Archivio tag | Preghiere

Il perdono guarisce



Perché, se voi perdonate agli uomini le loro offese,
il vostro Padre celeste perdonerà anche a voi;
ma se voi non perdonate agli uomini le loro offese,
neppure il Padre vostro perdonerà le vostre.

Matteo 6:14-15


Il perdono guarisce

Uno dei maggiori ostacoli alla vera vita cristiana è la mancanza di perdono. Il perdono rende capaci di amare e di crescere, riconcilia con gli altri, cura lo spirito e il corpo.

Il perdono è sorgente di guarigione, guarisce infatti le ferite provocate dal risentimento, rinnova le persone, i matrimoni, le famiglie, le comunità, la vita sociale.

Il perdono è la chiave dei nostri rapporti con Dio, col prossimo e con noi stessi.

Il perdono è una necessità: non possiamo fare a meno di perdonare. Se non perdono non posso essere perdonato!

Il perdono è una decisione: non è un sentimento, ma un atto della nostra volontà. Decido di perdonare anche se non me la sento. È la scelta di amare gli altri così come sono.

Il perdono è uno stile di vita: è lo stile di vita del cristiano che accetta di perdonare sempre, chiunque e per ogni cosa.

Il perdono è un processo, cioè una continua crescita verso la libertà interiore. Non dimentichiamo che alcune esperienze sono così dolorose da richiedere molto tempo trascorso nel perdono.

Chi dobbiamo perdonare?

Come il comandamento ci dice di amare Dio, il prossimo e noi stessi, allo stesso modo dobbiamo esercitare il chiedere e il dare perdono in queste tre direzioni.

A) “Dio”

A volte si prova risentimento verso Dio per le malattie, la morte, le avversità e le disgrazie. Occorre umiliarsi e chiedere perdono a Dio per tutte queste cose che, accusando Dio, causano risentimento e ostacolano la nostra guarigione.

Sembra un caso raro, ma sono molte le persone che ritengono – consciamente o no – che Dio sia colpevole delle loro disgrazie.

B) Perdonare il prossimo

La Bibbia parla ampiamente di questo argomento. L’odio non è solo il maggior ostacolo per ricevere la guarigione, ma molte volte è addirittura causa di infermità. (Luca 6:37)

C) Perdonare se stessi

È impossibile perdonare gli altri, se prima non perdoniamo noi stessi.

Perdonare se stessi significa accettarsi in tutti gli aspetti spirituali, psicologici, fisici e sociali. Significa credere che Gesù perdona ogni aspetto, ogni errore, quando veniamo a Lui chiedendo perdono con umiltà. Gesù ha dato la Sua vita per noi, perciò il senso di colpa non ha più ragione di esistere.

Nella preghiera che segue vengono toccate molte zone significative della nostra vita passata e presente. Spesso questa preghiera può far affiorare altri ricordi della nostra vita che hanno bisogno di perdono.

Preghiera di perdono

Signore Gesù, donami il Tuo Santo Spirito, che è spirito di amore e di perdono, perché mi sostenga e mi guidi in questa preghiera di perdono e mi dia la forza di perdonare tutti, come Tu hai perdonato.

Signore Gesù Cristo, oggi Ti chiedo di poter perdonare tutte le persone della mia vita.

So che Tu me ne darai la capacità e la forza.

Ti ringrazio perché mi ami e desideri la mia felicità.

Signore, io Ti chiedo perdono per tutte le volte che ho pensato che eri Tu la causa delle mie disgrazie (morte, malattia, divisioni familiari…) e la gente diceva che era la “volontà di Dio”. Io Ti chiedo perdono anche per tutte le difficoltà e i problemi economici, perché pensavo che Tu me li inviavi, ai miei familiari e ai miei parenti, per il mio male. Signore, è possibile che abbia conservato questi risentimenti verso di Te, però adesso io Ti chiedo perdono.

Signore, grazie alla Tua misericordia, io posso ricevere da Te il perdono per i miei sbagli, le mie cadute e le loro conseguenze. Grazie per il perdono per tutte le volte che mi sono chiuso verso di Te e verso gli altri. Grazie per il perdono per tutte le scelte sbagliate che ho fatto, per tutte le mie tristezze e angosce quando Ti ho messo da parte; grazie per il perdono per aver calunniato, giudicato, offeso, per non aver amato gli altri.

Grazio perché Tu mi accetti come sono: la mia persona, la mia situazione personale e familiare, il mio corpo e la mia sessualità, i miei complessi di colpa e di inferiorità, i miei egoismi. Ho bisogno del tuo perdono, Signore, e voglio affidarmi al Tuo amore misericordioso e all’azione trasformatrice del Tuo Spirito.

Io perdono mia madre…

La perdono per tutte le volte che non mi ha dato amore, affetto, comprensione, dialogo; per tutte le volte in cui ha avuto dei risentimenti verso di me, per tutte le volte in cui si è arrabbiata con me e mi ha punito.

La perdono per tutte le volte in cui ha preferito a me i miei fratelli e sorelle.

La perdono per tutte le volte che mi ha offeso con parole o atteggiamenti e mi ha chiamato il peggiore dei figli, o quando mi ha rinfacciato quanto le sono costato e quanto ha sofferto per me.

Pietro disse: «Signore, se il mio fratello pecca contro di me, quante volte gli dovrò perdonare? Fino a sette volte?»

Gesù rispose: «Io non ti dico fino a sette volte, ma fino a settanta volte sette.»

Matteo 18:21-22

La perdono per quando mi ha detto che io non ero desiderato, che sono nato per errore, o che non ero ciò che lei si aspettava.

La perdono per le sue infedeltà coniugali.

La perdono di cuore di tutto, Signore, e Ti prego di darle la Tua benedizione.

Io perdono mio padre…

Lo perdono per tutte le volte che non mi ha dato amore, affetto, attenzione e stima. Lo perdono per tutte le volte che non ha avuto tempo per me, per tutte le volte in cui ha preferito gli amici, il bar, il gioco a me. Lo perdono per la sua abitudine di bere, le sue discussioni e i suoi litigi con la mamma e i miei fratelli.

Lo perdono per tutte le volte che si è arrabbiato con me e mi ha percosso.

Lo perdono per tutte le volte che ha preferito stare fuori casa e per le altre donne che ha avuto.

Lo voglio perdonare perché, con il suo modo di fare, mi ha dato un’idea sbagliata di Dio Padre.

Lo perdono di tutto cuore, Signore, e Ti prego di dargli la Tua benedizione.

Signore, voglio perdonare i miei fratelli e le mie sorelle. Perdono quelli che mi hanno trascurato e allontanato, quelli che hanno mentito sul mio conto, che mi hanno odiato. Li perdono per aver voluto accaparrarsi l’amore dei genitori, li perdono per tutte le volte che mi hanno picchiato e reso la vita difficile. Li perdono per le ingiustizie nella divisione dell’eredità e per tutti i rancori e i risentimenti che ne sono seguiti. Signore, li perdono di cuore e Ti prego di aiutarli con il Tuo amore.

Signore, io perdono di cuore mio marito / mia moglie…

Per ogni mancanza d’amore, d’attenzione, d’affetto, di considerazione, di rispetto, d’appoggio, di comunicazione. Perdono i suoi sbagli, le sue cadute, le sue debolezze, i suoi tradimenti, le sue azioni, il suo disprezzo per me e le sue parole che mi hanno offeso, umiliato e ferito.

Perdono l’incomprensione, la disarmonia e la strumentalizzazione sessuale.

Lo / La perdono di cuore, Signore, e Ti prego di riempirlo/la del Tuo amore.

Io perdono di cuore i miei figli

Li perdono per la loro mancanza di amore, di rispetto, di obbedienza, di aiuto, di interesse e di riconoscenza. Li perdono per i malintesi, le discussioni, le liti, le bestemmie, l’immoralità. Perdono le loro scelte sbagliate, i loro vizi, i loro errori e le amicizie negative. Li perdono per aver abbandonato Te e la chiesa. Perdono il loro egoismo e la loro chiusura.

Li perdono di tutto cuore, Signore, e Ti prego di riempirli del Tuo amore.

Signore, io perdono mio suocero e mia suocera, mio genero e mia nuora, i cognati e le cognate e gli altri parenti acquisiti.

Li perdono per la loro invadenza, le loro critiche, le loro calunnie. Li perdono per quanto hanno detto, pensato, fatto che mi ha danneggiato e causato sofferenza. Li perdono per quando non mi hanno dato aiuto. Li perdono di cuore, Signore.

Signore, voglio perdonare i miei parenti, i nonni, che hanno interferito nella mia famiglia, che sono stati possessivi nei confronti dei miei genitori e sono stati causa di litigi e divisione. Li perdono di cuore, Signore.

E voglio perdonare i miei insegnanti e professori

Li perdono per non esser stati dei veri educatori, perché non mi hanno capito e sostenuto, perché non mi hanno valorizzato, perché mi hanno punito, insultato, trattato ingiustamente. Li perdono per quando mi hanno deriso e offeso. Signore, li perdono di cuore di tutto.

Voglio perdonare di cuore i preti, le suore, i pastori e la chiesa, per tutte le mancanze di aiuto, le loro chiusure, per l’incoerenza e gli scandali che mi hanno allontanato dalla fede. Li perdono di cuore, Signore, e Ti prego di benedirli.

Signore, perdono i dottori, gli infermieri, gli impiegati che mi hanno offeso in diversi modi. Per tutto ciò che di male mi hanno fatto, io li perdono di cuore, Signore.

Perdono tutte le persone che hanno autorità e ne hanno abusato nei miei confronti. Per tutto ciò che di male mi hanno fatto. Voglio perdonare la polizia, i carabinieri, i miei giudici, gli avvocati, le guardie carcerarie, che mi hanno accusato – con accuse vere o false –, deriso, disprezzato, odiato, spersonalizzato. Mi ha fatto così male e ho sofferto così tanto! Voglio perdonarli di cuore, Signore Gesù. Ti prego di benedirli, di dar loro la Tua pace, di liberarli dalle loro colpe. Grazie Signore!

Signore, voglio perdonare il mio datore di lavoro, il mio superiore, perché non mi paga come dovrebbe, perché non apprezza il mio lavoro, per la sua mancanza di comprensione, per il suo carattere insopportabile, per la mancanza di rispetto, per non aver valorizzato le mie capacità. Lo perdono di cuore, Signore.

Voglio perdonare i miei colleghi di lavoro, quelli che mi disprezzano e mi rendono la vita difficile, quelli che mi sovraccaricano di impegni, che mi criticano e mi prendono in giro, che non vogliono collaborare e che si danno da fare per prendere il mio posto. Li perdono di cuore, Signore.

Perdono i miei amici, quelli che mi hanno abbandonato, che mi hanno deluso, che non mi aiutano. Perdono coloro ai quali ho prestato denaro che non mi hanno più restituito, perdono quelli che mi hanno criticato. Li perdono di cuore, Signore.

Perdono i miei vicini di casa, Signore

Li perdono per la mancanza di rispetto nei miei confronti, per la loro arroganza, per il chiasso e per tutto quello che fanno contro di me. Li perdono, Signore.

Signore Gesù, Ti prego in modo particolare per ottenere la grazia di perdonare la persona che mi ha offeso di più. Te la presento, Signore: Tu sai che da solo non riesco a perdonarla. Ma con il Tuo aiuto, Signore, ora la voglio perdonare di cuore e Ti prego di benedirla.

Dopo aver chiesto al Signore la grazia di perdonare, chiediamoGli ora la forza di chiedere perdono a Lui e ai fratelli per il male che noi abbiamo fatto. In questo modo il perdono, dato e richiesto, può guarire e liberare.

Signore, con il Tuo aiuto ora voglio chiedere perdono a ognuna di queste persone che ho ricordato, perché nemmeno io le ho sapute sempre amare, capire, perdonare, affermare, aiutare. Chiedo loro perdono di cuore per averle giudicate, criticate, calunniate, per aver rivelato i loro difetti, i loro errori, le loro confidenze. Chiedo perdono per tutte le volte che, in vari modi, io le ho offese, specialmente mia madre, mio padre, mio marito/mia moglie. Ti prego, Signore, di dare Tu ad ognuno tutto l’amore che io non ho saputo dare.

Ora voglio chiedere perdono a Te, Signore

Ti chiedo perdono per non averTi amato con tutta la mente, con tutto il cuore, con tutte le mie forze e per non aver amato sempre il mio prossimo come me stesso.

Ti chiedo perdono, Signore, per il mio egoismo, per la mia mancanza di riconoscenza, per non aver fatto buon uso dei doni che Tu mi hai dato, per il mio attaccamento ai beni materiali, per il mio allontanamento da Te.

Signore, mi affido al tuo amore.

Ringraziamento

Grazie Signore, perché Tu vuoi la mia felicità.
Grazie perché mi stai liberando e rinnovando con il Tuo amore.
Grazie per la potenza di guarigione che sta passando nella mia vita.
Continua a donarmi il Tuo Santo Spirito
perché mi illumini e riempia con il Suo amore per tutta la mia vita.

Amen.

Autore Tratto e adattato da uno scritto della Comunità Shalom – Rinnovamento nello Spirito – Riva del Garda TN

For if ye forgive men their trespasses,
your heavenly Father will also forgive you;
but if ye forgive not men their trespasses,
neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

Matthew 6:14-15

Forgiveness heals

One of the biggest obstacles to true Christian life is the lack of forgiveness. Forgiveness makes it possible to love and to grow at peace with others, by the spirit and body.

Forgiveness is a source of healing, it heals the wounds caused by resentment, renews people, marriages, families, communities, social life.

Forgiveness is the key to our relationship with God, with others and with ourselves.

Forgiveness is a necessity: we can not help but forgive. If you do not lose I can not be forgiven!

Forgiveness is a decision not a feeling but an act of our will. I decide to forgive even if you do not feel like it. It is the choice to love others as they are.

Forgiveness is a way of life: it is the lifestyle of a Christian who agrees to forgive always, everyone and everything.

Forgiveness is a process, ie a continuous growth towards inner freedom. Do not forget that some experiences are so painful to take a long time spent in forgiveness.

Who do we forgive?

As the commandment tells us to love God, neighbor, and ourselves, so we have to exercise and to ask forgiveness in these three directions.

A) “God”

Sometimes you feel resentment towards God for the illness, death, hardship and misfortune. It should be humble and ask for forgiveness from God for all these things, blaming God, causing resentment and hinder our healing.

It seems a rare case, but many people believe – consciously or not – that God is guilty of their misfortunes.

B) To forgive the next

The Bible speaks extensively about this. The hatred is not only the greatest obstacle to receiving the healing, but many times it is even due to illness. (Luke 6:37)

C) To forgive yourself

It is impossible to forgive others if we do not forgive ourselves first.

Forgiving oneself is to accept in all aspects of spiritual, psychological, physical and social. It means believing that Jesus forgives every aspect, every mistake, when we come to Him asking for forgiveness with humility. Jesus gave His life for us, so the guilt no longer any reason to exist.

In the prayer that follows will touch many significant areas of our lives, past and present. Often this prayer can bring up other memories of our lives that need forgiveness.

Prayer for forgiveness

Lord Jesus, grant me thy Holy Spirit, which is the spirit of love and forgiveness, because I support and guide me in this prayer for forgiveness and give me the strength to forgive all, as you have forgiven.

Lord Jesus Christ, today I ask you to forgive all the people in my life.

I know that You will give me the ability and strength.

Thank you for loving me and want my happiness.

Lord, I’ll ask your forgiveness for all the times that I thought you were the cause of my misfortunes (death, illness, family divisions …) and people said it was the “will of God.” I’ll ask your forgiveness for all the difficulties and economic problems, because I thought that You sent them to me, to my family and my family, for my bad. Lord, you have kept these resentments towards you, but now I’ll ask your forgiveness.

Lord, by Your mercy, I can receive forgiveness from you for my mistakes, my falls and their consequences. Thank you for forgiveness for all the times I closed towards you and towards others. Thank you for forgiveness for all the wrong choices I made, for all my grief and anguish when I have put aside, thanks for your forgiveness for having slandered, judged, offended, for not having loved others.

Horace because you accept me as I am: my person, my personal and family situation, my body and my sexuality, my feelings of guilt and inferiority, my selfishness. I need your forgiveness, Lord, I entrust to your merciful love and the transforming action of your Spirit.

I forgive my mother …

I forgive her for all the times you did not give me love, affection, understanding, dialogue, and for all the times he had some resentment toward me for all those times when you are angry with me and punished me.

I forgive her for all the times that I preferred my brothers and sisters.

I forgive her for all the times I have offended with words or attitudes, and called me the worst of the children, or when held against me because I cost and how much he suffered for me.

Peter said: “Lord, if my brother sin against me, how many times must I forgive? Up to seven times? “

Jesus answered: “I will not tell you until seven times, but seventy times seven.”

Matthew 18:21-22

I forgive her for when she told me that I was not wanted, that I was born by mistake, or that was not what she expected.

I forgive her for his marital infidelity.

The heart of all forgiveness, Lord, and I beg you to give your blessing.

I forgive my father …

I forgive him for all the times you did not give me love, affection, attention and appreciation. I forgive him for all the times he had no time for me, for all the times in which he preferred his friends, the bar, the game to me. I forgive him for his habit of drinking, its discussions and its quarrels with her mother and my brothers.

I forgive him for all the times you are angry with me and beat me.

I forgive him for all the times she preferred to stand outside the home and the other women had.

I will forgive him because, with his way of doing things, I gave the wrong idea of ​​God the Father.

I forgive him with all my heart, Lord, and I beg you to give your blessing.

Lord, I forgive my brothers and my sisters. I Pardon those who have neglected and alienated, those who have lied about me, I have hated. I forgive them for wanting to grab the love of parents, I forgive them for all the times I have beaten and made life difficult. I forgive them for the injustices in the division of inheritance and for all the grievances and resentments that followed. Lord, forgive them heart and I beg you to help you with your love.

Lord, I forgive my husband’s heart / my wife …

For any lack of love, attention, affection, consideration, respect, support and communication. I forgive his mistakes, his fall, his weaknesses, his betrayals, his actions, his contempt for me and his words that I have offended, humiliated and hurt.

Pardon the misunderstanding, disharmony and sexual exploitation.

Him / her lose heart, Lord, and I beg you to fill it / her of your love.

I lost my heart children

I forgive them for their lack of love, respect, obedience, help, interest and gratitude. I forgive them for misunderstandings, arguments, quarrels, slander, immorality. Lose their bad choices, their vices, their errors and bad friendships. I forgive them for leaving you and the church. They lose their selfishness and their closure.

I forgive them with all my heart, Lord, and I beg you to fill them of your love.

Lord, I forgive my father and my mother-in-law, my son and my daughter-in-laws and in-laws and other laws.

I forgive them for their intrusiveness, their criticisms, their calumnies. I forgive them for what they have said, thought, that I was damaged and caused suffering. I forgive them for when I did not get help. They lose heart, Lord.

Lord, I forgive my parents, grandparents, who interfered in my family, who have been possessive of my parents and have caused disputes and divisions. They lose heart, Lord.

And I will forgive my teachers and professors

I forgive them for not having been true educators, because I have understood and supported, because I do not have appreciated, because I was punished, insulted, treated unfairly. I forgive them for when I have laughed at and insulted. Lord, forgive them for the heart of everything.

I will forgive the heart of the priests, nuns, pastors and church, for all the lack of help, their closures, the inconsistency and the scandals that I have departed from the faith. They lose heart, Lord, Please bless them.

Lord, forgive the doctors, nurses, employees who have offended me in different ways. For all that I have done wrong, I will lose heart, Lord.

I forgive all those who have abused their authority and to me. For all that I have done wrong. I will forgive the police, the carabinieri, my judges, lawyers, prison guards, who have accused me – with allegations true or false -, mocked, scorned, hated, depersonalized. I was so bad and I have suffered so much! I want to forgive them in heart, Lord Jesus Please bless them, give them Your peace, to free them from their sins. Thank you Lord!

Lord, I forgive my employer, my boss, why not pay me as it should, because they appreciate my work, for his lack of understanding, because it is unbearable, the lack of respect for not enhanced my skills. The forgiveness of the heart, Lord.

I want to forgive my colleagues, those who despise me and I make life difficult, as I overload of commitments, which I criticize and tease me, do not want to cooperate and keep themselves busy to take my place . They lose heart, Lord.

Pardon my friends, those who have forsaken me, that I was disappointed that I did not help. I forgive those who have lent money that I have returned more than they lose those who criticize me. They lose heart, Lord.

Pardon my neighbors, Lord

I forgive them for the lack of respect for me, for their arrogance, for the noise and everything they do against me. I forgive them, Lord.

Lord Jesus, I pray especially for the grace to forgive the person who has offended me more. I present you, Lord, Thou knowest that alone I can not forgive her. But with your help, Lord, now I will forgive and heart I beg you to bless it.

After asking God for the grace to forgive, Let us ask now the strength to apologize to him and his brothers for the evil we have done. In this way, forgiveness given and requested, can heal and liberate.

Lord, with your help now I want to apologize to each of these people I mentioned, because not even I sapute I always love, understand, forgive, say, help. I ask their forgiveness for having hearts judged, criticized, maligned, for revealing their faults, their mistakes, their confidences. I ask forgiveness for all times, in various ways, I have offended, especially my mother, my father, my husband / wife. Please, Lord, to give you all the love everyone that I have not been able to give.

Now I want to apologize to you, Lord

I ask your forgiveness for not having loved with all your mind, with all your heart, with all my strength and did not always loved my neighbor as myself.

I beg your pardon, Lord, for my selfishness, my lack of gratitude, for not making good use of the gifts that You have given me, for my attachment to material goods, for my separation from You.

Lord, I entrust to your love.

Thanksgiving

Thank you Lord, because You want my happiness.
I thank you because you’re releasing and renewing with your love.
Thanks to the power of healing that is going through in my life.
Continues to give me your Holy Spirit
enlighten me and fill it with His love for all my life.

Amen.

Author Adapted from a script of the Shalom Community – Renewal in the Spirit – Riva del Garda, TN

Che tu possa vivere in armonia


spring¸.•°*”˜˜”*°•✫♥¸.•°*”˜˜”*°•✫♥¸.•°*”˜˜”*°•✫♥¸.•°*”˜˜”*°•✫♥

La saggezza di un popolo, la sua serenità è nella pace che coltiva
nel cuore, nella capacità di aprire le porte all’accoglienza.
Quando si opprime, si cerca supremazia si uccide una parte di sé.
Si nasconde la Luce e si allontana il percorso verso Amore e Gentilezza.
Dare attenzione amorevole a chi è oppresso è giusto,
ma è importante dare questo sentimento anche agli oppressori
La sofferenza tocca tutti, anche chi si impossessa
della serenità degli altri.

 Che tu possa vivere in armonia

¸.•°*”˜˜”*°•✫♥¸.•°*”˜˜”*°•✫♥¸.•°*”˜˜”*°•✫♥

The wisdom of a people, its serenity and peace that grows
in the heart, the ability to open the doors to the reception.
When you oppress, trying supremacy kills a part of himself.
It hides the light and walks off the path to Love and Kindness.
Giving loving care to those who are oppressed are right,
but it is also important to give this feeling to the oppressors
that they can bring order to the confusion and darkness.
The suffering affects everyone, even those who took
possession of the serenity of the other.

May you live in harmony

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Preghiera


Preghiera

 

« Il pregare è nella religione ciò che il pensiero è nella filosofia. Il senso religioso prega come l’organo del pensiero pensa »
Novalis

La preghiera è una delle pratiche comuni a tutte le religioni. Essa consiste nel rivolgersi alla dimensione del sacro con la parola o con il pensiero; gli scopi della preghiera possono essere molteplici: invocare, chiedere un aiuto, lodare, ringraziare, santificare, o esprimere devozione o abbandono. La preghiera è solitamente considerata come il momento in cui l’uomo ‘parla’ al sacro, mentre la fase inversa è la meditazione, durante la quale è il sacro che ‘parla’ all’uomo.
La preghiera può essere personale, oppure liturgica; solitamente questa seconda forma si ritrova come preghiera scritta (o comunque tramandata in qualche modo). Una delle forme di preghiera più diffuse è il canto devozionale.
Secondo la dottrina cattolica, quando l’uomo prega si eleva a Dio in modo cosciente. Il “tappeto di preghiera” è un piccolo tappeto che i musulmani usano per inginocchiarsi durante le preghiere giornaliere.

Forme di preghiera pubblica

Nell’ebraismo sono previsti per gli uomini tre preghiere nei giorni feriali, in ricordo dei sacrifici di animali e vegetali che venivano praticati nel Santuario: l’Arvith, Shachrith e Minchah. Le preghiere sono quattro il sabato e altri giorni particolari (5 volte per Yom Kippur). L’ordine delle preghiere si trova nel Siddur, il tradizionale libro delle preghiere ebraico. Sebbene la preghiera individuale sia valida, pregare con un minyan (numero minimo di dieci maschi adulti) è considerato ideale. Molte sinagoghe hanno un hazzan, cioè un cantore che guida la preghiera della comunità.
Nel Cristianesimo la forma classica e più antica di preghiera pubblica sono le ore canoniche, cioè momenti fissi durante la giornata in cui vengono recitati (o cantati) dei salmi più altre preghiere, dalla bibbia o composte dalle Chiese, oltre a inni e intercessioni. Di origine antichissima (la struttura è stata ereditata dalla preghiera ebraica sinagogale e del Tempio di Gerusalemme), le ore canoniche ebbero particolare rilievo nelle comunità monastiche come ufficio corale.
Nell’Islam la preghiera canonica è chiamata ṣalāt, prescritta 5 volte al giorno, in forma singola o collettiva, anche se sono previste e consigliate altre preghiere volontarie.

Forme di preghiera privata

Nelle devozioni private esistono vari tipi di preghiere, che hanno un unico fine: elevare l’anima a Dio. Elevare l’anima a Dio è infatti la definizione ufficiale della preghiera così come riportato dal Catechismo della Chiesa Cattolica.
In realtà, come dice la Bibbia (Sap 1,7 e At 17,28), noi già viviamo ed esistiamo dentro Dio; come pure affermano alcune tradizioni religiose antiche dei popoli asiatici e americani. Essendo però Dio di natura trascendente e spirituale, la sua presenza non appare sempre immediatamente percepibile ed evidente. Ecco perché è necessario elevare l’anima a Dio, cioè compiere un atto di volontà (la volontà è una delle tre potenze dell’anima insieme alla memoria e all’intelletto) che ci rende più attenti, più sensibili, più partecipi di questa presenza che è sempre e ovunque. I modi di muovere la volontà e dunque l’anima a questa consapevolezza e a questa comunione sono molti e diversi. La tradizione cattolica ne enumera svariate decine che sono state ispirate dai santi nel corso dei secoli passati e che hanno trovato una eco più o meno duratura e diffusa, in funzione della semplicità, della praticità e della bellezza delle stesse modalità di preghiera.
Tra le forme private di preghiera più diffuse dalla tradizione cristiana troviamo:
la preghiera biblica (che utilizza direttamente le parole della Sacra Scrittura oppure che parte dalla lettura della Bibbia per poi aprirsi al colloquio personale con Dio, come fa la lectio divina);
il colloquio personale con Dio (che l’uomo può vivere in qualunque tempo e luogo);
il Santo Rosario (una forma devozionale nata nel Medioevo e diffusa oggi in tutti i popoli cattolici);
il culto delle immagini (fondato sul fatto che l’immagine sacra subito richiama alla mente la persona divina rappresentata e diffuso, oltre che nelle chiese, specialmente nei luoghi dove le chiese e i luoghi di culto pubblico sono lontani); tale culto non è accettato dal Protestantesimo;
la via crucis (devozione nata nel Medioevo e diffusa nel XVII secolo da san Leonardo da Porto Maurizio);
la vigilanza (cioè l’atteggiamento interiore dell’uomo che vigila sui suoi pensieri, discernendo quelli buoni da quelli malvagi per coltivare quelli buoni e rinnegare, dissolvere, dimenticare quelli malvagi);
la ripetizione (cioè l’atto della volontà che dà inizio ad un ciclo ripetitivo di brevi invocazioni o preghiere ben conosciute, che l’uomo ripete dentro di sé fino a formare un tappeto morbido e robusto sul quale l’anima si stende e si rilassa per poi entrare nella contemplazione);
la contemplazione (è la forma di preghiera considerata più santa, in quanto comunione stessa con il Santo, essendo stata definita dall’uomo la santità come la natura stessa di Dio; la contemplazione è la presenza viva di Dio nell’uomo che ispira direttamente pensieri, parole, immagini, azioni, per cui nella contemplazione l’uomo vede ciò che Dio vede, sente ciò che Dio sente, fa ciò che Dio fa);
la meditazione (è il fluire o il sorgere di pensieri che vengono suggeriti, stimolati, ispirati dalle fonti più diverse: ricordi, incontri, discorsi, letture, fatti, immagini, simboli, etc. Essendo immenso il bacino di spunti per la meditazione, essa è probabilmente la forma di orazione più praticata di ogni tempo).

Bibliografia

Jörg Zink, Come pregare, Claudiana, Torino 1988.
Giordano Berti, Preghiere di tutto il mondo, Vallardi, Milano 1999.
Gérald Messadié (a cura di), Il piccolo libro delle preghiere, Armenia, Milano 2003.
Catechismo della Chiesa Cattolica (di cui la Parte Quarta è interamente dedicata alla preghiera)

Prayer

Prayer is a form of religious practice that seeks to activate a volitional rapport to God or spirit through deliberate practice. Prayer may be either individual or communal and take place in public or in private. It may involve the use of words or song. When language is used, prayer may take the form of a hymn, incantation, formal creed, or a spontaneous utterance in the praying person. There are different forms of prayer such as petitionary prayer, prayers of supplication, thanksgiving, and worship/praise. Prayer may be directed towards a deity, spirit, deceased person, or lofty idea, for the purpose of worshipping, requesting guidance, requesting assistance, confessing sins or to express one’s thoughts and emotions. Thus, people pray for many reasons such as personal benefit or for the sake of others.
Most major religions involve prayer in one way or another. Some ritualize the act of prayer, requiring a strict sequence of actions or placing a restriction on who is permitted to pray, while others teach that prayer may be practiced spontaneously by anyone at any time.
Scientific studies regarding the use of prayer have mostly concentrated on its effect on the healing of sick or injured people. The efficacy of petition in prayer for physical healing to a deity has been evaluated in numerous studies, with contradictory results There has been some criticism of the way the studies were conducted

Forms of prayer

Various spiritual traditions offer a wide variety of devotional acts. There are morning and evening prayers, graces said over meals, and reverent physical gestures. Some Christians bow their heads and fold their hands. Some Native Americans regard dancing as a form of prayer. Some Sufis whirl. Hindus chant mantras. Orthodox Jews sway their bodies back and forth[10] and Salah for Muslims (“kneel and prostrate as seen on the right”). Quakers keep silent. Some pray according to standardized rituals and liturgies, while others prefer extemporaneous prayers. Still others combine the two.
These methods show a variety of understandings to prayer, which are led by underlying beliefs.
These beliefs may be that
the finite can communicate with the infinite
the infinite is interested in communicating with the finite
prayer is intended to inculcate certain attitudes in the one who prays, rather than to influence the recipient
prayer is intended to train a person to focus on the recipient through philosophy and intellectual contemplation
prayer is intended to enable a person to gain a direct experience of the recipient
prayer is intended to affect the very fabric of reality as we perceive it
prayer is a catalyst for change in oneself and/or one’s circumstances, or likewise those of third party beneficiaries
the recipient desires and appreciates prayer
or any combination of these.[citation needed]
The act of prayer is attested in written sources as early as 5000 years ago. Some anthropologists, such as Sir Edward Burnett Tylor and Sir James George Frazer, believed that the earliest intelligent modern humans practiced something that we would recognize today as prayer.
Friedrich Heiler is often cited in Christian circles for his systematic Typology of Prayer which lists six types of prayer: primitive, ritual, Greek cultural, philosophical, mystical, and prophetic

The act of worship

Prayer has many different forms. Prayer may be done privately and individually, or it may be done corporately in the presence of fellow believers. Prayer can be incorporated into a daily “thought life”, in which one is in constant communication with a god. Some people pray throughout all that is happening during the day and seek guidance as the day progresses. This is actually regarded as a requirement in several Christian denominations,[15] although enforcement is not possible nor desirable. There can be many different answers to prayer, just as there are many ways to interpret an answer to a question, if there in fact comes an answer.[15] Some may experience audible, physical, or mental epiphanies. If indeed an answer comes, the time and place it comes is considered random. Some outward acts that sometimes accompany prayer are: anointing with oil;[16] ringing a bell;[17] burning incense or paper;[18] lighting a candle or candles;[19] facing a specific direction (i.e. towards Mecca[20] or the East); making the sign of the cross. One less noticeable act related to prayer is fasting.
A variety of body postures may be assumed, often with specific meaning (mainly respect or adoration) associated with them: standing; sitting; kneeling; prostrate on the floor; eyes opened; eyes closed; hands folded or clasped; hands upraised; holding hands with others; a laying on of hands and others. Prayers may be recited from memory, read from a book of prayers, or composed spontaneously as they are prayed. They may be said, chanted, or sung. They may be with musical accompaniment or not. There may be a time of outward silence while prayers are offered mentally. Often, there are prayers to fit specific occasions, such as the blessing of a meal, the birth or death of a loved one, other significant events in the life of a believer, or days of the year that have special religious significance. Details corresponding to specific traditions are outlined below.


Pre-Christian Europe

Etruscan, Greek, and Roman paganism
In the pre-Christian religions of Greeks and Romans (Ancient Greek religion, Roman religion), ceremonial prayer was highly formulaic and ritualized.[21][22] The Iguvine Tables contain a supplication that can be translated, “If anything was said improperly, if anything was done improperly, let it be as if it were done correctly.”
The formalism and formulaic nature of these prayers led them to be written down in language that may have only been partially understood by the writer, and our texts of these prayers may in fact be garbled. Prayers in Etruscan were used in the Roman world by augurs and other oracles long after Etruscan became a dead language. The Carmen Arvale and the Carmen Saliare are two specimens of partially preserved prayers that seem to have been unintelligible to their scribes, and whose language is full of archaisms and difficult passages.
Roman prayers and sacrifices were often envisioned as legal bargains between deity and worshipper. The Roman principle was expressed as do ut des: “I give, so that you may give.” Cato the Elder’s treatise on agriculture contains many examples of preserved traditional prayers; in one, a farmer addresses the unknown deity of a possibly sacred grove, and sacrifices a pig in order to placate the god or goddess of the place and beseech his or her permission to cut down some trees from the grove

Germanic paganism

An amount of accounts of prayers to the gods in Germanic paganism survived the process of Christianization, though only a single prayer has survived without the interjection of Christian references. This prayer is recorded in stanzas 2 and 3 of the poem Sigrdrífumál, compiled in the 13th century Poetic Edda from earlier traditional sources, where the valkyrie Sigrdrífa prays to the gods and the earth after being woken by the hero Sigurd.
A prayer to the bigger god Odin is mentioned in chapter 2 of the Völsunga saga where King Rerir prays for a child. His prayer is answered by Frigg, wife of Odin, who sends him an apple, which is dropped on his lap by Frigg’s servant in the form of a crow while Rerir is sitting on a mound. Rerir’s wife eats the apple and is then pregnant with the hero Völsung. In stanza 9 of the poem Oddrúnargrátr, a prayer is made to “kind wights, Frigg and Freyja, and many gods,” although since the poem is often considered one of the youngest poems in the Poetic Edda, the passage has been the matter of some debate.[26]
In chapter 21 of Jómsvíkinga saga, wishing to turn the tide of the Battle of Hjörungavágr, Haakon Sigurdsson eventually finds his prayers answered by the goddesses Þorgerðr Hölgabrúðr and Irpa (the first of the two described as Haakon’s patron goddess) who appear in the battle, kill many of the opposing fleet, and cause the remnants of their forces to flee. However, this depiction of a pagan prayer has been criticized as inaccurate due to the description of Haakon dropping to his knees.
The 11th century manuscript for the Anglo-Saxon charm Æcerbot presents what is thought to be an originally pagan prayer for the fertility of the speaker’s crops and land, though Christianization is apparent throughout the charm.[28] The 8th century Wessobrunn Prayer has been proposed as a Christianized pagan prayer and compared to the pagan Völuspá[29] and the Merseburg Incantations, the latter recorded in the 9th or 10th century but of much older traditional origins

Abrahamic religions

Bible
In the common Bible of the Abrahamic religions, various forms of prayer appear; the most common forms being petition, thanksgiving, and worship. The longest book in the Bible is the Book of Psalms, 150 religious songs which are often regarded as prayers. Other well-known Biblical prayers include the Song of Moses (Exodus 15:1-18), the Song of Hannah (1 Samuel 2:1-10), and the Magnificat (Luke 1:46-55). But perhaps the best-known prayer in the Christian Bible is the Lord’s Prayer (Matthew 6:9–13; Luke 11:2-4).
See also: Tanakh, New Testament, Prayer in the Hebrew Bible, and Prayer in the New Testament

Judaism

Jews pray three times a day, with lengthier prayers on special days, such as the Shabbat and Jewish holidays. The siddur is the prayerbook used by Jews all over the world, containing a set order of daily prayers. Jewish prayer is usually described as having two aspects: kavanah (intention) and keva (the ritualistic, structured elements).
The most important Jewish prayers are the Shema Yisrael (“Hear O Israel”) and the Amidah (“the standing prayer”).
Communal prayer is preferred over solitary prayer, and a quorum of 10 adult males (a minyan) is considered by Orthodox Judaism a prerequisite for several communal prayers.

Rationalist approach to prayer

In this view, ultimate goal of prayer is to help train a person to focus on divinity through philosophy and intellectual contemplation. This approach was taken by Maimonides and the other medieval rationalists. One example of this approach to prayer is noted by Rabbi Steven Weil, who was appointed the Orthodox Union’s Executive-Vice President in 2009. He notes that the word “prayer” is a derivative of the Latin “precari”, which means “to beg”. The Hebrew equivalent “tefilah”, however, along with its root “pelel” or its reflexive “l’hitpallel”, means the act of self-analysis or self-evaluation. This approach is sometimes described as the person praying having a dialogue or conversation with God.

Educational approach to prayer

In this view, prayer is not a conversation. Rather, it is meant to inculcate certain attitudes in the one who prays, but not to influence. This has been the approach of Rabbenu Bachya, Yehuda Halevy, Joseph Albo, Samson Raphael Hirsch, and Joseph Dov Soloveitchik. This view is expressed by Rabbi Nosson Scherman in the overview to the Artscroll Siddur (p. XIII); note that Scherman goes on to also affirm the Kabbalistic view (see below).

Kabbalistic approach to prayer

Kabbalah (Jewish mysticism) uses a series of kavanot, directions of intent, to specify the path the prayer ascends in the dialog with God, to increase its chances of being answered favorably. Kabbalists ascribe a higher meaning to the purpose of prayer, which is no less than affecting the very fabric of reality itself, restructuring and repairing the universe in a real fashion. In this view, every word of every prayer, and indeed, even every letter of every word, has a precise meaning and a precise effect. Prayers thus literally affect the mystical forces of the universe, and repair the fabric of creation.
Among Jews, this approach has been taken by the Chassidei Ashkenaz (German pietists of the Middle-Ages), the Arizal’s Kabbalist tradition, Ramchal, most of Hassidism, the Vilna Gaon, and Jacob Emden.

Christianity

Main articles: Prayer in Christianity and Christian worship

Christian prayers are quite varied. They can be completely spontaneous, or read entirely from a text, like the Anglican Book of Common Prayer. Probably the most common and universal prayer among Christians is the Lord’s Prayer, which according to the gospel accounts is how Jesus taught his disciples to pray. Some Protestant denominations choose not to recite the Lord’s Prayer or other rote prayers.
Christians generally pray to God or to the Father. Some Christians (e.g., Catholics, Orthodox) will also ask the righteous in heaven and “in Christ,” such as Virgin Mary or other saints to intercede by praying on their behalf (intercession of saints). Formulaic closures include “through our Lord Jesus Christ, Your Son, who lives and reigns with You, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God, through all the ages of ages,” and “in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit.”
It is customary among Protestants to end prayers with “In Jesus’ name, Amen” or “In the name of Christ, Amen”[34] However, the most commonly used closure in Christianity is simply “Amen” (from a Hebrew adverb used as a statement of affirmation or agreement, usually translated as so be it).
There is also the form of prayer called hesychast which is a repetitious type of prayer for the purpose of meditation. In the Western or Latin Rite of Catholic Church, probably the most common is the Rosary; In the Eastern Church (the Eastern rites of the Catholic Church and Orthodox Church), the Jesus Prayer.
Roman Catholic tradition includes specific prayers and devotions as acts of reparation which do not involve a petition for a living or deceased beneficiary, but aim to repair the sins of others, e.g. for the repair of the sin of blasphemy performed by others

Pentecostalism

In Pentecostal congregations, prayer is often done by speaking in a foreign tongue, a practice now known as glossolalia.[36] Practitioners of Pentecostal glossolalia may claim that the languages they speak in prayer are real foreign languages, and that the ability to speak those languages spontaneously is a gift of the Holy Spirit;[37][38] however, many people outside the movement have offered alternative views. George Barton Cutten suggested that glossolalia was a sign of mental illness.[39] Felicitas Goodman suggested that tongue speakers were under a form of hypnosis.[40] Others suggest that it is a learned behaviour. Some of these views have allegedly been refuted

Christian Science

Christian Science teaches that prayer is a spiritualization of thought or an understanding of God and of the nature of the underlying spiritual creation. Adherents believe that this can result in healing, by bringing spiritual reality (the “Kingdom of Heaven” in Biblical terms) into clearer focus in the human scene. The world as it appears to the senses is regarded as a distorted version of the world of spiritual ideas. Prayer can heal the distortion. Christian Scientists believe that prayer does not change the spiritual creation but gives a clearer view of it, and the result appears in the human scene as healing: the human picture adjusts to coincide more nearly with the divine reality. Christian Scientists do not practice intercessory prayer as it is commonly understood, and they generally avoid combining prayer with medical treatment in the belief that the two practices tend to work against each other. (However, the choice of healing method is regarded as a matter for the individual, and the Christian Science Church exerts no pressure on members to avoid medical treatment if they wish to avail of it as an alternative to Christian Science healing.) Prayer works through love: the recognition of God’s creation as spiritual, intact, and inherently lovable

Prevalence of prayer for health

Some modalities of alternative medicine employ prayer. A survey released in May 2004 by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, part of the National Institutes of Health in the United States, found that in 2002, 43% of Americans pray for their own health, 24% pray for others’ health, and 10% participate in a prayer group for their own healt

Islam

Muslims pray a ritualistic prayer called salah or salat in Arabic, facing the Kaaba in Mecca, five times a day. The command to pray is in the Quran in several chapters. The prophet Muhammed showed each Muslim the true method of offering prayers thus the same method is observed till date. There is the “call for prayer” (adhan or azaan), where the muezzin calls for all the followers to stand together for the prayer. The prayer consists of standing, by mentioning -àllàh o -àqbàr (God is great) followed by recitation of the first chapter of the Quran. After the person bends and praises god, then prostrates and again praises god. The prayer ends with the following words “peace and blessings be upon you”. During the prayer a Muslim cannot talk or do anything else besides praying. Once the prayer is complete one can offer voluntary prayers or supplicate -àllàh for his needs. There are also many standard duas or supplications, also in Arabic, to be recited at various times, e.g. for one’s parents, after salah, before eating. Muslims may also say dua in their own words and languages for any issue they wish to communicate with God in the hope that God will answer their prayers.[20] Certain Shia fiqhs pray 3 times a day.

Bahá’í

Main article: Prayer in the Bahá’í Faith
Bahá’u’lláh, the Báb, and `Abdu’l-Bahá have revealed many prayers for general use, and some for specific occasions, including for unity, detachment, spiritual upliftment, and healing among others. Bahá’ís are also required to recite each day one of three obligatory prayers revealed by Bahá’u’lláh. The believers have been enjoined to face in the direction of the Qiblih when reciting their Obligatory Prayer. The longest obligatory prayer may be recited at any time during the day; another, of medium length, is recited once in the morning, once at midday, and once in the evening; and the shortest can be recited anytime between noon and sunset. Bahá’ís also read from and meditate on the scriptures every morning and evening.

Eastern religions

In contrast with Western religion, Eastern religion for the most part discards worship and places devotional emphasis on the practice of meditation alongside scriptural study. Consequently, prayer is seen as a form of meditation or an adjunct practice to meditation

Buddhism

n certain Buddhist sects, prayer accompanies meditation. Buddhism for the most part sees prayer as a secondary, supportive practice to meditation and scriptural study. Gautama Buddha claimed that human beings possess the capacity and potential to be liberated, or enlightened, through contemplation, leading to insight. Prayer is seen mainly as a powerful psycho-physical practice that can enhance meditation.[48]
In the earliest Buddhist tradition, the Theravada, and in the later Mahayana tradition of Zen (or Chán), prayer plays only an ancillary role. It is largely a ritual expression of wishes for success in the practice and in helping all beings.[49][50][51][52]
The skillful means (Sanskrit: upaya) of the transfer of merit (Sanskrit: parinamana) is an evocation and prayer. Moreover, indeterminate buddhas are available for intercession as they reside in awoken-fields (Sanskrit: buddha-kshetra).
The nirmanakaya of a awoken-field is what is generally known and understood as mandala. The opening and closing of the ring (Sanskrit: mandala) is an active prayer. An active prayer is a mindful activity, an activity in which mindfulness is not just cultivated but is.[53] A common prayer is “May the merit of my practice, adorn Buddhas’ Pure Lands, requite the fourfold kindness from above, and relieve the suffering of the three life-journeys below. Universally wishing sentient beings, Friends, foes, and karmic creditors, all to activate the bodhi mind, and all to be reborn in the Pure Land of Ultimate Bliss.” (願以此功德 莊嚴佛淨土 上報四重恩 下濟三途苦 普願諸眾生 冤親諸債主 悉發菩提心 同生極樂國)[54]
The Generation Stage (Sanskrit: utpatti-krama) of Vajrayana involves prayer elements.[55]
The Tibetan Buddhism tradition emphasizes an instructive and devotional relationship to a guru; this may involve devotional practices known as guru yoga which are congruent with prayer. It also appears that Tibetan Buddhism posits the existence of various deities, but the peak view of the tradition is that the deities or yidam are no more existent or real than the continuity (Sanskrit: santana; refer mindstream) of the practitioner, environment and activity. But how practitioners engage yidam or tutelary deities will depend upon the level or more appropriately yana at which they are practicing. At one level, one may pray to a deity for protection or assistance, taking a more subordinate role. At another level, one may invoke the deity, on a more equal footing. And at a higher level one may deliberately cultivate the idea that one has become the deity, whilst remaining aware that its ultimate nature is shunyata. The views of the more esoteric yana are impenetrable for those without direct experience and empowerment.
Pure Land Buddhism emphasizes the recitation by devotees of prayer-like mantras, a practice often called Nembutsu.[56]:190 On one level it is said that reciting these mantras can ensure rebirth into a sambhogakaya land (Sanskrit: buddha-kshetra) after bodily dissolution, a sheer ball spontaneously co-emergent to a buddha’s enlightened intention. According to Shinran, the founder of the Pure Land Buddhism tradition that is most prevalent in the US[56]:193[57] “for the long haul nothing is as efficacious as the Nembutsu.”[56]:197[58] On another, the practice is a form of meditation aimed at achieving realization.[citation needed]
But beyond all these practices the Buddha emphasized the primacy of individual practice and experience. He said that supplication to gods or deities was not necessary. Nevertheless, today many lay people in East Asian countries pray to the Buddha in ways that resemble Western prayer—asking for intervention and offering devotion.

Hinduism

Hinduism has incorporated many kinds of prayer (Sanskrit: prārthanā), from fire-based rituals to philosophical musings. While chanting involves ‘by dictum’ recitation of timeless verses or verses with timings and notations, dhyanam involves deep meditation (however short or long) on the preferred deity/God. Again the object to which prayers are offered could be a persons referred as devtas, trinity or incarnation of either devtas or trinity or simply plain formless meditation as practiced by the ancient sages. All of these are directed to fulfilling personal needs or deep spiritual enlightenment. Ritual invocation was part and parcel of the Vedic religion and as such permeated their sacred texts. Indeed, the highest sacred texts of the Hindus, the Vedas, are a large collection of mantras and prayer rituals. Classical Hinduism came to focus on extolling a single supreme force, Brahman, that is made manifest in several lower forms as the familiar gods of the Hindu pantheon[dubious – discuss]. Hindus in India have numerous devotional movements. Hindus may pray to the highest absolute God Brahman, or more commonly to Its three manifestations namely creator god called Brahma, preserver god called Vishnu and destroyer god (so that the creation cycle can start afresh) Shiva, and at the next level to Vishnu’s avatars (earthly appearances) Rama and Krishna or to many other male or female deities. Typically, Hindus pray with their hands (the palms) joined together in pranam. The hand gesture is similar to the popular Indian greeting namaste.

Jainism

Although Jains believe that no spirit or divine being can assist them on their path, they do hold some influence, and on special occasions, Jains will pray for right knowledge to the twenty-four Tirthankaras (saintly teachers) or sometimes to Hindu deities such as Ganesha.

Shinto

The practices involved in Shinto prayer are heavily influenced by Buddhism; Japanese Buddhism has also been strongly influenced by Shinto in turn. The most common and basic form of devotion involves throwing a coin, or several, into a collection box, ringing a bell, clapping one’s hands, and contemplating one’s wish or prayer silently. The bell and hand clapping are meant to wake up or attract the attention of the kami of the shrine, so that one’s prayer may be heard.
Shinto prayers quite frequently consist of wishes or favors asked of the kami, rather than lengthy praises or devotions. Unlike in certain other faiths, it is not considered irregular or inappropriate to ask favors of the kami in this way, and indeed many shrines are associated with particular favors, such as success on exams.
In addition, one may write one’s wish on a small wooden tablet, called an ema, and leave it hanging at the shrine, where the kami can read it. If the wish is granted, one may return to the shrine to leave another ema as an act of thanksgiving.

Sikhism

The Ardās (Punjabi: ਅਰਦਾਸ) is a Sikh prayer that is done before performing or after undertaking any significant task; after reciting the daily Banis (prayers); or completion of a service like the Paath (scripture reading/recitation), kirtan (hymn-singing) program or any other religious program. In Sikhism, these prayers are also said before and after eating. The prayer is a plea to God to support and help the devotee with whatever he or she is about to undertake or has done.
The Ardas is usually always done standing up with folded hands. The beginning of the Ardas is strictly set by the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. When it comes to conclusion of this prayer, the devotee uses word like “Waheguru please bless me in the task that I am about to undertake” when starting a new task or “Akal Purakh, having completed the hymn-singing, we ask for your continued blessings so that we can continue with your memory and remember you at all times”, etc. The word “Ardās” is derived from Persian word ‘Arazdashat’, meaning a request, supplication, prayer, petition or an address to a superior authority.
Ardās is a unique prayer based on the fact that it is one of the few well-known prayers in the Sikh religion that was not written in its entirety by the Gurus. The Ardās cannot be found within the pages of the Guru Granth Sahib because it is a continually changing devotional text that has evolved over time in order for it to encompass the feats, accomplishments, and feelings of all generations of Sikhs within its lines. Taking the various derivation of the word Ardās into account, the basic purpose of this prayer is an appeal to Waheguru for his protection and care, as well as being a plea for the welfare and prosperity of all mankind, and a means for the Sikhs to thank Waheguru for all that he has done

Taoism

Prayer in Taoism is less common than Fulu, which is the drawing and writing of supernatural talismans

Animism

Although prayer in its literal sense is not used in animism, communication with the spirit world is vital to the animist way of life. This is usually accomplished through a shaman who, through a trance, gains access to the spirit world and then shows the spirits’ thoughts to the people. Other ways to receive messages from the spirits include using astrology or contemplating fortune tellers and healers. The native religions in some parts of North, East and South Asia, America, Africa, and Oceania are often animistic.

America

The Aztec religion was not strictly animist. It had an ever increasing pantheon of deities, and the shamans performed ritual prayer to these deities in their respective temples. These shamans made petitions to the proper deities in exchange for a sacrifice offering: food, flowers, effigies, and animals, usually quail. But the larger the thing required from the God the larger the sacrifice had to be, and for the most important rites one would offer one’s own blood; by cutting his ears, arms, tongue, thighs, chest or genitals, and often a human life; either warrior, slave, or even self-sacrifice.[63]
The Pueblo Indians are known to have used prayer sticks, that is, sticks with feathers attached as supplicatory offerings. The Hopi Indians used prayer sticks as well, but they attached to it a small bag of sacred meat

Australia

In Australia, prayers to the “Great Wit” are performed by the “clever wapmen” and “clever women”, or kadji. These Aboriginal shamans use maban or mabain, the material that is believed to give them their purported magical powers

Neopaganism

Adherents to forms of modern Neopaganism pray to various gods. The most commonly worshiped and prayed to gods are those of Pre-Christian Europe, such as Celtic, Norse, or Graeco-Roman gods. Prayer can vary from sect to sect, and with some (such as Wicca) prayer may also be associated with ritual magick.

Theurgy and Western Esotericism

Practitioners of theurgy and western esotericism may practice a form of ritual which utilizes both pre-sanctioned prayers and names of God, and prayers “from the heart” that, when combined, allows the participant to ascend spiritually, and in some instances, induce a trance in which God or other spiritual beings may be realized. Very similar to hermetic qabala, and orthodox qabala, it is believed that prayer can influence both the physical and non-physical worlds. The use of ritualistic signs and names are believed to be archetypes in which the subconscious may take form as the Inner God, or another spiritual being, and the “prayer from the heart” to be that spiritual force speaking through the participant.

Meher Baba

The Indian spiritual teacher Meher Baba emphasized both the beauty of prayer as praise and the power of prayer as petition:
“The ideal prayer to the Lord is nothing more than spontaneous praise of His being. You praise Him, not in the spirit of bargain but in the spirit of self-forgetful appreciation of what He really is. You praise Him because He is praiseworthy. Your praise is a spontaneous appreciative response to his true being, as infinite light, infinite power and infinite bliss.”[66]
“Through repeated sincere prayers it is possible to effect an exit from the otherwise inexorable working out of the law of karma. The forgiveness asked from God evokes from Him His inscrutable grace, which alone can give new direction to the inexorable karmic determination

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preghiera

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prayer

Per la Tua Gloria


Per la Tua Gloria

Signore dell’Amore Infinito,
ti ringrazio per tutte le benedizioni
che mi concedi in continuazione.
Ti amo, ti lodo e ti benedico,
perché sei meraviglioso e generoso.

Caro Padre, continua a sostenere
e proteggere i miei parenti, i miei amici
e tutti quelli che mi chiedono
di pregare per loro.

O Dio, riversa la Tua perfetta guarigione in me.
Glorifica Te stesso nel mio corpo.
Vivi la Tua vita divina in me.
Rinnova le Tue energie dentro di me.
Rendi puro il cuore mio
e luminosi tutti i miei pensieri.

Mio eterno Amato,
io vengo a Te come un erede.
Reclamo il mio diritto
di dimorare nella Tua Grazia.
Credo e adesso ricevo i Tuoi doni.

Amèn.

 

For Your Glory

Lord of Infinite Love,
I thank you for all the blessings
I allow myself the time.
I love you, I praise and bless you,
because you’re wonderful and generous.

Dear Father, continues to support
and protect my family, my friends
and all those who ask me
to pray for them.

O God, pour out Your perfect healing in me.
Glorify Yourself in my body.
Live your life divine in me.
Renew your energy with me.
Make my heart pure
bright and all my thoughts.

My eternal Beloved,
I come to you as an heir.
Claim my right
to dwell in Thy grace.
And now I think I get your gifts.

Amen.

8 dicembre: Immacolata Concezione di Maria


8 dicembre: Immacolata Concezione di Maria

 

Aspetti storici e teologici del dogma dell’Immacolata Concezione di Maria, che spesso viene confuso con il concepimento verginale di Cristo.

 

L’Immacolata Concezione di Maria è un dogma della Chiesa Cattolica, proclamato ufficialmente l’8 dicembre 1854 da Papa Pio IX. Come la maggior parte dei dogmi, tuttavia, anche questo non introduce alcuna novità, ma viene a “certificare ufficialmente” e formalmente una realtà già ampiamente riconosciuta e di antica tradizione.

Già gli antichi Padri della Chiesa d’Oriente, nell’esaltare la Madre di Dio, avevano avuto espressioni che la ponevano senza alcun dubbio al di sopra del peccato originale. L’avevano chiamata: “Intemerata, incolpata (nel senso di “senza colpa”), bellezza dell’innocenza, più pura degli Angioli, giglio purissimo, germe non- avvelenato, nube più splendida del sole, immacolata “.

L’indicare il dogma dell’Immacolata Concezione come una “invenzione del 1800″ è un clamoroso falso storico, poichè la tradizione di Maria Immacolata e senza peccato risale ai primi secoli del cristianesimo. Papa Pio IX ha solo “certificato” e ufficializzato tale lunga ed affermata tradizione.

Con questo dogma dell’Immacolata Concezione di Maria si vuole infatti indicare quelparticolare privilegio in virtù del quale la Madonna, piena di grazia e benedetta tra le donne, in vista della nascita e della morte di Cristo, fu sin dal primo momento della sua concezione, per singolare privilegio di Dio, preservata immune da ogni macchia della colpa originale.

Al contrario di come molti erroneamente pensano, la festa dell’Immacolata Concezione dell’8 dicembre si riferisce al concepimento “immacolato” di Maria e non al concepimento verginale di Gesù.

Spesso parlando dell’Immacolata Concezione ci si sofferma esclusivamentesull’assenza del peccato originale, mentre è anche molto importante evidenziare l’aspetto della pienezza di grazia che questo singolare privilegio ha comportato per la Madonna (come recitiamo nell’Ave Maria). In virtù del suo immacolato concepimento, Maria è l’unica creatura che ha vissuto davvero in pienezza la propria esistenza secondo il piano di Dio, l’unica che ha sempre amato Dio profondamente e in modo pieno sopra ogni cosa.

Come tutti i dogmi mariani, anche quello dell’Immacolata Concezione di Maria non è un fatto a sé stante, isolato dal piano divino della salvezza, ma al contrario si inserisce profondamente e marca in modo evidente il disegno salvifico di Dio, che prevede innanzitutto l’incarnazione redentrice di Cristo, grazie alla quale tutti sono gratuitamente salvati dall’amore di Dio. La liberazione dal peccato originale e la pienezza di grazia di cui è rivestita Maria, sin dal primo istante di vita, non sono frutto della sua fede o di qualche altro suo merito, ma solo dono gratuito di Dio.

Nell’enciclica mariana “Ineffabilis Deus” si può leggere in sintesi il contenuto ufficiale del dogma:

« (…) affermiamo e definiamo rivelata da Dio la dottrina che sostiene che la beatissima Vergine Maria fu preservata, per particolare grazia e privilegio di Dio onnipotente, in previsione dei meriti di Gesù Cristo Salvatore del genere umano, immune da ogni macchia di peccato originale fin dal primo istante del suo concepimento, e ciò deve pertanto essere oggetto di fede certo ed immutabile per tutti i fedeli. »

Come si può notare, non si afferma solamente che Maria è l’unica creatura ad essere nata priva del peccato originale – e ciò fin da nove mesi prima della sua nascita, e cioè al momento del suo concepimento da parte di sua madre, Sant’Anna – ma aggiunge altresì che la Madre di Dio, sempre per speciale privilegio, non ha commesso nessun peccato in tutta la sua vita.

Le vicende storiche della proclamazione del dogma richiamano le apparizioni di Lourdes dove la Madonna, a pochi anni di distanza, si sarebbe presentata aBernadette Soubirous con la frase “Io sono l’Immacolata Concezione“, il cui significato era del tutto oscuro alla piccola Bernadette.

http://guide.supereva.it/religione_cattolica/interventi/2009/11/8-dicembre-immacolata-concezione-di-maria