the years, both in the studio and on stage, making Everett the only official member for most of the band’s work. Often filled with themes about family, death and lost love, Eels’ music straddles a wide range of genres, which is evidenced by the distinct musical style of every album. Since 1996, Eels has released eleven studio albums, seven of which charted in the Billboard 200. Their most recent The Cautionary Tales of Mark Oliver Everett (2014) was followed by a live album in 2015.
I Roxy Music sono stati un gruppo musicale glam rock britannico attivo tra il 1971 e il 1983.
Considerati una delle maggiori influenze per il movimento musicale new romantic e synthpop dei primi anni ottanta, in particolare al riguardo di gruppi come Duran Duran, ABC, Spandau Ballet, Japan.
Roxy Music were an English glam rock group formed in 1971 by Bryan Ferry, who became the group’s lead vocalist and chief songwriter, and bassist Graham Simpson. Alongside Ferry, the other longtime members were Phil Manzanera (guitar), Andy Mackay (saxophone and oboe) and Paul Thompson (drums and percussion). Other former members include Brian Eno (synthesiser and “treatments”), Eddie Jobson (synthesiser and violin), and John Gustafson (bass). Although the band took a break from group activities in 1976 and again in 1983, they reunited for a concert tour in 2001, and toured together intermittently between that time and their break-up in 2011. Ferry frequently enlisted members of Roxy Music as session musicians for his solo releases.
Roxy Music attained popular and critical success in Europe and Australia during the 1970s and early 1980s, beginning with their debut album, Roxy Music (1972). The band was highly influential as leading proponents of the more experimental, musically sophisticated element of glam, as well as a significant influence on early English punk music. They also provided a model for many new wave acts and the experimental electronic groups of the early 1980s. The group is distinguished by their visual and musical sophistication and their preoccupation with style and glamour. Ferry and co-founding member Eno have also had influential solo careers, the latter becoming one of the most significant record producers and collaborators of the late 20th century. Rolling Stone magazine ranked Roxy Music No. 98 on its “The Immortals – 100 The Greatest Artists of All Time” list.
The band’s last studio album was 1982’s Avalon. In 2005 they began recording a new studio album, which would have been their ninth, and would have been their first record since 1973 with Brian Eno, who wrote two songs for it and also played keyboards. However, Bryan Ferry eventually confirmed that material from these sessions would be released as a Ferry solo album, with Eno playing on “a couple of tracks,” and that he doesn’t think they’ll ever record as Roxy Music again. The album ultimately became Ferry’s 2010 album Olympia.
Roxy Music played a series of 40th anniversary shows in 2011, but has since become inactive as a performing entity
Nelle sue opere esplora temi come la religione, l’isolamento e la sessualità, ripiegando spesso sull’individuo. Vincitore di numerosi premi e onorificenze, è inserito nellaRock and Roll Hall of Fame, nella Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame e nella Canadian Music Hall of Fame. È inoltre insignito del titolo di Compagno dell’Ordine del Canada, la più alta onorificenza concessa dal Canada. Nel 2011, ricevette il Premio Principe delle Asturie per la letteratura.
Leonard Norman Cohen, CC GOQ (born 21 September 1934) is a Canadian singer, songwriter, musician, painter, poet, and novelist. His work has explored religion, politics, isolation, sexuality, and personal relationships. Cohen has been inducted into both the Canadian Music Hall of Fame and the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame as well as the American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. He is also a Companion of the Order of Canada, the nation’s highest civilian honor. In 2011, Cohen received aPrincess of Asturias Awards for literature.
The critic Bruce Eder assessed Cohen’s overall career in popular music by asserting that “[he is] one of the most fascinating and enigmatic … singer/songwriters of the late ’60s … [and] has retained an audience across four decades of music-making…. Second only to Bob Dylan (and perhaps Paul Simon) [in terms of influence], he commands the attention of critics and younger musicians more firmly than any other musical figure from the 1960s who is still working at the outset of the 21st century.”
One of his notable novels, Beautiful Losers (1966) received attention from the Canadian press and was considered controversial because of a number of sexually graphic passages. The Academy of American Poets has commented more broadly on Cohen’s overall career in the arts, including his work as a poet, novelist, and songwriter, stating that “Cohen’s successful blending of poetry, fiction, and music is made most clear in Stranger Music: Selected Poems and Songs, published in 1993, which gathered more than 200 of Cohen’s poems … several novel excerpts, and almost 60 song lyrics… While it may seem to some that Leonard Cohen departed from the literary in pursuit of the musical, his fans continue to embrace him as a Renaissance man who straddles the elusive artistic borderlines.”
Cohen’s first album was Songs of Leonard Cohen (1967) followed by Songs from a Room (1969) (featuring the often-recorded “Bird on the Wire”) and Songs of Love and Hate (1971). His 1977 record Death of a Ladies’ Man was co-written and produced by Phil Spector, which was a move away from Cohen’s previous minimalist sound. In 1979 Cohen returned with the more traditional Recent Songs, which blended his acoustic style with jazz and Oriental and Mediterranean influences. “Hallelujah” was first released on Cohen’s studio album Various Positions in 1984. I’m Your Man in 1988 marked Cohen’s turn to synthesized productions and remains his most popular album. In 1992 Cohen released its follow-up, The Future, which had dark lyrics and references to political and social unrest. Cohen returned to music in 2001 with the release ofTen New Songs, which was a major hit in Canada and Europe. In 2006 Cohen produced and co-wrote Blue Alert, a collaboration with jazz chanteuse Anjani Thomas. After the success of his 2008–13 world tours, Cohen released the highest charting album in his entire career, Old Ideas, to positive reviews. On 22 September 2014, one day after his 80th birthday, Cohen released his 13th studio album, Popular Problems, again to positive reviews.